Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Kakadu Rock Art

Kakadu Rock Art

Ratings: (0)|Views: 14 |Likes:
Published by draculavanhelsing
fact sheet
fact sheet

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: draculavanhelsing on Aug 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/13/2011

pdf

text

original

 
PARK NOTE
Kakad contain one of the greatetconcentration of rock art ite inthe orld and contitte one of thelonget hitorical record of any gropof people.
123
Mabuyu at Ubirr is rom thereshwater period (dating rom 2000 years ago to thepresent)The contact period beganabout 300 years ago withMacassan visitors. This ship belonged to more recentarrivalsPainting continues onpaper, canvas and othercontemporary materials as well as bark
123
I orry abot that place…ecret place. That got painting there, inide cae. It gotto be looked after becae my father, grandad all look after. No me, I got to doame. If that painting get rbbed off there might be big troble. That importanttory. It for all rond thi area. That bigget tory… bigget place. My Grandpateach me. That painting i tre. Fih, python, gooe, all painting there. Fih…yo got to eat. Python… yo got to eat. Mllet… yo got to eat. Lily, trtle,all ame. They for yo. Fih… he liten. He ay “Oh, omebody there.”Him frightened, too many Toyota. Make me orry too. Thi tory iimportant. It on’t change, it i la. It i like thi earth, it on’t moe.Grond and rock… he can’t moe. Cae… he neer moe. No-one canhift that cae, becae it dream. It tory, it la.Thi tory… thi i tre tory. (Big Bill Neidjie, Bnidj Clan)
 A major international cultural resource, thesignicance o Kakadu’s art sites is recognisedin the park’s United Nations World Heritagelisting.Concentrated along the escarpment, ingorges, and on rock outliers, the art sitesare tangible evidence o the close personalrelationship o Aboriginal people with theirland and spiritual heritage.For Bininj/Mungguy many o the olderpaintings were done by spirit people. Theseorm a continuing link with traditional beliesabout how the landscape was ormed and Aboriginal laws were established.
Gunbim
ROCKART
 
Changing landscapes and art
ROCK ART sHOws OuR LIFE
Rock art is an important part o Aboriginal people’s lives. Mimi spirits were the rst o the Creation Ancestors to paint on rock. They taught some Aboriginal people how to paint and other Aboriginal people learned by copying Mimi art. At the end o their journeys, some Creation Ancestors put themselves onrock walls as paintings and became djang (Dreaming places). Some o thesepaintings are andjamun (sacred and dangerous) and can be seen only by seniormen or women; others can be seen by all people.
In Dreaming painting,e pecial paint, ochre, blood.Come back ith that feeling.Ceremony painting i not for eeryone to ee.Top bine yo can’t ee it.Go throgh yor bodyand gie yo knoledge, Dreaming.Yo might dream.Good one.
-Bill Neidjie, Bunidj clan, Warradjan Aboriginal Cultural Centre
HOw OLD Is THE ART?
 Archaeological excavations in the Park have revealed some o the oldestoccupation sites ound in Australia. Archaeologists have dated these sites at50,000 years old using thermo luminescence methods.Experts dier about the age o the art but the most widely shared view isthat some o the paintings may be over 20 000 years old. Artistic styles have been studied and arranged into a sequence according to how they overlap on the rock. Ages o paintings in the sequence have beenestimated by comparing them with known climatic, palaeo-environmental andarchaeological events.The depiction o extinct animals, the presence o used ochre pieces dating  back 50,000 years and presence o silica coatings that orms over thousands o years in arid conditions, all contribute to the assessments o the age o the art.
PRE-EsTuARINE PERIOD, 50 000 – 8 000 BP
This was during the last ice age when the Earth was much cooler, had lessrainall and the sea level was about 150 metres lower than today. The northern Australian coastline was up to 300 km north o its present location and joinedto New Guinea. Kakadu was covered by the low open woodland and shrublandtypical o arid Australia today.The rst evidence o human occupation in Kakadu area is dated at 50 000BP.The rst rock art is thought to be the direct print o hands and objects, suchas bundles o grass, onto the rock.
20 000 BP
Large Naturalistic Style-naturalistic portrayals o animals, somenow extinct, like the animal thought to be a marsupial tapir ( 
 Palorchestes sp.)
.
15 000 BP
Simple Figures with Boomerang - humansshown as stick gures with largeheaddresses and pubic aprons.Northern Running Figures -small gures common in the northo Kakadu.Dynamic Style - intricate, highly ornamented gures in motion.
 
EsTuARINE PERIOD, 8 000 TO 2 000 BP
 Around 15 000 BP the earth began to warm and the sea level slowly rose,stabilising at its present position 6 000 years ago.The rising sea level drowned river valleys and silted up embankments.Mangrove swamps ormed on foodplains while urther inland open orest and woodland replaced low open woodland and shrubland. The climate was similar tothat o today.X-ray art began in the Estuarine Period. As the environment became moreproductive and more ood resources were available, Aboriginal populations andcultural diversity increased. This is refected in regional art styles, such asthe Northern Running Figures.
8 000 BP
 Yam Figure Style – images o yams incorporated into human orms.The Rainbow Serpent rst appears in Yam Style art and continuesto the present.Early x-ray – animals with simple x-ray eatures.
4 000 BP
 A variety o human gures occur alongsidex-ray paintings.Late x-ray – animals and humans withcomplex x-ray eatures. Southernx-ray art has ewer anatomicaldetails than northern x-ray art.
FREsHwATER PERIOD, 2 000 BP TO THE PREsENT
Sediment eventually choked out the mangroves and levee banks ormed along the edge o tidal rivers. This restricted the fow saltwater and allowed reshwaterfoodplains to develop. The x-ray art o this period depicts new resources like magpiegeese brought by the reshwater conditions.
2 000 BP
Magpie goose and human with goose-wing an and goose spears.
300 BP
– trade with Macassan shermen.
 
Gun, coastal lugger and Macassan knie (kris) amongst spears and spear thrower.
150 BP
– colonisation by humans
1950
– man on horse
The knowledgeassociated withmany paintings oftenhas a number of levels.Younger people and balanda(non Aboriginal people) are toldthe rst level, known as the‘public story’. Access to the ‘fullstory’ depends on an individual’sprogression through ceremoniallife, their interest and theirwillingness to take on theresponsibilities that gowith that knowledge.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->