3in the east for 2933 kms. The Tropic of Cancer 23½° North runs across thecountry and divides it into two equal halves. Obviously, India is the seventhlargest country with respect to area. It is four times bigger than Pakistan andthreetimessmallerthanUSA.ThusIndiais“neitherapigmynoragiantamongthe nations of the world”.
Position and Relation
India has a predominant position in the Indian Ocean realm. No othercountry has such a large coast line. The Deccan Peninsula projects itself intothe Indian Ocean thus making it possible for India to look both ways -towards Africa and Europe from its western coast and towards South EastAsia and the Far East from its eastern coast. The tapering topographyof landfavoursmonsoonal climateto promoteagriculturalactivities.India’sposition isfavourable for trade, commerce and economic activities by connecting Indiawith Europe through Suez Canal and also with China, Japan andAustraliathrough Malaccan strait.
India and its boundaries
The countries which border India are Bhutan, Nepal and China in thenorth, Pakistan andAfganistan in the west and Bangladesh and Myanmar inthe east. Palk strait separates India and Srilanka in the south. Himalayas alongwith Hindukush and Karakoram provide a natural boundary in the north.Pakistan in the west and Bangladesh in the east are manmade boundariesdemarcated bymutual agreements. The Islands ofAndaman and Nicobar andLakshadweep are the parts of Indian Union situated in Bay of Bengal andArabian sea respectively.
India - a sub continent
A continent has varied characteristics of diversed physical features,climatic conditions, natural vegetation, mineral resources, human habitation,culturalnormsandancientethnicandlinguisticgroups,etc.Allthesedistinctivecharacteristics are found in India. Hence we consider India as a subcontinent.