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18 Song of Solomon 921-929

18 Song of Solomon 921-929

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Published by givethemtheword
NOTE ON THE S'rRUCTURE

OF THE SONG OP SOLOMON (PAGE 920).

The scope of the book is determined by the Structure of the book as a whole. The story gradually develops itself; and, from the key which is found in the last chapter (8.6-14), the whole may be pieced together in the words of Dr. C. D. Ginsburg (Oommentary, London, 1857, pp. 4-6), to which the references have been added in order to connect the threads of the events. "There was a family living at Shulem, consisting of a widowed mother, s
NOTE ON THE S'rRUCTURE

OF THE SONG OP SOLOMON (PAGE 920).

The scope of the book is determined by the Structure of the book as a whole. The story gradually develops itself; and, from the key which is found in the last chapter (8.6-14), the whole may be pieced together in the words of Dr. C. D. Ginsburg (Oommentary, London, 1857, pp. 4-6), to which the references have been added in order to connect the threads of the events. "There was a family living at Shulem, consisting of a widowed mother, s

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NOTEONTHES'rRUCTUREOFTHESONGOPSOLOMON(PAGE920).
ThescopeofthebookisdeterminedbytheStructureofthebookasawhole.Thestorygraduallydevelopsitself;and,fromthekeywhichisfoundinthelastchapter(8.6-14),thewholemaybepiecedtogetherinthewordsofDr.C.D.Ginsburg
(Oommentary,
London,1857,pp.
4-6),
towhichthereferenceshavebeenaddedinordertoconnectthethreadsoftheevents."TherewasafamilylivingatShulem,consistingofawidowedmother,severalsons,andonedaughter,whomaintainedthemselvesbyfarmingandpasturage.Thebrotherswereparticularlyfondoftheirsister,andtookherundertheirspecialcare,promisingthatherprudenceandvirtueshouldbegreatlyrewardedbythem(8.8-14)."Inthecourseoftime,whiletendingtheflock,and,accordingtothecustomoftheshepherds,resortingat
I
noonbeneathatreeforshelteragainstthemeridiansun,shemetwithagracefulshepherdyouthtowhomsheafterwardbecameespoused
(1.
7;
2.
16;
6.
3).
"Onemorning,inthespring,thisyouthinvitedhertoaccompanyhimintothefield;butthebrothers,overhearingtheinvitation,andanxiousforthereputationoftheirsister,senther[inordertopreventtheirmeeting]totakecareofthevineyards
(2.
15).
"Thedamsel,however,consoledherbelovedandherselfwiththeassurancethat"thoughseparatedbodily,indissolubletiessubsistedbetweenthem,overwhichherbrothershadnocontrol
(2.16).
"Sherequestedhimtomeetherintheevening(S.
1);
and,ashedidnotcome,shefearedthatsomeaccidenthadbefallenhimontheway,andwentinsearchofhim(3.2),andfoundhim(3.)."Theeveningnowwastheonlytimeinwhichtheycouldenjoyeachother'scompany,as,duringtheday,thedamselwasoccupiedinthevineyards."Ononeoccasion,whenenteringagarden,sheaccidentallycameintothepresenceofKingSolomon
(6.
11,12),
whohappenedtobeonasummervisittothat,neighbourhood
(6.
6-11).
"Struckwiththebeautyofthedamsel,theKingconductedherintohisroyaltent
(1.
2-4),andthere,assistedbyhiscourt-ladles
(1.
5-8),
endeavouredwithalluringflatteriesandpromises,togainheraffections,butwithouteffect
(1.
6-11).
"ReleasedfromtheKing'spresence,thedamselsoonsoughtaninterviewwithherbelovedshepherd(l.
12-2.7).
"TheKing,however,tookherwithhimtohiscapitalingreatpomp,inthehopeofdazzlingherwithhissplendour(3.
1-11);
butneitherdidthisprevail:forwhileeventhere,shetoldherbelovedshepherd,whohadfollowedherintothecapital
(4.1-5),
andobtained
fill
interviowwithher,thatshewasanxioustoquitthegaudysceneforherownhome
(4.6).
"Theshepherd,onhearingthis,praisedherconstancy
(4.
7-16);
andsuchamanifestationoftheirmutualattachmenttookplace,thatseveralofthecourt-ladiesweregreatlyaffectedbyit
(6.
1).
"TheKing,stilldeterminedifpossibletowinheraffections,watchedforanotherfavourableopportunity;andwithflatteriesandallurements,surpassingallthathehadusedbefore,triedtoobtainhispurpose
(6.*-7.
9,.
"Hepromisedtoelevatehertothehighestrank,andtoraiseheraboveallhisconcubinesandqueens,ifshewouldcomplywithhiswishes;but,faithfultoherespousals,sherefusedallhisovertures,onthepleathatheraffectionswerepledgedtoanother(7.
10-8.4).
"TheKing,convincedatlastthathecouldnotpossiblyprevail,wasobligedtodismissher;andtheshepherdess,incompanywithherbelovedshepherd,returnedtohernativeplace
(8.5-14).
"Ontheirwayhome
(8.5-7),
theyvisitedthetreeUDderwhichtheyhadfirstmet,andthererenewedtheirvowsoffidelitytoeachother."Onherarrivalinsafetyatherhome,herbrothers,accordingtotheirpromise,rewardedhergreatlyforhervirtuousconduct"
(8.8,9).
Theaboveisan
Interpretation.
The
Application
isanincentivetoloyaltyandfidelitytotheOne"WholovedusandgaveHimselfforus";andtostandfast,inourloveandloyaltytoHim,inthefaceofthefiercesttemptationsandseveresttrials.ToIsraelthiswouldbeexpressed:"Bethoufaithfuluntodeath"(Jas.
1.3.
1
Pet.
1.7.
Heb.l0.
23);
"Tohimdlatovercometh",&c.(Rev.
2.7,11,17,26;3.5,12,21);
alsoHeb.13.
9,
13.
1
Pet.
1.4-7,
&c.'fotheChurchofGodthiswouldbeexpressedinsuchpassagesasGal.5.1.Eph,
4.
Hi
6.13,18.
Phil.
I.
j
4.1.
CoL
1.10,22,28
i
2
7.2
Tim.3.
u.
Tit.
I.
9.
921
 
D
THE
SONG
OF
SOLOMON.
D
1
THE
°
songofsongs,which
is
0
Solomon's.
1
ongofsongs,whichisSolomon's.Heb.title
2
°
Let
°
himkissmewiththekissesofhis
Sh'irHashshirim=SongofSongs.
IntheSept.itis
Asma
mouth:for
°
thylove
is
betterthan
°
wine.
Asmaton,
Vulg.
CanticumCanticorum,
allwiththesame
3
°
Becauseofthesavourofthygoodoint-
meaning.Fig.
Polyptoton
(Ap.6),meaningthemostbeautifulorexcellentsong.Itbelongstothethird
ments
°
thyname
isas
ointmentpouredforth,
divisionoftheO.T.Canon(seeAp.
1).
Theorderofthe
thereforedothe
0
virginslovethee.
five"Megilloth"(orScrolls)istheorderofthefestivals
4
°
Drawme,wewill
0
runafterthee:
°
the
onwhichtheyareread.TheSongisreadannuallyat
kinghathbroughtmeintohis
°
chambers:we
theFeastofthePassover,asRuthisreadatPentecost
j
willbegladandrejoiceinthee,wewill"re-
Lamentationson9thofAb
j
Ecclesiastesn.ttheFeastof
member
2
thylovemorethan
2
wine:
°
theup-
Tabernacles
j
andEstherattheFeastofPurim.
rightlovethee.
FromthemostancienttimesithasformedpartoftheHebrewCanonicalScriptures.Itisapoembased
5,~
am
°
black,butcomely,0ye
0
daughters
onthetruefactsofastorywhichunfoldsitselfasit
ofJerusalem,asthetentsof
0
Kedar,
0
asthe
proceeds.Variousinterpretationshavebeengivenof
curtainsofSolomon.
it:the
literal,
the
allegorical,
andthe
typical.
ThealIe-
a
°
Looknotuponme,because
fj
am
black,
goricalembraceJehovahandIsrael(whichwasthe
because
0
thesunhathlookeduponme:my
viewoftheJewishcommentators)
j
theRomanCatholic
mother's
0
childrenwereangrywithme;they
viewsitoftheVirginMary
j
theProtestantcom-
mademethekeeperofthevineyards;
but
mentatorsviewitof"ChristandtheChurch";the
mineownvineyard
0
haveInotkept.
typicalviewregardsitasa
type
ofSolomon'snuptials,orasthatofChristandtheGentiles,Theallegorical
7
0
Tellme,0thouwhommy
0
soulloveth,
viewputsthecoarseflatteriesandlanguageof
a
se-
wherethou
0
feedest,wherethoumakest
thy
ducerintothelipsof"Christ",whichisinconsistent
flock
to
0
restatnoon:forwhyshouldIbe
withHisdignityandholiness(cp.6.
4-10,13;
7.
9).
It
asonethat
0
turnethaside
0
bytheflocksof
isthelanguageofseductionputintothemouthofHim
thycompanions?
"Whospakeasnevermanspake",
8
0
Ifthouknownot,0thoufairestamong
Thenumberofspeakersforbidsalltheinterpretations
fi
ti
t
whichdependontherebeingonly
two.
Thereare
women,gothywayorthbytheootsepsof
seven
inall,andtheycanbeeasilydistinguishedby
theflock,andfeedthykidsbesidetheshep-
theStructures:viz.
(1)
theShulamite;(2)thedaughters
herds'tents.
ofJerusalem;
(3)
Solomon:
<.t)
theshepherdloverof
9
0
Ihavecomparedthee,0
0
mylove,to
0
a
theShulamite;(5)thebrothersoftheShulanrite;(6)
companyofhorses
0
inPharaoh'schariots.
thecompanionsoftheshepherd;
(7)
theinhabitants________________________'ofJerusalem.Solomon's.Seenoteonp.920.
1.
1-11
(A,
p.920).'rHEINTRODUCTION.Introducingmostofthesevenspeakersofthebook:theShulamite's
soliloquy
ofherbelovedshepherd
(vv.
2-4.,7);
theking
(vv.
4,9-11);
thecOlll't-ladies
(vv.
5,8)
i
herbrothers
(v.
6).
(Tnirocersion
andAlternation.)
A
A
11.
SOLOMON'SongabouttheShulamite.
B
I
C
I
2-4.
THESHULAMITEoliloquizesaboutherbeloved(shepherd).D
I
5,6.
THECOURT-LADIESwhodisdainher)answered
by
theShulamite.
B
I
0
I
7.
THESRULAMITEoliloquizesaboutherbeloved(shepherd).,
DIM.
'rHECOURT-LADIESwhotellhertoreturn)answeredbythe
Shulamita,
A
I
9-11.
SOLOMON'SdmirationoftheShulamite.TheShulamitespeaks.ShehasbeentakenintoSolomon'stents,andsoliloquizesaboutherbeloved
(vv.
2,3);
sheimploreshimtocomeandrescueher
(v.
4)
j
sherepelsthescornofthecourt-ladies
(v.
6);
andimploresherbelovedtotellherwhereshemayfindhim
(v.
7);
thecourt-ladiesironicallyreply
(v.
s)
j
meanwhilethekingcomesinandcommencesbyexpressinghisadmiration
(vv.
9-11).
lit
Lethimkissme
=
Ohfor
a
kiss.him:i.e.theShulamite'sbeloved,theshepherd,fromwhomshehasbeentakenbySolomon.thyloveis=thyendearments[are].Heb.
dodim.
Onlyhere,
vv.
4,
10,10,
and7.12.Amanisaddressed.wine.Heb.
yayin.
Ap.
27.
I.3
Becauseofthesavour=Sweetistheodour.thyname
=
thou(emph.).Nameputfortheperson.Seenoteon
Ps,
20.
1.
virgins=damsels.Heb.
'iilamoth,
not
bethiiloth
(virgins).
4
Drawme,&c.=Drawmeafterthee,letusfleetogether!runafter=runtoanyoneforrefuge.theking.Thisexplainsthecircumstancesdescribedonp.921.chambers=innerapartments.remember
=
praise.theuprightlovethee
=
uprightoneshavelovedthee.
5
black
=
swarthy
(Fem.).
daughtersofJerusalem:
i.e.
theladiesofSolomon'Scourt.Kedar
=
dark.AllKedar'stentswereblack.as.SupplytheEllipsis(Ap.
6),
"[butcomely]asthecurtainsofSolomon".Requiredbythe
Alternation:-
a
I
swarthy.
I
a
I
asKedar'stents.b
I
comely.
b
I
asSolomon'Scurtains.
8
Looknotuponme=Looknotdownon:i.e.regardmenot.
Cp,
1
Chron.17.
17.
Ps.106.
H.
thesunhathlooked.Fig.
Prosopopceia
(Ap.6),toemphasisethecauseof'herswarthiness.children
=
sons:
i.
e.herbrothersarereferred
to
asspeakingasin2,
15,
andseenoteonp.
921
and
cp,
8.
8.
have
I
notkept
=
Ineverkept,Shesaysthistoshowtheharshtreatmentofherbrothers..,Tellme,&c.Againsoliloquizing.SeeStructureabove.soul.Heb.
nephesh,
Ap.13.feedeat
«
shepherdest.ThiscannotrefertoSolomon!rest=liedown.turnethaside=strayeth,orwandereth.by=to,oramong.
8
Ifthou,&c.Answerofthecourt-ladies:ironical.
9I
have,&c.Solomonnowspeakstoher.mylove
=my
friend,oronebeloved.Heb.
'l·a'yah.
Fem.here,
v.
15
j
2.2,10,13;
.t.
1,
7;
6.
4.
acompanyofhorses
=
mymare.inPharaoh'schariots
=
inthechariotofPharaoh.
AA
Be
(p.9
22)
Be
.A
922
 
E2
16
Behold,thou
art
fair,amybeloved,yea,pleasant:alsoour
0
bed
is
agreen.
17
Theabeamsofourhouse
are
acedar,
and
ouraraftersofafir.
1.
10.
SONG
OF
SOLOMON.
2.
8.
10
Thycheeksarecomelywithrows
of
1.
12-2.7
(e,
p.920).THESHULAM.ITEAND
jewels,
thyneckwithchains
ofgold.
HERBELOVED,TOGETHER.
11
WewillmaketheeabordersofgoldwithInthoroyaltents,awayfrom-Ierusalem(3.
6-11);
instudsofsilver.thoplacewherethecourt-ladiesfirstsawher
(6.12);
and"whilethekingisathistable".
e
El
I?
aWhil~thekinga
sitteth
athistable,amy
(RepeatedAlternation.)
(p.923)
splken~rdsendethforthtl?-e~mellthereof.
e
El11.12-14.THESHULAMlTEohershepherdlover.
13
Abundleofmyrrh
lS
mywellbelovedTheymeetandexchangetheirvows.untome;aheshalllieallnightbetwixtmyFl11.15.THEBELOVEDshepherd)totheShu-breasts.lamite.
(It
isthouwhoartbeautiful;not
1.)
14
aMybeloved
is
untome
as
aclusterofE211.
]6-2.~.
THESHULAMITEohershepherdlove.
D
camphireinthevineyardsofEn-gedi.(No.
It
IS
thouwhoartcomely;notI.)F212.2.THEBELOVEDshepherd)totheShu-
:p
15
Behold,thou
art
fair,amylove;behold,lamite.(Thouartmylovedone.)thou
art
fair;thou
hast
doves'eyes.E32.3-7.THESHULAMITEohershepherdlover:endingwithanapostrophetothecourt-ladiesnottoinciteorexciteheraffectionforanotherpersontillsheherselfdesiresit.Seenoteson"awake"(2.7)and"love"
(2.7),
and
cp.
3.5and
8.4.
11
borders
=
bead-rows.
12
Whilethekingsitteth,&c.Solomon'sad-vances
fail;
for,tohisflatterysheopposesherunabatedloveforhershepherdlover,withwhomshehasanin-
Fl
2
aAsthelilyamong
0
thorns,so
is
0
myloveterviewin
1.
12-2.
7.
sitteth.Supply"was".amongtheadaughters.myspikenard:
i.
e.hershepherdlover.sendeth=sent.
13
bundle
=
littlebag.mywellbeloved.Masculine,showingof,andtowhomsheisspeaking.heshalllie
=
it
(i,
e.thebagofmyrrh)willlodge.
14
Mybeloved.Masculine.Samewordas"
well-
beloved"in
v.
13.
camphire
=
henna,orcypressflowers.
15
mylove.HereitisFeminine,showingthattheshepherdloverisreplyingtohisbetrothed.Seenoteon
V.9.
16mybeloved.HereitisMasculine.TheShulam-itespeaksagain.bed=couch.green
=
verdant.
17
beamsofourhouse
=
ourbower.cedar=cedararches.rafters
=
retreat.fir
=
cypress
roof:
2.
1I
amtheroseofSharon:
i.
e.Iamamere
wild-flower
oftheplains:aflowerfoundingreatpro-fusion:disclaimingherlover'scompliment.the
==
a.
!;l
Asthelily=Asalily:theshepherd,takingupher
______________________-J
wordinhisreply.thorns.Seenoteon
2
Kings
14.9.
mylove
=
myfriend.
Heb.
m'yah.
Seenoteon
1.
9.
Feminineagain,showingthatitistheshepherdwhoisspeaking.daughters
=
damsels.Heb.
Mnoth,
fem.
pI.of
beyn,
ason.
3
theappletree.OccursonlysixtimesinScripture:fourtimesinthisbook(2.3,5;7.8;8.5);onceinProverbs(25.11);andonceinJoel
(1.
]2);
threetimesforthetree,andthreetimesforthefruit.Probablytheorangetree.thetreesofthewood:
i,
e.thewildtrees.mybeloved.Masculine.ShowingthatitistheShulamitespeaking.his=its.
4
banquetinghouse
=
vine-arbourorvineyard-bower.hisbannerovermewaslove~heovershadedmewithlove;
degel,
from
dagal,
toshade;thenanensignbecauseoftheshadeitgivesandprotectionwhichitensures.love.
Hob.
'aluibdh.
(Fem.),
Seenoteon
V.
7.
5
Stay=Strengthen.flagons=grape-cakes.comfort
=
efresh.of
=
with.
6
dothembrace
=
willembrace.
7I
charge=1adjure.
l1ou.
ThisandtheverbshereareMasculine.Itisnotuncommontofindthis:butwhenwedo,wefindtruefeminityhasbeenlost.roes
=
gazelles.stirnotup
=
excitenot.Heb.
'ur
(inthe
Hiphil).
awake=incite.Heb.
'ur
(inthe
Pielj
e
notto
rouse
fromsleep,buttoexcitethepassions.SeeIsa.42.
13.
Provo
10.
12.
mylove
=
myfeelingsoraffection(Fern.).tillhe
=
tillshe.
It
isFeminine,toagreewithlove,
'ahiib6.h=love
neverusedintheabstract,asin3.10,and
8.
4
(aperson).Thisisanappealtothe
eou
rt-IadiesnottotryandinciteheraffectionforSolomon.
2
a~
am
theroseofSharon,
and
athelilyofthevalleys.
3As
atheappletreeamong
0
thetreesoftheWOOd,so
is
o
mybelovedamongthesons.
I
satdownunderahisshadowwithgreatde-light,and
0
hisfruit
was
sweettomytaste.
4
Hebroughtmetotheabanquetinghouse,andahisbanneroverme
was
0
love.
5
aStaymewith
0
flagons,acomfortmewith
3
apples:for
S
am
sickaof
4
love.
6
Hislefthand
is
undermyhead,andhisrighthandadothembraceme.
7
0
I
charge
0
!!OU,
0
yedaughtersofJerusalem,bythearoes,andbythehindsofthefield,thatyeastirnotup.nor
0
awakea
my
love,atillheplease.
D
Gl
8
Theavoiceofamybeloved!behold,a
f)e
acomethleapinguponthemountains,°skippinguponthehills.
2.
8-3.5
(D,
p.
920).THESHULAMITEANDHERBELOVED,APART.(She,stillintheroyaltentsinthecountry,tellsthecourt-ladiesthestoryofher
Iove.)
(RepeatedAlternation.)
D
G!12.
8-14.
THESHULAMITEellsthecourt-ladiesaboutherbeloved:howheoncecamearidinvitedhertogooutwithhim.HI
I
2.
15.HINDEREDyherbrothers,shetellshowtheysetherataskinthevineyards.G212.
16,]7.
THESHULAMITEeUsthecourt-ladieshowshewaitedforherbelovedtocomeagainintheevening.H2
13.1-3.
HINDEREDythewatchmen,shetellshowshewentoutandsoughthim.G3
I
3.
4.
THESHULAMITEellsthecourt-ladieshowshefoundherbelovedagain.HSI3.5.HINDEREDythe
court-Iadies,
sheagainadjuresthemnottohinder,asbefore,in2.
7;
in3.
6,
andagainin~.
4.
8voice
=
sound:e.g.footsteps(Gen.3.
8).
mybeloved.Masculine.ShowingthattheShulamite
is
I
thespeaker.
l)e:
emphatic
=
this(veryone).cometh=came.skipping
=
bounding.923

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