To set a snare, the looped end of the snare issuspended over a trail or path that the animal isexpected to use. The animal enters the snare, stick-ing its head through the loop, and through its for-ward progress draws the snare down on itself.It should be noted, that not all animals aresnared by catching them around the neck. You willbe more successful snaring some animals like rac-coon and beaver if the snare cinches up on theirbody somewhere behind one or both of their frontlegs. These animals both have a short, roundedhead and a great deal of manual dexterity with theirfront feet. Using their front paws, these animalscan often slip a snare off over their head.Other animals, most notably canines, have along tapered head that is very wide just behind theirears. When a snare closes on their neck it is veryunlikely they will be able to slip out of it or removeit. In this case, it is better to snare these animalsby the neck.
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There are two major considerations in setting asnare to target a specific animal — the size of theloop and the distance from the bottom of the loopto the ground. In making these determinations youmust consider the size of the animal, the height of the animal’s head above the ground (generally de-termined by the length of its legs) and whether it isbest to catch the animal by the neck or by the body.For an animal you want to snare by the neck,the snare loop should be just large enough to ad-mit the animal’s head. The snare should be posi-tioned so that the bottom of the loop strikes theanimal’s chest at the base of the neck after its headgoes through the loop.To snare an animal by the body, you need aloop big enough to admit the front portion of theanimal’s body. The loop must be low enough to theground so that the animal can step through it, buthigh enough to strike the animal’s chest after theanimal steps through the snare.
Raccoon and beaver have a great deal of dexterity withtheir front paws and can often slip a snare off theirneck. These animals are more successfully snaredaround the body. The snare loop should be largeenough to admit the front portion of the animal's bodyand positioned low enough so the animal can step oneor both front legs through the loop.In snaring canines the snare is positioned to catch theanimal around the neck. The loop should be largeenough to comfortably admit the animal's head. Itshould be positioned low enough to clear the animal'schin, but high enough so the animal does not stepthrough it.
Ohio Snaring Guide - 19