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23 Daniel 1179-1206

23 Daniel 1179-1206

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Published by givethemtheword
°DANIEI_j.
p, II79) 497

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Be

Da

b

zar king of Babylon unto jerusalem, and besieged it. 2 And °the LORD* gave jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into c the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure 1. r-ar (A, p.1178). THE CAPTIVITY OF JUDAH. house of his god. HISTORICAL EVENTS CONNECTED WITH ITS BEGINNING. (Introlle1'sions and Alternation.) S And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the ma
°DANIEI_j.
p, II79) 497

AA

Be

Da

b

zar king of Babylon unto jerusalem, and besieged it. 2 And °the LORD* gave jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into c the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure 1. r-ar (A, p.1178). THE CAPTIVITY OF JUDAH. house of his god. HISTORICAL EVENTS CONNECTED WITH ITS BEGINNING. (Introlle1'sions and Alternation.) S And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the ma

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b
Da
l
OINthethirdyearofthereignofjehoia-kimkingofJudah°came
0
Nebuchadnez-zarkingofBabylonuntojerusalem,and
be-
siegedit.2And°the
LORD*
0
gavejehoiakimkingofJudahintohishand,with
0
partofthevesselsofthehouseof
0
God:whichhecarriedinto
c
thelandofShinartothehouseofhisgod;andhebroughtthevesselsintothetreasurehouseofhisgod.SAndthekingspakeuntoAshpenaz
0
themasterofhiseunuchs,thatheshouldbring
certain
ofthe
0
childrenofIsrael,
0
andoftheking'sseed,andofthe
0
princes!;4
0
Childreninwhom
was
noblemish,butwellfavoured,andskilfulinallwisdom,and°cunninginknowledge,andunderstandingscience,andsuchas
had
abilityinthemtostand°intheking'spalace,andwhomtheymightteachthe
0
learningandthe
0
tongueofthe
0
Chaldeans.5
And
thekingappointedthemadailyprovi-sionoftheking's
0
meat,andofthe
0
winewhichhedrank:sonourishingthem
0
three~ears,thatattheendthereoftheymightstandbeforetheking.
DANIEL=GOD[my]Judge,whichaccordswiththecharacterandcontentsofthebook.Danielwasoftheseed-royalofJudah.Seenoteon
11.
s,
HeismentionedthricebyEzekiel,hiscontemporary(14.
14,
20;28.s),andoncebyourLord.InMatt.24.15(Mark13.
U),
theLordreferredalsotoDan.8.13;9.27;11.31
j
12.11.InMatt.24.30;26.64.Mark14.62.Luke22.69,HereferredtoDan.7.1:1.InMatt.24.15-17,20-22,HereferredtoDan.12.1.
1.
r-ar
(A,
p.1178).THECAPTIVITYOFJUDAH.HISTORICALEVENTSCONNECTEDWITHITSBEGINNING.
(Introlle1'sionsandAlternation.)
A
A
I
I,
2.Thetime.B
I
C1
3.
Danielandhiscompanions.D
I
a1
4..
Theirattainments.b1
6.
Theirprovision.(Appointment.)
I
B
I
C
I
6,7.Danielandhiscompanions.
/.D
I'
b
1
R-16.
Their
provrsion.
(Resolve.)
a
117-20.Theirattainments.
A
I
21.Thetime.
1
nthethirdyear,&c.
It
wasinthethirdyearofJehoiakimthatNebuchadnezzarsetoutfromBaby-Ion;andDaniel,writingthere,speaksofthestarting,notofthearrivalatJerusalem.Seenoteon"came",below.InthefourthyearJehovahsaysbyJeremiah(25.9),"Iwillsend".Thedatewouldbe497
B.
c.andDaniel'ssixteenthyear,hebeingbornprobablyin513
B.
c.(Josiah'seighteenthyear).came=went,setout,orproceeded.Heb.
bll',
whichmeans
to
flO
or
come,
accordingtothecontextandthe
-----------------------!.
pointofview.Itisrendered"went"inGen.7.
9,
16;15.11.Ex.5.
I.
Num.8.22;14.
2~.
Judg.6.19;18.18.1Sam.17.12.2Sam.2.24;12.16;17.25;20.3,8.
1
Chron.2.21.Ps.66.12.Ezek.36.20,21,22;41.
3.
It
istranslated"
so",
inthesenseof
proceed
or
8etout,
inDeut.4.1;6.18;8.1;11.8;12.26;22.13;26.3.Josh.23.12.Ruth3.4.
I
Sam.25.
5,&C.
Jonah1.s,&c.
Tt
isrendered
"entered"
(ofsettingout)ineChron.27.2.Job38.16,22.Jer.9.21
j
14.18;17.26;22.4;.10;37.16.Lam.1.10.Ezek.44.2;46.2.Dan.11.40,41.Amos5.
5.
Obad.
11.
Zech.5.
i.
NebuchadnezzardidsetoutinJehoiakim'sthirdyear,butwasdelayedbyfightingthebattlewithPharaoh-necheatCarchemish.Inthenext(thefourth)year(Jer.46.2),hecarriedouttheobjectwithwhichhesetout.
Cp,
2Kings24.
I,
and
2
Chron.36.6,
7.
Nebuchadnezzar.Thisnameissospelt
(i,
e.with"n"insteadof"r")byBerosus(whowrotehishistoryfromthemonuments,
Cent.
5,
H.
o.),
Bothspellingswereinvogue.Ezekielusesthe"r";andJeremiahuses"r"beforech.27;andtheneighttimesthe"n"(27.6whereNebuchadnezzarisoncespeciallycalled,"fehovah'sappointedservant,
8,
20
j
28.3,
11,
Ii;
29.
1,
3);andafterthat,alwayswith"r"excepttwice(34.1;39.6).
It
isspeltwith"n"inzKinga24.
I,
10,
11;
25.
I,
8,22.1Chron.6.15.2Chron.36.6,7,10,
13.
Ezra
1.
7;2.
1.
Neh.7.6.Est.2.6).
la
the
LORD*.
Oneofthe134placeswherethe
Sopherim.
saytheyaltered"Jehovah
'I
oftheprimitivetextto"Adonai",SeeAp.32.gave.SeeIsa.39.6,7.Jer.25.
8-11.
Ezek.21.26,27.part.Otherswerebroughtlater(2Kings24.13.2Cbron.36.10).SeeEzra
1.
7forthesubsequentrestorationofthembyCyrus.God.Heb.Elohim.Ap.4.I.thelandofShinar.Ref.toPent.(Gen.10.10;11.
2
j
14.1,9).Ap.92.OutsidethePentateuchfoundonlyinJosh.7.
21
(Reb.text).Jsa,11.ri.Zech.5.
11
j
andhere.
3
themasterofhiseunuchs.Heb.
1'ab
l'arf~ifyn=masterorchiefoftheeunuchs;whencethetitle"Rab-saris"in2Kings18.17.Seenotethere.Called"prince"in
11.
7.children=80ns.and
e
even,orboth.Somecodices,withsixearlyprintededitions,omitthis"and":reading"sonsofIsrael,oftheking'sseed)'(or"seed-royal"),princes=nobles.Reb.
partem'im,
aPersianword,foundonlyhereandEst.1.3;6.9.Notthesamewordasin
1111.7,
8,10,
11,
&c.
4
Children=Youths.cunning=skilful.intheking'spalace.TheInscriptionsshowthattherewasapalaceschoolwithelaboratearrangementsforspecialeducation.Seebelowon"Chald,eans",andnoteson2.
2.
learning=character,orbooks.SeeProf.Sayee's
BabylonianLiterature:
whichshowstheexistenceofahugeliteratureandfamouslibraries,inwhichwerearrangementsforprocuringbooksfromthelibrarianasinourownday.Thesebooksrelatedtoallsubjects,andwereclassifiedaccordingtotheirsubjects(pp.12-14).tongue.Thiswasaspecialandimportantdepartment.Chaldeans.AnamenotpeculiartoDaniel.FromGenesisonwarditismetwith,especiallyinJeremiah.TheyweredistinctfromtheBabylonians(Jer.22.26.Ezek.23.23),andbelongedtoSouthBabylonia.Usedhereof
It
specialclass,wellknownassuchatthattime
(cp,
2.
2,
i,
5,
10),anddistinctalsofromotherlearnedclasses(2.
4).
Theword(Heb.
O~ta8dim)
isusedalsointhewidersenseofanationality(5.
30).
SeeDr.Pincheson
TheOldTe8tament,
p.371;Rawlinson's
HistoryofHerodotus,
vol,
i
j
pp.255,256;andLenormant's
TheAncientHistoryoftheEast,
i.
pp,
493-5.ISmeat=food.Reb.
pathbag.
APersianorAryanword.OccursonlyinDaniel.wine.Heb.
yayin.
Ap.27.I.threeyears.Say497,496,and495
B.C.
Seenoteon2.
1.
Itdoesnotsaytheseyearswereconcludedbeforetheeventsof
ch,
2tookplace.standbeforetheking.Ref.
to
Pent.(Gen.41.
'6).
°DANIEI_j.
AA
p,
II79)
497
Be
1179
 
Be
(p,
Il79)
497
BE
c
(p.
II8o)
495
Db
1.6.
DANIEL.
2.
1.
6Nowamongthesewereofthe
3
childrenofJudah,°Daniel,°Hananiah,°Mishael,and°Azariah:7Untowhomthe°princeoftheeunuchs°gavenames:forhegaveuntoDaniel
thename
of°Belteshazzar;andtoHananiah,of°Shadrach;andtoMishael,of°Meshach;andtoAzariah,of°Abed-nego.8ButDaniel°purposedinhisheartthathewouldnot°defilehimselfwiththeportionoftheking'smeat,norwiththe
5
winewhichhedrank:thereforeherequestedofthe
7
princeoftheeunuchsthathemightnotdefilehimself.9Now°GodhadbroughtDanielintofavourand°tenderlovewiththe
7
princeofthe
eunuchs,
10°Andthe
7
princeoftheeunuchssaiduntoDaniel,,,~fearmylordtheking,whohathappointedyourmeatandyourdrink:forwhyshouldheseeyourfaces°worselikingthanthe
4
childrenwhich
are
of°yoursort?thenshallyemakemeendangermyheadtotheking."11ThensaidDanielto°Melzar,whomthe
7
princeoftheeunuchshadsetoverDaniel,Hananiah,Mishael,andAzariah,12"Provethyservants,Ibeseechthee,tendays;andletthemgive°us°pulsetoeat,andwatertodrink.13Thenletourcountenancesbelookeduponbeforethee,andthecountenanceofthe
4
chil-drenthateatoftheportionoftheking's
5
meat:andasthouseest,dealwiththyservants."14Soheconsentedtotheminthismatter,andprovedthemtendays.15Andattheendoftendaystheircounte-nancesappearedfairerandfatterinfleshthanallthe+childrenwhichdideattheportionoftheking's
5
meat.16Thus
11
Melzartookawaytheportionoftheir
5
meat,andthe
5
winethattheyshoulddrink;andgavethem
12
pulse.17
As
forthesefour
4
children,
9
Godgavethemknowledgeandskillinall
4
learningandwisdom:andDanielhad°understandinginallvisionsanddreams.18Nowattheendofthedaysthatthekinghadsaidheshouldbringthemin,thentheB
7
princeoftheeunuchsbroughttheminbefore
1
Nebuchadnezzar.19Andthekingcommunedwiththem;andamongthemallwasfoundnonelike
6
Daniel,
6
Hananiah,
6
Mishael,and
6
Azariah:there-forefistoodtheybeforetheking.20Andinallmattersofwisdom
and
17
under-.standing,thatthekingenquiredofthem,hefoundthemtentimesbetterthanallthe°ma-gicians°
and
astrologersthat
were
inallhisrealm.21AndDaniel°continued
even
unto°tqefirstyearofkingCyrus.
a
6Daniel
=
GodismyJudge.SeenoteontheTitle.
Hananiah
e
Jahisgracious;or,graciouslygivenby
.Tah.
Mishael
=
whois(orisas)El?Ap.4.IV.Azariah=helpedofJah,orJahhashelped.
7
prince=ruler.Heb.
sar.
gavenames.IntokenofSUbjection.See
2
Kings23.34;24.17.
Cp,
Gen.41.45.Belteshazzar.AccordingtoDr.Pinches,thisisanabbreviatedformofBalat-su-usur
=
protectthou(0Bel)hislife.Manysuchabbreviationsarefoundintheinscriptions;butcp."Belshazzltr"(5.
I).
Shadrach.AccordingtoDelitzsch=Sudur-Aku(=commandofAIm,themoon-god).Meshach.PerhapsMisha-Aku=whois
as
AIm?Abed-nego
=
servantorworshipperofNego.
It
isnotwisetosupposethistobeacorruptionof
Abed-nebo,
whileanydaythenamemaybemetwithintheInscriptions.
8
purposedinhisheart
=
madeuphismind.
Op,
Provo23.7.defilehimself,&c.Thiswasbecausemeatwaskilledwiththeblood(contrarytoLev.3.17;7.26;17.
IO-}4;
19.26),andofferedtoidols(Ex.34.15.
I
Cor.10.20.
Op.
Acts15.29).Notbecausetheywereactingonvegetarianandtemperanceprinciples.
9
God.Heb.Elohim(withArt.)=the[Triune]God.Ap.
4.I.
tenderlove=compassion.
10
And:or,Yet.worseliking
=
sadder:i.e.thinandsad-looking.
Cp.
Matt.6.16.yoursort
=
yourownage.
11
Melzar.Heb.=the
melzar
=thestewardorbutler,whohadchargeofthewine,&c.
12
us.The1611editionoftheA.V.omitted"us".pulse
=
egetablefood(toavoidtheidol-taintedmeat).
17
understanding=discernment.
20
magtotansandastrologers.Seenoteson
2.
2.and.Somecodices,withSept.,Syr.,and
V~llg.,
readthis"and"inthetext.
21
continued=continuedinoffice.Seefirst
occ.
Ex.25.
30:
also27.20;28.29,30,38;29.38,42;30.8:&c.
Cp,
Ezek.39.
14,
"continualemployment".thefirstyearofkingCyrus:i.e.duringthewholeperiodofBabyloniansupremacyoverIsraelforsixty-nineyears(495-426=69).
It
doesnotsaythathedidnotcontinuelonger,butthathelivedtoseethatimportantepoch.
Op.
10.1;andseeAp.57,and58.
2.
1-49
(B,
p.
1178).THEDREAMOFNEBU-CHADNEZZAR.THEDURATIONOFGENTILEDOMINION.
(Alte1'nationsandIntroversion.)
E\c
1
1-3.Chaldeansbroughtin.}d
I
4-9.King'srequisition.Chaldeans.e
I
10,
II.
Theirinability.F
G
f112-16.King'sresent-)ment.g/17,18.DanielandSus-others.pense.H119-23.Revela-
I
tion.
E
I
C
I
24,
25.Danielbroughtin.}
d
I
26,27.King'srequisition.Daniel.
e
I
28-30.Daniel'sability.
FH
1
31-45.commu-lnication.
G
f
I
46-48.King'sgrati-Cap-
I
tude.(tivity.
9
I
49.Danieland
I
others.
J
A
2
°Andin°thesecondyearofthereignof°NebuchadnezzarNebuchadnezzardream-eddreams,wherewithhis°spiritwastroubled,andhissleep°brakefromhim.
1And.Thuslinkingonthischapterofmomentousprophecywithch.1,whichispurehistory.----------------------~thesecondyear:495
B.C.
(Daniel'seighteenthyear).ThereforeJehoiakim'sfifthyear,theyearoftheburningoftherollwhichmarkedtheofficialrejectionofJehovah.HenceNebuchadnezzar'sdream.DanielwasinBabylon,andwritesfromthatstandpoint.Thesupposeddifficultyisaproofofgenuineness
j
forthewriterwouldhavebeenafoolaswellasaforgertohaveleftitunexplained.Nebuchadnezzar.Seenoteon
1.
I.
spirit.Heb.
ruact:
Ap.9.bra.kefrom
e
hadbeenupon:i.e.hadnowgonefrom.
-------------------------------------_1
1180
 
d
(p.
uSo)
2.2.DANIEL.2.21.
495
2
Thenthekingcommanded
a
tocallthe
2
tocall,&c.
=
osendfor.Thistellsusofthe
a
magicians,andthe
a
astrologers,andthereligioussystemofBabylonia,ofwhichsubsequent
a
sorcerers,andthe
a
Chaldeans,fortoshewJewishcommentatorsandGreektranslatorswouldthekinghisdreams.Sotheycameandstoodknowlittleornothing.Thereweresixclassesofthebeforetheking.Chaldeanpriesthood.3Andthekingsaiduntothem,
0"
I
havemagicians.Reb.
c1J.a1·tummim.
Connectedwiththe
kharutu
(thesceptre)orrodofofficeofthosewhodreamedadream,andmy
1
spirit
a
wastrou-repelleddemonsandevilspiritsbyincantations,&c.bledtoknowthedream."astrologers.Reb.
'ashshaphim=in
Babylonian,
asipi,
4Thenspakethe2Chaldeanstotheking
a
inprophetswhoassumedtoannouncethewillofheaven
S.
k
a
0
k'
I'
&
t11thandpredictthefuture.Thesewereaclassapartfromynac,"mg,rverorever:eytheothers.Theinscriptionsspeakof
babAssaput=the
servantsthedream,andwewillshewthein-gateoftheoracle;alsoof
bitAssaput
=
thehouseoftheterpretation."oracle.5Thekingansweredandsaidtothe
2
Chal-sorcerers.Reb.
melcashshphim=wizard
(Ex.7.
11;
deans,"Theathingisagonefromme:ifye
22.
t
s,fem.Deut.
18.
10,
fern.
Mal.
3.
5,
fem.),
willnotmakeknownuntomethedream,withChaldeans.Reb.
Kasdim.
Seenoteon
1.
4.
theinterpretationthereof,yeshallbe
a
cutin
3I
havedreamed.Contrastthis.withDaniel'spieces,andyourhousesshallbe
a
madeavision,intheStructureonp.
1178;
andnotetheotherdunghill.recordeddreams(Gen.
20.
3).
6Butifyeshewthedream,andtheinterpre-was=is.tt·th
f
II
f'ftsd
4
inSyriack.Reb.
'cL1·amith=Aramaic.
Thein-aIonereo,yeshareceive
0
meglansertionofthiswordhereistocallourattentiontoarewardsandgreathonour:thereforeshewthefactthatwhatfollowsiswrittennotinRebrew,methedream,andtheinterpretationthereof."butinAramaic,asfarastheendofch.7.Seenoteon
7
Theyansweredagainandsaid,"LetthetheStructure,p.
1178;
andnotetheotherAramaickingtellhisservantsthedream,andwewillportions(Ezra.
4.
8-6.18
and7.
12-26;
alsoJer.
10.11.
shewtheinterpretationofit."TheSyriacandChaldeeareproperlyWesternand8Thekingansweredandsaid,,,~knowofEasternAramaic.certaintythat
)lc
wouldagainthetime,because0king.ThisisthefirstAramaicwordsowritten.yeseethethingis
5
gonefromme.
Cp,3.
9;
5.
10;
6.
6,21.
Neh.
2.
3.
9Butifyewillnotmakeknownuntomethe
5
thing.Thedream.dream,
thereisbut
onedecreeforyou:foryegonefromme.Referringtotheforgottendream.hdI.dtdtcut...madeadunghill.
Cp,3.
29.
Ezra
6.
11.
aveprepare
ymg
ancorrupwor
S0A
furthermodeofpunishment,fromtheMedo-speakbeforeme,tillthetimebechanged:Persians,in
6.
7.
thereforetellmethedream,and
I
shallknow
6
rewards.Chald.
nebizbiih=a
present.thatyecanshewmetheinterpretationthere-
8
gainthetime
=
gaintime.
It
mayhavereferenceof."tothatdaybeinganunluckyday.
Cp,
Est.
3.
7.
10
T2Ch
I
dbethki
10
man.Chald.
'enash.
Ap.
14.
III.headeansanswereforeemg,earth.Chald.
beshta'
=
dryground.andsaid,"Thereisnota
0
manuponthe
11
not.Isemphatic.Theyheldthattherewere
a
earththatcanshewtheking'smatter:godswhodweltinmen.Butthesewerebeyondmortaltherefore
thereis
noking,lord,norruler,menaltogether.
that
askedsuchthingsatany
2
magician,or
12
wisemen:
i.
e.themembersofalltheclasses
2
astrologer,or
2
Chaldean,collectively,mentionedin
v.
2
above.Chald.
c1J,iikam,
II
And
it
is
ararethingthatthekingrequir-denotingacquiredwisdom.eth,andthereisnoneotherthatcanshewit
13
fellows
=
companions.beforetheking,exceptthegods,whosedwell-
14
counselandwisdom
=
prudenceanddiscretion.ingis
a
not
withflesh."Arioch.AnancientBabylonianname,preservedandhandeddownfromGen.
14.
1
=
ri-Alcu.
12Forthiscausethekingwasangryandguard~executioners.
Op,
Gen.
37.
36;
39.
1;
40.
3.
veryfurious,andcommandedtodestroyall
2
Kings
25.
8.
Jer.
39.
9.
the
a
wise
men
ofBabylon.
16
givehimtime
=
appointhimatime.
13
Andthedecreewentforththatthe
12
wise
17
Hananiah,&c.Seenoteon
1.
6.
men
shouldbeslain;andtheysoughtDaniel
18
mercies-egreatmercy.Fig.
Heterosis
(ofNum-andhis
a
fellowsto
be
slain.b~i~~!::·before.
14
ThenDanielansweredwith
a
counselandtheGodofheaven.Seenoteon
2
Chron.
36.
23.
wisdomto
a
Ariochthecaptainoftheking'sGod.Chald.
'eliih,
Ap.
4.
I.
a
guard,whichwasgoneforthtoslaythesecret.Chald.
riie,
whichtheSept.renders
musterion.
12
wise
men
ofBabylon:OccursinO.T.onlyhere,in
VV.
18,
19,
27,
as,
29,
30,H,
15
Heansweredandsaidto
14
Ariochthe
47
j
and
4.
9.
Notthesamewordasin
v.
22.
king'scaptain,"Why
is
thedecreesohasty
20
answeredandsaid.Seenote
011
Deut.
1.
41.
fromtheking?"Then
14
Ariochmadethethingforeverandever
e-
fromagetoage.SeeAp.knowntoDaniel.
151.
16
ThenDanielwentin,anddesiredofthe
21
iechangeth,&c.Cp.
v.
9
j
7.25.1
Chron.
29.
kingthathewouldagivehimtime,andthat
30.
Job
34.
24-29.
Ps.
31.
14,15.
Ecc.
3.
1-8.
Jer.hewouldshewthekingtheinterpretation.
27.
5-7._
17
ThenDanielwenttohishouse,andmade
19
Thenwasthe
18
secretrevealedunto
H
thethingknownto
a
Hananiah,Mishael,andDanielinanightvision.ThenDanielblessedAzariah,hiscompanions:the
18
Godofheaven.
I
18
Thattheywoulddesire
0
mercies
a
of
a
the
20
Daniel
0
answeredandsaid,"Blessedbe
I
a
Godofheavenconcerningthis
a
secret;thatthenameof
18
Godaforeverandever:forDanielandhis
18
fellowsshouldnotperishwithwisdomandmightareHis:therestofthe
12
wise
men
ofBabylon.21And
a
~echangeththetimesandthe
1181
e
FGf

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