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Hoover Institution Newsletter -Winter 2004

Hoover Institution Newsletter -Winter 2004

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Published by Hoover Institution
-Fall Retreat takes on timely topics with speakers, presentations
-President Bush nominates Koret Task Force members to National Board for Education Sciences
-The Big Show in Bololand is cowinner of prestigious 2003 Marshall Shulman book prize
-Eric Hanushek awarded Fordham Prize for scholarship
-Q&A: Williamson Evers on assisting Iraq's education system
-Fall Retreat takes on timely topics with speakers, presentations
-President Bush nominates Koret Task Force members to National Board for Education Sciences
-The Big Show in Bololand is cowinner of prestigious 2003 Marshall Shulman book prize
-Eric Hanushek awarded Fordham Prize for scholarship
-Q&A: Williamson Evers on assisting Iraq's education system

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Published by: Hoover Institution on Aug 11, 2011
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T
hree members ofthe Hoover Insti-tution’s Koret Task Force on K–12Education were nominated by Pres-ident George W.Bush to the NationalBoard for Education Sciences.Nominated were Eric A.Hanushek,Car-oline Hoxby,and Herbert Walberg.Hanushek,who was nominated to atwo-year term,is the Paul and Jean HannaSenior Fellow in Education at Hoover.Hoxby,who was nominated to a four-year term,is a professor ofeconomics atHarvard University and director oftheEconomics ofEducation Program for theNational Bureau ofEconomic Research.Walberg,who was nominated to a three-year term,is a professor emeritus in educa-tion at the University ofIllinois-Chicago.
C
onstitutional law,education,racialquotas,nuclear weapons,taxpolicy,and the future ofCaliforniawere among the many timely topicsaddressed during the Hoover Institution’sFall Director’s Retreat,October 26–28,2003.Hoover senior fellow Victor DavisHanson discussed “The War on Terrorismin a Classical Context,and,in the course of his talk,examined mythologies surround-ing war,their causes and how they areresolved.“Wars are hard to start,said Hanson,anoted classicist and author,“Most statesknow exactly what they’re doing and they take these precipitous steps because they think the risks are not as great as advan-tages accrued…and ifone side perceivesthat the other has lost deterrence.Also addressing international issues wasHoover senior fellow Niall Ferguson,whodiscussed the strengths and weakness of U.S.leadership.In his talk,Fergusonexplored how far the Anglo-Americanideals offree markets,rule oflaw,and rep-resentative government can be maintainedand how far they can be exported or glob-
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he Big Show in Bololand:The American ReliefExpeditionto Soviet Russia in the Famine of1921
,written by Hooverresearch fellow Bertrand M.Patenaude,was named co-winner ofthe 2003 Marshall Shulman Book Prize.
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News by and about Hoover fellows and the Institution updated daily.Visit us at www.hoover.org
HOOVER INSTITUTION
WINTER2004
NEWSLETTERNEWSLETTER
Victor Davis Hanson
continued on page 2continued on page 8continued on page 2
 
2
The award was made by the AmericanAssociation for the Advancement ofSlavicStudies (AAASS),in conjunction with theHarriman Institute at Columbia Univer-sity,on November 22 in Toronto,Ontario,Canada.At that time,AAASS presented itsannual awards for distinguished contribu-tions to Slavic studies and five book prizes.The AAASS is the leading private,non-profit organization dedicated to theadvancement ofknowledge about Russia,Central Eurasia,and Eastern and CentralEurope.
The Big Show in Bololand 
is based onmaterials in the Hoover InstitutionArchives and was published by StanfordUniversity Press.It portrays an Americanreliefexpedition to Soviet Russia in 1921 tomitigate the impact ofthe famine thatkilled millions.The award committeepraised Patenaude’s work for being “an out-standing example oflively and engagingprose,impressive historical research,andpersuasive analysis ofthe diplomaticunderpinnings and consequences oftherescue mission.”Information about the book is availableon the Hoover Institution web site athttp://www-hoover.stanford.edu/pubaf-fairs/newsletter/02091/bololand.html andat the Stanford University Press web site athttp://www.sup.org/cgi-bin/search/book_desc.cgi?book_id=4467%204493.Also winning the Marshall ShulmanBook Prize was Ted Hopf,associate profes-sor ofpolitical science at the Ohio StateUniversity for his monograph on the inter-national behavior ofthe countries oftheformer Communist bloc,
Social Construc-tion ofInternational Politics:Identities &Foreign Policies,Moscow,1955 & 1999
,published by Cornell University Press.Founded in 1948,the American Associ-ation for the Advancement ofSlavicStudies,a nonprofit,nonpolitical,scholarly society,brings together over 3,000 scholarsinterested in the culture,history,and lan-guages ofthe regions peoples,and theireconomic and political systems,and givescoherence to a field that covers a multitudeofacademic disciplines and diverseinterests.The nominations were announced onNovember 19 by the White House.The National Board for Education Sci-ences,which was established in 2002 underthe Education Sciences Reform Act,ischarged with overseeing the work oftheInstitute ofEducation Sciences.This act overhauled the Office ofEduca-tional Research and Improvement andreplaced it with the new Institute ofEduca-tion Sciences,which is designed to developand coordinate high-quality research,gather statistics,evaluate programs,anddisseminate information.The Institute ofEducation Sciences iswithin the Department ofEducation butfunctions as a separate office under thedirection ofthe newly established NationalBoard for Education Sciences.TheNational Board for Education Sciences iscomposed offifteen members appointedby the president.The Koret Task Force on K–12 Educa-tion is the centerpiece ofthe Hoover Insti-tution’s Initiative on American Public Edu-cation.Supported by the Koret Founda-tion,the task force consists ofa group of national educational experts with estab-lished careers in systematic and scientificanalysis ofeducation policy.Task forceactivities have focused on and producedideas and materials concerning schoolreforms that are likely to succeed.Task force members also serve aseditors,contributors,and members oftheeditorial board of 
Education Next:A Journal ofOpinion and Research
,publishedby the Hoover Institution.The full text ofthe press release on thenominations may be viewed athttp://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/11/20031119-3.html
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Bertrand M.Patenaude
 
3
E
ducation reform has come to beviewed as a legal problem,a perspec-tive that encourages frivolous law-suits that breed distrust ofthe law and theU.S.education system,according to PhilipHoward,attorney,author,and activist withthe organization Common Good.“We have lost the ability to make goodchoices,said Howard,who spoke to adinner audience gathered on January 15during meetings ofthe Koret Task Force onK–12 Education.“The use ofthe law to ‘improve’schoolsis one ofthe reasons schools are failing,hesaid.“This is not to say that the law isn’timportant,as in desegregation and specialeducation.But when the law moves fromhelping set goals,as in desegregation,todaily negotiation,it suffocates positivechanges and improvements.“My premise is that the most importantaspect in an institution,such as the schools,is the people in it.The human aspect is crit-ical,but the law kills it,he said.“Frankly,the law is rigid,when we have too manrules the law is overarching,and so-calleddue process—to protect individuals againstgovernment power—is being misused.“Ifyou are running a school,you need tohave authority and discretion.We need torestore this authority to have good schoolsand not misuse the law,he added.Howard,the chairman ofthe ground-breaking bipartisan legal reform organiza-tion Common Good,is also the author of 
The Death ofCommon Sense:How Law IsSuffocating America
(Random House,1995) and
The Collapse ofthe CommonGood:How Americas Lawsuit CultureUndermines Our Freedom
(Ballatine,2002)
.
He is vice-chairman ofthe law firm Cov-ington & Burling.The Koret Task Force on K–12 Educa-tion met during January 14–16 to takestock ofits projects and programs and planfor the future.The task force is an elite teamofscholars specializing in education reformwho have been brought together by Hooverdirector John Raisian and Hoover overseerTad Taube,president ofthe Koret Founda-tion,to address the national debate overpublic education.The task force is a joint endeavor oftheHoover Institution and the Koret Founda-tion ofSan Francisco,its primary sponsor.Task force members are Hoover fellowsWilliamson M.Evers,Chester Finn,EricHanushek,Terry Moe,and Paul E.Petersonand Hoover distinguished visiting fellowsJohn E.Chubb,Paul Hill,E.D.Hirsch Jr.,Caroline Hoxby,Diane Ravitch,andHerbert J.Walberg.The Koret Task Force forms the center-piece ofthe Hoover Institutions Initiativeon American Public Education,a five-yearcommitment to the production ofresearchand writing on education reform.The task force’s first joint work,
 A Primer on America’s Schools
,was published by theHoover Institution Press in 2001.Otherbooks include
Choice with Equity
(2002)and
School Accountability
(2002).In 2003,the task force released
Our Schools and Our Future … Are We Still at Risk? An Assess-ment by the Koret Task Force on K–12 Edu-cation
,also published by Hoover Institu-tion Press.
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ric A.Hanushek,Paul and JeanHanna Senior Fellow,has beenawarded the Fordham Foundation’s2004 Prize for Distinguished Scholarship.The announcement was made on January 26.Hanushek,a member ofthe HooverInstitution Koret Task Force on K–12 Edu-cation,was cited for his passion to improvethe education ofdisadvantaged andminority children,beliefs about the K–12education system,challenge ofconven-tional wisdom about schooling,and deepcommitment to the cause ofpublicschools.The Thomas B.Fordham Prize for Dis-tinguished Scholarship is awarded to ascholar whohas mademajor contri-butions toeducationreform viaresearch,analysis,andsuccessful engagement in the war ofideas.In 2003,the first Thomas B.FordhamPrize for Distinguished Scholarship wasawarded to Paul Peterson,a member oftheKoret Task Force for K–12 Education and aprofessor ofeducation at Harvard Univer-sity.The recipient ofthe first Fordham Prizefor Valor in 2003 was E.D.Hirsch Jr.,also amember ofthe Koret Task Force on K–12Education and a professor emeritus at theUniversity ofVirginia.The Thomas B.Fordham Prize for Valor is awarded to aleader who has made major contributionsto education reform via noteworthy accomplishments at the national,state,local,and/or school level.The press release on the award may beviewed at the Fordham Foundation sitehttp://www.edexcellence.net/foundation/global/page.cfm?id=199.At http://www.edexcellence.net/doc/FordhamEducationPrizes2004.pdfis a fullprofile ofHanushek,his work,and his life,along with that ofthe winner ofthe Foun-dations 2004 Prize for Valor,Howard L.Fuller,distinguished professor ofeduca-tion and founder/director ofthe Institutefor the Transformation ofLearning atMarquette University.
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Eric A.Hanushek

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