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Design of a Secure Information Sharing System for E-policing in Nigeria

Design of a Secure Information Sharing System for E-policing in Nigeria

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Published by ijcsis
Problems of National concerns such as kidnapping, ritual killings, prevention, detection and control of crimes, provision of security to lives and properties and many more necessitate information sharing, coordination and collaboration with members of the Police Force, Businesses and Citizens within the country. A number of daunting challenges exist towards the development of an efficient information sharing system. The principal challenge would be the development of a system that securely exchanges information between members of the police, businesses and the populace in other to restructure the police services. In this paper, a means was devised to secure the information sharing system for confidential sharing of secret information between members of the police force. The secure system which enforces access control and information confidentiality was based on the principles of Bell LaPadula model and the Rivest Shamir Adelman (RSA) algorithm. The system assures secure and stream-lined information sharing among the police to avoid intimidating activities.
Problems of National concerns such as kidnapping, ritual killings, prevention, detection and control of crimes, provision of security to lives and properties and many more necessitate information sharing, coordination and collaboration with members of the Police Force, Businesses and Citizens within the country. A number of daunting challenges exist towards the development of an efficient information sharing system. The principal challenge would be the development of a system that securely exchanges information between members of the police, businesses and the populace in other to restructure the police services. In this paper, a means was devised to secure the information sharing system for confidential sharing of secret information between members of the police force. The secure system which enforces access control and information confidentiality was based on the principles of Bell LaPadula model and the Rivest Shamir Adelman (RSA) algorithm. The system assures secure and stream-lined information sharing among the police to avoid intimidating activities.

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Published by: ijcsis on Aug 13, 2011
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2011
Design of a Secure Information Sharing System forE-policing in Nigeria
ALESE B.K
1
IYARE O
1
FALAKI S.O
11
Computer Science DepartmentFederal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
ABSTRACTProblems of National concerns such askidnapping, ritual killings, prevention, detectionand control of crimes, provision of security tolives and properties and many more necessitateinformation sharing, coordination andcollaboration with members of the Police Force,Businesses and Citizens within the country. Anumber of daunting challenges exist towards thedevelopment of an efficient information sharingsystem. The principal challenge would be thedevelopment of a system that securely exchangesinformation between members of the police,businesses and the populace in other torestructure the police services. In this paper, ameans was devised to secure the informationsharing system for confidential sharing of secretinformation between members of the policeforce. The secure system which enforces accesscontrol and information confidentiality wasbased on the principles of Bell LaPadula modeland the Rivest Shamir Adelman (RSA)algorithm. The system assures secure andstream-lined information sharing among thepolice to avoid intimidating activities.
 Key words: Rank, Information, InformationSharing, E-policing, Access Control,Confidentiality.
1.0 Introduction
Police is a prime collector and provider of data andinformation, contributor of information-basedservices and user of information technologies [5].The prevalent application of information technologyfor the delivery of police services is the key nextstep in reinventing police, in short in, fosteringelectronic policing. Electronic policing (E-policing)is termed as the transaction of services andinformation between the police and citizens throughthe internet [9]. In another form, e-policing is theuse of information technology to provide citizensand organization with more convenient access topolice information and services. E-policing allowsthe public and businesses to file reports for someincidents and crime related issues through theinternet anytime of the day. The reports whensubmitted are filed in the appropriate place to beaccessed and acted upon by those assign to do so. E-policing does not replace telephone or face-to-facecontact, rather it expands the channels of communication through the internet. E-policingopens new ways of carrying out police services bycreating a portal for the easy flow of informationbetween the parties involved, in this case the police,business and the citizens.Information in [7] is defined as processed data thatis useful in any organization. Information sharing
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2011
on the other hand is a way of providing or passinginformation between members of a givenorganization (for example the police force) orvarious organizations. Information sharing betweenthe police and the masses started with the use of billboards through to that of radio and television, nowit has evolved to the use of a more advanced waythat is, the internet which is in line with thetechnological trend. The use of the Internet is a fastway of getting information across to a largeaudience within and outside a given geographicallocation.The Internet (a network of networks) is a vastcollection of computers where information areprovided, shared and communicated across theglobe. Due to the availability of the internet, theworld is fast becoming a global village; individualscan now browse with their phones, laptops and athomes. Through the application of InformationTechnology (IT) to its operations, police does notalter its functions or its obligations to remain useful,legitimate, transparent and accountable instead it
raises society’s expectations about
its performance,in all respect, to a higher level. The use of theinternet by way of developing an informationsystem for the police force will pave way for theincrease use of IT facilities. An important aspect of government is the provision of security to the livesand properties of the people; this was catered forthrough the establishment of the police force duringthe colonial era. An easy way of doing this is toembrace the use of information technology that is,to move from the traditional way of policing to amodern way. Making information readily availablebrings about the issue of confidentiality of information. Confidentiality is the assurance thatinformation is shared only among authorizedpersons or organizations. Confidentiality breach canoccur when data is not handled in a manneradequate to safeguard the confidentiality of theinformation concerned.
1.1 Policing
Traditionally, policing was the responsibility of alladults in a community [3]. The emergence of thestate as an entity with claim to the monopoly overthe means of legitimate violence in society [11]resulted into the creation of specialized agenciessuch as the police and the armed forces forcontrolling the use of violence by other groups.According to [6] Police work involves a variety of tasks and responsibilities such as security to livesand properties, enforcement of law and maintenanceof order. Also, in a democratic society the police aremore likely to provide services that will enhancedevelopment and democracy [2].
1.2 E-policing
E-policing is a powerful web technology that makesavailable current and relevant information on crime,missing items directly into the hands of the police,Businesses and Citizens. As part of efforts tocombat crime and meet up with world's standard of policing, Nigeria Police announced its introductionof electronic policing, to enable the averagepoliceman and Nigerians access its database from
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 7, July 2011
any part of the country [1]. Electronic policing in[4] is expected to reduce the crime rate in thecountry to the barest minimum amongst otherthings.
2.0 The Existing System
The Police Command in the nation has alreadystarted electronic policing. What is on ground is anInformation System that provides information onthe various activities of the police force. The systemdoes not create an avenue for the citizens to reporttheir complaints.
2.1 The Proposed System
In accordance with the Federal Government of 
 Nigeria’s vision to be IT compliant in all her 
sectors, there is need for the NPF to rise up to thetask. The police command at the Federal levelalready have a site to their credit, the statecommand should have a dynamic site that isaccessible from the headquarters. This will solve theproblems associated with the existing system. Theproposed system after implementation will providethe following benefits:i.
 
Facilitates police services delivery to thecitizensii.
 
Enhances information disseminationiii.
 
Improve citizens access to up-to-dateNPF activitiesiv.
 
Provide a platform for citizens”
interaction with the police.
2.2 Elements of the Proposed System
The proposed system will have the followingelements:User Interface: It is an interactive page that enablesthe user to navigate through the different pages thatmakes up the website.Web Portals: A web portal provides a starting pointor gateway to other resources on the Internet orIntranet. The portal includes:P2C
 – 
Police to Citizens - This is aimed atproviding information and services to the citizens.P2B
 – 
Police to Business
 – 
aimed at providingsecurity to the business world.P2P
 – 
Police to Police
 – 
aimed at keeping officersabreast of situations.Database: That act as the store house.
3.0 Design of the Proposed Police InformationSystem (PIS)
The Police Information System (PIS) is a collectionof electronic files (database) which can be accessedthrough computer terminals linked to the centralserver. These data are supplied and maintained bymember divisions scattered across the state. Thesystem shows information about the police tobusinesses, the general public and also act as areference material for members of the police force.
3.1 Design of PIS
In the design of this system, the portals consideredinclude the police to citizens (P2C), police to police(P2P), and police to business (P2B) amongst others.This portal is the platform through which the usersinteract with the system.The figure below shows the design of the homepage.
146http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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