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Report Visit to Camp Ashraf

Report Visit to Camp Ashraf

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Published by iraniscc
Camp Ashraf, or Ashraf City as its residents know it, is home to approximately 3,500 members of the main Iranian opposition group, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). Ashraf is 100km from the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, and about 70km from of the Iranian border.
It was originally built in 1986 after the PMOI relocated to Iraq. There have been numerous reports of attacks carried out on Ashraf by agents purportedly linked to Tehran.
Iran has also put considerable pressure on the Iraqi government to close down the camp and extradite its residents. The European Parliament strongly condemned in its 12 July 2007 resolution some actions directed against the camp by Baghdad at Iranian behest.
The residents of Camp Ashraf have since 2004 been considered “protected persons” under the Fourth Geneva Convention. The International Committee of the Red Cross says that the International Humanitarian Law (IHL), international law and the Principle of Non-Refoulement bars the Iraqi government from expelling or extraditing or forcefully displacing Ashraf residents inside Iraq.
Nonetheless, there is serious risk of harm coming to the residents, with some pro-Iranian elements in the Iraqi government openly claiming that they would seek to expel them to Iran or elsewhere.
Our committee therefore decided that it would be appropriate to fully investigate the current situation of Ashraf residents by sending another delegation to Iraq to speak in person with the camp’s population as well as relevant Iraqi and U.S. officials. Of course, it was not the first delegation of MEPs, but we have had four other delegations sent to Ashraf since 2004 for other purposes.
Camp Ashraf, or Ashraf City as its residents know it, is home to approximately 3,500 members of the main Iranian opposition group, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). Ashraf is 100km from the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, and about 70km from of the Iranian border.
It was originally built in 1986 after the PMOI relocated to Iraq. There have been numerous reports of attacks carried out on Ashraf by agents purportedly linked to Tehran.
Iran has also put considerable pressure on the Iraqi government to close down the camp and extradite its residents. The European Parliament strongly condemned in its 12 July 2007 resolution some actions directed against the camp by Baghdad at Iranian behest.
The residents of Camp Ashraf have since 2004 been considered “protected persons” under the Fourth Geneva Convention. The International Committee of the Red Cross says that the International Humanitarian Law (IHL), international law and the Principle of Non-Refoulement bars the Iraqi government from expelling or extraditing or forcefully displacing Ashraf residents inside Iraq.
Nonetheless, there is serious risk of harm coming to the residents, with some pro-Iranian elements in the Iraqi government openly claiming that they would seek to expel them to Iran or elsewhere.
Our committee therefore decided that it would be appropriate to fully investigate the current situation of Ashraf residents by sending another delegation to Iraq to speak in person with the camp’s population as well as relevant Iraqi and U.S. officials. Of course, it was not the first delegation of MEPs, but we have had four other delegations sent to Ashraf since 2004 for other purposes.

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Published by: iraniscc on Aug 12, 2011
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08/12/2011

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Iran’s Democratic Opposition
A report from Ashraf City
Visit by a delegation of Euro-MPsled by Dr. Alejo Vidal-Quadras Roca,Vice-President of the European Parliament,to Ashraf City, home to PMOI members in Iraq
 
January 2009
 
Friends of a Free IranParliamentary inter-groupEuropean Parliament
 
Iran’s Democratic Opposition
A report from Ashraf City
 
A short word
The book is the culmination of an extensive investigation by a delegationof the European Parliament about several thousand opponents of theIranian regime based at Camp Ashraf in Iraq’s Diyala Province. The CampAshraf’s residents are members of the largest Iranian opposition group, thePeople’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). The purpose of this bookis to offeracloselookattheoppositionactivistsatCampAshrafwhichmayprove fruitful in the future formulation of EU policy on Iran.Our committee began its research on Ashraf in mid-2003 and has sentseveral delegations to there to gain a better understanding in the yearssince.There are several reasons why our committee chose to send delegationsto visit Ashraf up close. Admittedly, some quarters and governmentaldepartments in western countries make accusations against the PMOI,though the organization counters that they are rooted in the Tehran’spropaganda machinery. In any case, we sought to launch our ownindependent investigation and provide a coherent analysis of the group inlight of these charges. We had issues a few reports in this regard.Another reason for sending delegations to Ashraf is due to the fact thatwe in the European Parliament are very sensitive about the developmentsin Iran and the Middle East region. We strongly believe that Iran which hasturned into one of the most important crises centers in the world, has anIranian solution, a solution in which the people and the opposition play themain role. It was within this context that we felt it necessary to providethe Parliament and European people with fuller insight into the nature ofthe opposition which Ashraf is the main part of it. Indeed, before visitingAshraf in 2008, I had for years known of the Iranian Resistance and metmany of its members in Europe. But I was struck by how differentanimageI got after meeting the people there.

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