(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2011
Contour Based Algorithm for Object Tracking
A. M. Sallam, O. M. Elmouafy, R. A. Elbardany, A. M. Fahmy
Egyptian Armed ForcesEgyptahmed_wesam@hotmail.com
Video tracking system raises a wide possibility intoday’s society. These systems are be used in various applicationssuch as military, security, monitoring, robotic, and nowadays inday-to-day applications. However the video tracking systems stillhave many open problems and various research activities in avideo tracking system are explores. This paper presents analgorithm for video tracking of any moving target with the use of edge detection technique within a window filter. The proposedsystem is suitable for indoor and out door applications. Ourapproach has the advantage of extending the applicability of tracking system and also, as presented here it improves theperformance of the tracker making feasible to be more accuratein detection and tracking objects. The goal of the tracking systemis to analyze the video frames and estimate the position of a partof the input video frame (usually a moving object), our approachcan detect and track any moving object and calculate its position.Therefore, the aim of this paper is to construct a motion trackingsystem for moving object. Where, at the end of this paper, thedetail outcome and results are discussed using experimentalresults of the proposed technique.
Contour-based video tracking , Tracking system,image tracking, edge detection techniques, Video Tracking, window filter tracking.
The problem of object tracking can be considered aninteresting branch in the scientific community and it is still anopen and active field of research , . This is a very usefulskill that can be used in many fields including visual serving,surveillance, gesture based human machine interfaces, videoediting, compression, augmented reality, visual effects, motioncapture, medical and meteorological imaging, etc… , .In the most approaches, an initial representation of the to-be-tracked object or its background is given to the tracker thatcan measure and predict the motion of the moving objectrepresentation overtime.The most of the existing algorithms depends upon thethresholing technique or feature that extracted from the objectto be tracked or combined it with the thresholding to try toseparate the object from the background , , . In thispaper our proposed algorithm try to solve the tracking problemusing contour-based video object tracking (i.e. we extractingthe contour of the target and detect it among the wholesequence of frames using a mean of edge detection techniqueto resolve the problem of getting the contour of the target thatbeen tracked with good result that will be seen later).Object tracking is a very specific field of study within thegeneral scope of image processing and analysis. Human canrecognize and track any object perfectly, instantaneously, andeffortlessly even the presence of high clutter, occlusion, andnon-linear variations in background, target shape, orientationand size. However, it can be an overwhelming task for amachine! There are partial solutions, but the work is stillprogressing toward a complete solution for this complexproblem .The remains of this paper, we will explain our literaturereview in Section 2. Then, in Section 3, we describe theDesirable system features and algorithms necessary forsuccessful system. In section 4 we describe the systemarchitecture (implementation environment of the system), andthe proposed algorithm that will be used in our method. InSection 5, the experimental results and comparison between theproposed algorithm with feature extraction based algorithm and the temporal filtration algorithm. Finally, in Section 6 wewill discuss and Analysis of the obtained results from section 5.II.
In the recent times the vast number of algorithms has beenproposed in the field of object tracking. An even greaternumber of solutions have been constructed from thesealgorithms, many solving parts of the puzzle that makescomputer vision so complex.One technique proposed to use the small chromatic-spaceof human skin along with facial such as eyes, mouth and shapeto locate faces in complex color images. Yang and Ahuja investigated such an object localization techniques, whereexperimental results concluded, “human faces in color imagecan be detected regardless of size, orientation or viewpoint.” Inthe above paper it was illustrated that the major difference inskin color across different appearances was due to intensityrather than color itself. McKinnon  also used in similar skinfiltration based theory to implement a multiple object trackingsystem. McKinnon stated that his solution was often limited bythe quality of the skin sample supplied initially. Further to this,in real-time environment the lack of or excessive level of lightcould cause the performance to suffer. The drawback of skincolor systems is that they can only track objects containingareas of skin-color-like areas in the background may beconfused with real regions of interest. As such they are notsuitable for use in all applications and hence are often limitedin their use . The most two popular methods for imagesegmentation used in the object tracking field are temporal