Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
ERP-Communication Framework: Aerospace Smart factory & Smart R&D Campus

ERP-Communication Framework: Aerospace Smart factory & Smart R&D Campus

Ratings: (0)|Views: 71 |Likes:
Published by ijcsis
The advancement in management information systems and business intelligence has changed the dynamics of knowledge management. The integration of ERP module for strategic-collaboration among industry-R&D departments with university-wide “Smart-campus” has further reiterated the target focused team environment coupled with value-based corporate-culture. The integration of academia R&D units with industrial-production-units for knowledge-management as well as resource-management is becoming extremely multifaceted. Efforts are now targeted at evolving a “dynamic knowledge management model for higher education and for optimizing the knowledge-diffusion of “University-R&D programs”. This indeed fosters the vision of E-Commerce to K-Commerce for knowledge based economy. The philosophy of competitiveness demands that the integrated framework for ERP adoption be planned for complex-structured organizations prior to its deployment. This is meant so as to minimize ERP deployment-span in terms of time and to curtail financial overheads. This paper provides various dimensions of planning communication system-strategy for ERP in complex-structured organization through mapping of activities for Aerospace departments involved in R&D programs vis-à-vis academia-Industry collaborative-joint ventures.
The advancement in management information systems and business intelligence has changed the dynamics of knowledge management. The integration of ERP module for strategic-collaboration among industry-R&D departments with university-wide “Smart-campus” has further reiterated the target focused team environment coupled with value-based corporate-culture. The integration of academia R&D units with industrial-production-units for knowledge-management as well as resource-management is becoming extremely multifaceted. Efforts are now targeted at evolving a “dynamic knowledge management model for higher education and for optimizing the knowledge-diffusion of “University-R&D programs”. This indeed fosters the vision of E-Commerce to K-Commerce for knowledge based economy. The philosophy of competitiveness demands that the integrated framework for ERP adoption be planned for complex-structured organizations prior to its deployment. This is meant so as to minimize ERP deployment-span in terms of time and to curtail financial overheads. This paper provides various dimensions of planning communication system-strategy for ERP in complex-structured organization through mapping of activities for Aerospace departments involved in R&D programs vis-à-vis academia-Industry collaborative-joint ventures.

More info:

Published by: ijcsis on Aug 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/13/2011

pdf

text

original

 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2011
M. Asif Rashid
Dept of EngineeringManagement National Universityof Science &Technology(NUST) Pakistan
Erol Sayin
Karabuk UniversityTurkey
HammadQureshi
SEECS,(NUST)Pakistan
Muiz-ud-DinShami
 CAE, National
University of Science &Technology(NUST)Pakistan
 Nawar Khan
 
Dept of EngineeringManagement(NUST)Pakistan
Ibrahim H.Seyrek ,
 
GaziantepUniversity.
 Abstract 
 — 
The advancement in management informationsystems and business intelligence has changed the dynamics of knowledge management. The integration of ERP module forstrategic-collaboration among industry-R&D departments withuniversity-wide “Smart-campus” has further reiterated thetarget focused team environment coupled with value-basedcorporate-culture. The integration of academia R&D units withindustrial-production-units for knowledge-management as wellas resource-management is becoming extremely multifaceted.Efforts are now targeted at evolving a “dynamic knowledgemanagement model for higher education and for optimizing theknowledge-diffusion of “University-R&D programs”. Thisindeed fosters the vision of E-Commerce to K-Commerce forknowledge based economy. The philosophy of competitivenessdemands that the integrated framework for ERP adoption beplanned for complex-structured organizations prior to itsdeployment. This is meant so as to minimize ERPdeployment-span in terms of time and to curtail financialoverheads. This paper provides various dimensions of planningcommunication system-strategy for ERP in complex-structuredorganization through mapping of activities for Aerospacedepartments involved in R&D programs vis-à-visacademia-Industry collaborative-joint ventures.
 
1
 
Keywords:
Aerospace
smart
 
factry, ERP communicationstrategy, Communication channels, Technology diffusion.
1.
 
INTRODUCTION
To gain access to realms of automation, the pre-eminence of IT based decision support systems (DSS), Enterprise resource planning systems (ERP) needs total alignment with totalquality management (TQM)[1,2] , organizational culture and  business strategy [3-5]. The realization of adoption of thisvery concept is yet another area which academic institutestotally miss out during the campaign of successfuldeployment and technology diffusion[6] of ERP[7]. Academic institutes are also handicapped to realize the benefits of having corporate wide automated, competitive,informed and supportive (ACIS) leadership and management[8,9]. Which reiterates the need of an integrated framework  to deploy ERP [10]. A total alignment of all projects
1
 
 A diminutive part of the research under the NUST R&D sponsorship program was published in IAENG conference proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2010 Vol I; WCE-2010, London, ISBN: 978-988-17012-9-9 on June 30-July-2010.
 
deliverables is the key to the success for an industry, which anERP-suite offers to a complex industry likeaerospace-industry. However, due to various reasons duringthe process of ERP implementation intelligentsia andmanagers are unable to fully diffuse and deploy theknowledge-areas[11-13]. It is considered to be a challenge for intelligentsia and field managers to jump start the ERPimplementation in a hybrid environment vis-à-visacademia-Industry collaborative-joint R&D ventures[14].
Methodology:
In this paper the literature review based analysis would beconducted to extract the communication system framework strategy for ERP module. The best practices of nationalinstitute of aeronautics (NASA) [15]would be utilized to build up a framework of communication for effectivediffusion of knowledge areas in the ERP-module. Themethodology for planning and implementation would be proposed in light with technology diffusion theory [6].Thevalidation of the proposed model is undertaken based on acase study at an aerospace industrial unit. The research work is based on the best working practices and methodologiesextracted from the previous research-work in other industries.Qualitative and quantitative analysis are conducted based onunstructured interviews coupled with case-study validated viaFP-Growth algorithm in favor of the proposedERP-communication framework. The “what if” analysis for  probabilistic communication framework conducted thoroughheuristic, FP-growth-algorithm[16] becomes the basis for Scenario planning [17] [18]for aerospace smart factory[19].
2.
 
L
ITERATURE
REVIEW:
 
ERP-D
IFFUSION
 
 Absorption capability of follower country & collaboration programs:
The organizations and countries requiring advancedtechnologies absorbed technology-sources withoutconsidering whether they were even capable of absorbingthose. It was observed [20] that absence of this capabilitymade either the whole transfer to be a failure or led therecipient country to a perpetual dependency on the suppliers
ERP-Communication Framework:
Aerospace Smartfactory & Smart R&D Campus
116http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2011
of technology. A larger degree of independence amongcollaborating-partners of technology transfer program addedto the complexity for technology diffusion [11,21] . The diffusion of technology involved technical and non technical parameters among the participating organizations andindustries this process got more complex while diffusion wastaking place from an advanced organization to a developingcountry organization, where the organizational, informationaland even the social environment might not be sufficient toadapt this process [20,22,23].
Competitiveness, Willingness through TQM 
Global competitiveness requirements and deregulatoryenvironment has added further dimensions to industriesaround the world. The will to survive in such environmentdemands a continuous effort by organizations to acquireadvanced technologies in spite of having discontinuities of technology acquisitions in the past . Which emphasize changemanagement strategies[2,24]. The leadership must strive for  willingness of internal customers to adapt to a newtechnology for the purpose of diffusion in corporate culture;so as to satisfy external customers and to stay in businessthrough timely technological advances in terms of ERPsuites[8,9] .
 Literature Review of non-classical DOI Model for CSFs for deployment of IT techniques
The philosophy of, Non classical model [12] elucidated anumber of additional critical success factors (CSFs) whichcan influence ERP, diffusion of technology (
 D.O.T.)
. Theresearch work model argued that; for complex and multi user technology (like IT); communication-channels and socialsystem play a vital role. Whereas, social system is a productof leadership, management, administration, PEST {political,socio-economical, technological influences (opinion leaders& change agents)} [12]. The model of D.O.T., in IT-Industrywas used to determine factors or enablers responsible for knowledge-communication to members of social systems inan aerospace-academia-R&D-industry-environment.Researcher provided a conceptual view of the classical & nonclassical model and market situation relevant to industry. In ahigh knowledge burden Industry or where there exist highuser interdependencies characterize D.O.T., is a functions of variables of classical D.O.T., theory , managerial influences,critical-mass, absorptive capacity,implementation-characteristics and national-institutions tolower knowledge barriers. The utilization of same modelhelped in extracting relevant parameters for aircraftmanufacturing industry. The parameters which were relevantto aerospace-academia-R&D-industry-environment for diffusion of enterprise resource planning systems wereextracted for utilization in this research-study.
 Literature Review of Canadian Aviation Cluster 
Canadian aviation cluster [25] indicated that supply chainmanagement (SCM) would be a critical success factor for meeting in time production challenges supply of material andfinished products from upstream source. These SCMactivities could be augmented by ERP system for optimizedlogistics, inventory management and ware-housemanagement.
 Deficiency in existing Literature and methodology of research work to propose a integrated ERP framework 
While there has been lot of research in other industries for specific models in specialized fields, limited contribution has been there for making a comprehensive framework for ERP-communication module and its implementation inaviation industry. Primarily the complexity of aircraftmanufacturing industry and business challenges demand anexhaustive planning hence present research work shall focusto extract the best working practices, tools and research fromother industries. These elements shall then be aligned inmajor categories to build up an entry level framework for aviation industry.
3.
 
R
OLE OF
IT
 
&
 
ICT.
Organizational and Functional Aspects:
Management information systems (MIS) and informationtechnology can play a pivotal role for communication of technological knowledge and technovations. The MISdepartments in any academic institute andAerospace-smart-factory typically provide decision supportsystems (DSS), industry specific CAD /CAM software,material resource planning software (MRP) and ERP systems.“IT”, provides technology to support all the functions of MISincluding hardware as well as software support. “IT” is a toolwhich can be utilized in various dimensions by leadership, topmanagement, operations, production, finance andadministration.
“IT” can pr 
ovide a set of integrated systemtools (software as well as hardware) for DSS, BI, projectmanagement, SCM, MRP, CAD, CAM, financial analysis andHRM analysis. The system can attain the shape of ERP onceintegrated across the corporate functions through singleauthoritative database management system. During D.O.T,the security and flow of technovations would be managedthrough the state of art “IT” coupled withoptimized-communication-strategy. Conversely, D.O.T, for organization’s functions, processes and operations can also bemanaged and expedited through use of optimized-communication-strategy.
 Information Distribution Network & Security of Information:
In a typical multi-national manufacturing industry, the production and machine departments might be locatedoffshore. “IT” would provide World Wide Web networks todistribute technological and business specific objectives to allstakeholders through optimized-communication-circles [26].“IT” utilizes satellite networks, earth stations and routingequipments to distribute industry specific informationthrough wide area networks (WAN), metropolitan networks(MAN) and local area networks (LAN). The security of information could be ensured by employing hardware andsoftware firewalls which can have integrated bulk encryptionand decryption units. All bulk encryption and decryption unitsmay employs specific algorithms tailored to address the fulldomain of organizational-specific security-polices.Intrusion-detection-systems could be employed to provide
117http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2011
extensive-security for data-warehouse and sensitivemanufacturing design and technology knowledge-areas.
 Processes & Equipment Automation:
Typically an Aerospace department is implicated in R&D programs vis-à-vis joint Industry collaborative ventures [23].“IT/ICT” in the form of ERP can assist in providing state of the art software as well as hardware. Which can be employedfor optimized and accurate calculation of computer aideddesign (CAD), computer aided manufacturing (CAM),computer simulations, automated wind tunnel testing, performance parameters evaluation, performance parametersanalysis, and computer assisted research & development for  prototype-product-manufacturing. This is followed bysubsequent serial batch production of product after exhaustiveinterventions by quality control and quality assurancedepartments.4. ERP-Communication MediumA main element in the diffusion of ERP technology iscommunication channel. The manner in which information iscommunicated is critical to the success or failure of anERP-DOT project. As technologies become more complex,communicating those technologies to the marketplace and tothe users becomes more demanding.Research has shown that NASA employed both informal andformal communications to disseminate its research andtechnology to the Aviation and space industries [15]. Therecommendations relevant to D.O.T, recommended followingtwo channels of communication for D.O.T:-
(a.)
 
 Informal communication channels
: covering peer to peer, collegial contacts, liaison among academia,industry and government communication.
(b.)
 
 Formal communication channels
: based on publications, periodicals, policies standards operating procedures and seminar-presentation.As per NASA, [15] ,in one of the research-study “80% of therespondents used electronic networks in their professionalwork, but half of the respondents considered the computer networks to be neither important nor unimportant.Respondents used electronic networks more frequently for internal rather than external communication. Libraries playeda vital role in providing NASA and DOD technical reports totheir intended aerospace users and collaborating partners”.As per NASA [15], the informal system was not as efficient if stakeholders had limited knowledge. On the other handformal communication was found to be difficult because itemployed a one-way, source-to-user transmission and because it relied heavily on information intermediaries andmediators. Hence in this research, it is proposed that duringD.O.T, process formal channels may be employed to enhancethe rate of knowledge acquisition and subsequent transfer. Ageneric model of communication may be used to highlightsD.O.T, objectives and policies. These policies could bederived through vision and relevant objectives that could beimplemented through defined mission & strategy.Communication success factors may depend on the followingfactors in an “aerospace-academia-R&D-industry-environment”:(a)
 
Clear vision to communicate.(b)
 
Customer focused attitude as well as Industryspecific focus.(c)
 
Taking action as per defined strategy.(d)
 
Rapid deployment of communication channelsthrough participative communication.The resultant output will be observed as in the form of goaloriented behaviour. This communication concept for aircraftmanufacturing industry is elucidated infigure 1. The proposed building modules of theD.O.T-communication-model are Vision, Policies,Communication mechanism, Communication channels, Goaloriented behaviour and a feed back mechanism. This model is based on the research model presented by NASA [15], whichhas been modified in light with diffusion .of innovationtheory [6], commensurate to“aerospace-academia-R&D-industry-environment” [11,20, 21,26] .
5.
 
V
ITAL
A
RTIFACTS
&
 
P
OLICIES
F
OR
ERP-C
OMMUNICATION
A typical set of “Technology Knowledge policies” and goalsfor distribution through communication circles to typical setof departments could be following based on earlier researchwork “Fichman-Model[12].There are a number of modifications incorporated in Fichman-Model based onSWOT analysis specific toaerospace-academia-R&D-industry-environment: The CSFsare as follows:ure: 1 Aircraft manufacturing industry Communication systemFramework 
118http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->