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Review for Quiz (Subj, Pred, I/D Clauses)

Review for Quiz (Subj, Pred, I/D Clauses)

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Published by thereadingzone
Review for quiz 10/2
Review for quiz 10/2

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Published by: thereadingzone on Sep 25, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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Review for Quiz
Subjects
A sentence tells people something about a topic. The topic is called thesubject of 
 
the sentence.
 
SUBJECT FACTS(Examples are from Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by RoaldDahl.)
1) Subjects can be at the verybeginning of the sentence. The poor fellow, looking thin and
 
starved, was sitting there trying toeat
 
a bowl full of mashed-up green
 
caterpillars.(2) Subjects can be someplace elsein a sentence—even at the end.In the town, actually within sight of Charlie’s house, was an enormouschocolate factory!
 
The sentence could have thesubject at the
 
beginning, too.
An enormous chocolate factorywas in the town, actually
 
withinsight of Charlie’s house.
 
Either way, the subject is the same — 
 
whether it’s at the beginning or the end 
 
of the sentence—becauseit’s the topic of 
 
the sentence
.
 
(3) Subjects can be long. The one food that Oompa-Loompaslonged for more than any other wasthe cacao bean.
 
(4) Subjects can be short. The cacao bean is chocolate.(5) Subjects can do just one thing.Charlie wolfed down the candy bar
 
(6) Subjects can do more than onething.Charlie grabbed the candy bar andquickly tore off the wrapper andtook
 
an enormous bite.
 
(7) Sentences can have just onesubject. Twice a day, on his way to and fromschool, little Charlie Bucket had towalk right past the gates of thechocolate factory.
 
(8) Sentences can have more thanone subject.Lots of children and many grown-ups pushed their ways into theChocolate Room.
 
9) Sentences must have subjects—or they won’t make sense!
? (no subject)
would eat tenOompa Loompas for breakfast andcome
 
galloping back for a secondhelping.
 
Without a subject, we don’t knowwho
 
or what would eat ten Oompa-Loompas
 
for breakfast and comegalloping back 
 
for a second helping.
 
Predicates
 
A sentence tells people something about a subject. The commentabout the subject
 
is called the predicate.
 

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