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Setting Snares

Setting Snares

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Published by Matt Stephens

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Published by: Matt Stephens on Aug 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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To set a snare, the looped end of the snare issuspended over a trail or path that the animal isexpected to use. The animal enters the snare, stick-ing its head through the loop, and through its for-ward progress draws the snare down on itself.It should be noted, that not all animals aresnared by catching them around the neck. You willbe more successful snaring some animals like rac-coon and beaver if the snare cinches up on theirbody somewhere behind one or both of their frontlegs. These animals both have a short, roundedhead and a great deal of manual dexterity with theirfront feet. Using their front paws, these animalscan often slip a snare off over their head.Other animals, most notably canines, have along tapered head that is very wide just behind theirears. When a snare closes on their neck it is veryunlikely they will be able to slip out of it or removeit. In this case, it is better to snare these animalsby the neck.
Setting SnaresSetting SnaresSetting SnaresSetting SnaresSetting Snares
There are two major considerations in setting asnare to target a specific animal — the size of theloop and the distance from the bottom of the loopto the ground. In making these determinations youmust consider the size of the animal, the height of the animals head above the ground (generally de-termined by the length of its legs) and whether it isbest to catch the animal by the neck or by the body.For an animal you want to snare by the neck,the snare loop should be just large enough to ad-mit the animals head. The snare should be posi-tioned so that the bottom of the loop strikes theanimal’s chest at the base of the neck after its headgoes through the loop.To snare an animal by the body, you need aloop big enough to admit the front portion of theanimal’s body. The loop must be low enough to theground so that the animal can step through it, buthigh enough to strike the animal’s chest after theanimal steps through the snare.
Raccoon and beaver have a great deal of dexterity withtheir front paws and can often slip a snare off theirneck. These animals are more successfully snaredaround the body. The snare loop should be largeenough to admit the front portion of the animal's bodyand positioned low enough so the animal can step oneor both front legs through the loop.In snaring canines the snare is positioned to catch theanimal around the neck. The loop should be largeenough to comfortably admit the animal's head. Itshould be positioned low enough to clear the animal'schin, but high enough so the animal does not stepthrough it.
Ohio Snaring Guide - 19
Loop Sizes and Heights for Furbearers
(Swimming)Loop 9" to 10"Height 1/3 above water2/3 below water
20 - Ohio Snaring Guide
While your snares will be set to take furbearinganimals, the possibility exists that larger animals,like deer or livestock could get tangled up in yoursnare. This usually happens when the animal iswalking along and gets its foot through the snareloop.Some of the Ohio regulations are designed todeal with this problem. Snares, or any other trap-ping devices, cannot be set in paths commonly usedby humans or domestic animals. This means snarescannot be set in active livestock trails. In regardsto deer, Ohio snares must employ one of two fea-tures. One option is to install a stop on the cablethat prevents the loop from closing past a diameterof 2-1/2 inches. This would allow a deer to shake thesnare off its foot. The other option is to use a lock or lock system that will break away from the snarecable at 350 pounds or less. This would allow adeer to break the lock as it pulls against the snare.These regulations are designed to minimize thepotential for detaining a large animal in your snare.Still the best way to avoid deer and livestock is toavoid setting your snares where these animals arelikely to be encountered.You should not set snares within the confinesof a pasture where livestock is present. Deer arefree roaming, wild animals, but you can take mea-sures to avoid catching them in your snares. Donot set snares on trails that show frequent or heavyuse by deer.
Avoiding DeerAvoiding DeerAvoiding DeerAvoiding DeerAvoiding Deerand Livestockand Livestockand Livestockand Livestockand Livestock
There are other instances when you may wantto set a snare on a trail that is not regularly usedby deer, but still the possibility exists that a deermight take that trail. In this case, you can con-struct the set to make the deer avoid your snare.The best way to do this is to place a pole overyour snare. The pole should be about the size of your wrist or larger. You can place the pole hori-zontally over your snare and support it on eachend. This gives the appearance of the goal posts ona football field. With the pole just above the snare,the deer will jump or step over the pole, while thetarget animal will go under the pole and into thesnare.Another option is to use a leaning” pole to steerthe deer away from your snare. This is best accom-plished where the trail passes close to a tree andthe snare is fastened to the tree. Here, you canlean a pole against the tree at an angle with thesnare between the pole and the tree. A deer willwalk around the outside of the pole and avoid thesnare. Make sure there is room on the outside othe pole for the deer to detour around it.In each of these cases, the pole should bepropped up so that it will not fall down easily. How-ever, the pole should not be wired or permanentlyfastened in place because it could create an en-tanglement situation for the animal. The animalshould be able to knock the pole over if it gets thesnare around it.
Do not set snares in the confines of a pasturewhere livestock is present.
Ohio Snaring Guide - 21

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