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IB Lab - 05 Hacksaw Blade Oscillation (DC DPP CE)

# IB Lab - 05 Hacksaw Blade Oscillation (DC DPP CE)

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Published by: ringo_tiger on Sep 25, 2008

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IB Criteria Assessed
Data Collection, Data Processing,Evaluation
CriteriaassessedAspect
123
LevelawardedPl (a)Pl (b)DCDPPCE
International Baccalaureate Physics4/PSOW
To Measure the Stiffness of Steel by theOscillations of a Hacksaw Blade
Aim:
This is to show that a concept difficult to measure can be easilycalculated indirectly from a suitable equation. Also this is further  practice in plotting an appropriate graph and using the gradient to finda constant - in this case the constant is the stiffness (E) of the steel.Also you will see how to use your graph to obtain a
±
estimate of accuracy.
Apparatus:
Clamp, hacksaw blade, stop watch, 2 magnets, ruler, micrometer,digital scales, blocks of wood.
Diagram:

Method:
Clamp the hacksaw blade between the 2 blocks of wood with the blade vertical. Attach the 2 magnetsto the end of the blade, about 0.15 m from the blocks (distance x). Pull the magnets to one side andrelease them so that the blade vibrates. Time the period T. Repeat this for various lengths of x up to 0.3m. Also measure the mass of the magnets (M), the thickness of the hacksaw blade (d), and the breadth(b).
Data Collection:
Period T, mass M and stiffness E are related by the equation:
Draw a suitable table to include all of the variables together with their actual uncertainties and percentage uncertainties due to the apparatus used.
Data Processing and Presentation:
Plot a suitable graph that will allow you to find the stiffness E.
What is the accuracy of your result?
To estimate this, find the best-fit line on the graph and the worst fit line.
Calculate a value for E from each gradient and so find a
±
value for your result for E.
Conclusion and Evaluation:
What does the term “stiffness” mean?
What is the value of the stiffness (E) for steel?
How does this value compare with the one that you have obtained.
Suggest reasons for any differences.
Suggest areas where the procedures used in this practical may have been the cause of some of these errors.
© 2006 - Mike Dickinson8266766.doc
3322
16
x E bd
π=

International Baccalaureate Physics4/PSOW
Suggest modifications to the practical to minimise any errors and shortcomings.
© 2006 - Mike Dickinson8266766.doc

International Baccalaureate Physics4/PSOW
Internal Assessment Marking Form
Research Question:
c.Identifies a
focused
problem or researchquestion. p.States the problem oresearch question, but itis unclear or incomplete.n.Does not state the problem or researchquestion
or
repeats thegeneral aim provided bythe teacher.
Hypothesis:
c.
Relates
the hypothesis or  prediction directly to theresearch question and
explains
it,
quantitatively
where appropriate. p.States the hypothesis or  prediction but does notexplain it.n.Does not state ahypothesis or prediction.
Variables:
c.Selects therelevant
independent
and
controlledvariable(s)
. p.Selects somerelevantvariables.n.Does not selectany relevantvariables.ccc 3ccp 2ccn 2cpp 2 ppp 1cpn 1cnn 1 ppn 1 pnn 0nnn 0
Pl(b)
Materials /  Apparatus:
c.Selects appropriateapparatus or materials. p.Selects someappropriateapparatus or materials.n.Does not selectany apparatus or materials.
Control of Variables:
c.Describes a methodthat allows for thecontrol of thevariables. p.Describes a methodthat makes someattempt to control thevariables.n.Describes a methodthat does not allow for the control of thevariables.
Collecting Data:
c.Describes a method thatallows for the collectionof sufficient relevantdata. p.Describes a method thatallows for the collectionof insufficient relevantdata.n.Describes a method thatdoes not allow anyrelevant data to becollected.ccc 3ccp 2ccn 2cpp 2 ppp 1cpn 1cnn 1 ppn 1 pnn 0nnn 0
DC
Collecting / Recording Raw Data:
c.Records appropriate raw data (qualitativeand/or quantitative), including units anduncertainties where necessary. p.Records some appropriate raw data.n.Does not record any appropriate raw data.
Aspect 1 includes units, uncertainties,significant digits
Organising / Presenting Raw  Data:
c.Presents raw data clearly,allowing for easyinterpretation. p.Presents raw data but does notallow for easy interpretation.n.Does not present raw data
or
presents it incomprehensibly.cc 3cp 2cn 1 pp 1 pn 0nn 0
DPP
Processing Raw Data:
c.Processes the rawdata correctly. p.Some raw data is processed correctly.n.No processing of rawdata is carried out
or
major errors are madein processing.
Presenting Processed Data:
c.Presents processed data appropriately, helpinginterpretation and, where relevant, takes intoaccount errors and uncertainties. p.Presents processed data appropriately but with someerrors and/or omissions.n.Presents processed data inappropriately
or
incomprehensibly
Aspect 2 includes uncertainty bars, max / min slopes(HL), axes with labels and units, best fit line drawn
cc 3cp 2cn 1 pp 1 pn 0nn 0
CE
Drawing Conclusions:
c.Gives a validconclusion, based on thecorrect interpretation of the results, with anexplanation and, whereappropriate, comparesresults with literaturevalues. p.States a conclusion thathas some validity.n.Draws a conclusion that
Evaluating procedure(s)and results:
c.Evaluates procedure(s)and results includinglimitations,weaknesses or errors. p.Evaluates procedure(s)and results but missessome obviouslimitations or errors.n.The evaluation issuperficial
or
Improving theinvestigation:
c.Identifiesweaknesses andstates realisticsuggestions toimprove theinvestigation. p.Suggests onlysimplisticimprovements.n.Suggests unrealisticccc 3ccp 2ccn 2cpp 2 ppp 1cpn 1cnn 1 ppn 1 pnn 0nnn 0
© 2006 - Mike Dickinson8266766.doc

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