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Kalimat Dalam Bahasa Indonesia

Kalimat Dalam Bahasa Indonesia

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Published by: mbak_asy on Aug 13, 2011
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KALIMAT
Kalimat mengandung pikiran, ide,ungkapan hati, pesan, atau emosi. Supayamaksud atau ‘unek-unek’ tersebut dapat dimengerti oleh orang lain –pembaca atau pendengar- hendaknya maksud tersebut disusun dengan baik dan benar menurut kaidah bahasa yang berlaku. Kalimat tersusun atas unsur-unsur dasar –S, P, O,Pel, Ket. Unsur-unsur tersebut mempunyaifungsi tertentu dalam kalimat. Unsur-unsur tersebut membentuk beberapa polakalimat dasar. Kalimat dasar tersebut dapat dikembangkan menjadi bermacam-macamkalimat sesuai dengan jenis klausanya,struktur internal klausa, hubungan aktor-aksi, ada tidaknya unsur negatif,kesederhanaan dan kelengkapan dasar, posisinya dalam percakapan, konteks dan jawaban, serta susunan S-P.
Oleh: Arthika Pusparini, Faridl Ash-Shidiqi, Muflihah
 
DAFTAR ISI
DAFTAR ISI........................................................................................ 2Definisi Kalimat ................................................................................. 5Syarat Kalimat dan Alat Pengetesnya ............................................... 5Unsur-unsur Dasar dan Fungsinya .................................................... 7Subyek........................................................................................... 7Predikat .......................................................................................... 7Objek .............................................................................................. 8Pelengkap ..................................................................................... 9Keterangan .................................................................................... 9Intonasi kalimat ............................................................................. 9Pola Kalimat Dasar .......................................................................... 10 Jenis Kalimat ................................................................................... 10Kalimat dipandang dari segi jumlah dan jenis klausa yang terdapat pada Dasar ........................................................... 10Kalimat Tunggal........................................................................ 10Kalimat nominal..................................................................... 10Kalimat ajektival.................................................................... 11Kalimat verbal........................................................................ 11Kalimat numeral.................................................................... 11Kalimat Majemuk ...................................................................... 11Kalimat majemuk setara ........................................................ 11Kalimat mejemuk setara penjumlahan .............................. 11Kalimat majemuk setara pertentangan ............................. 11Kalimat majemuk setara pemilihan ................................... 11Kalimat mjemuk setara perurutan ..................................... 12Kalimat majemuk bertingkat (bersusun) ................................ 12Kalimat dipandang dari segi struktur internal klausa utama ........14Kalimat Sempurna .................................................................... 14Kalimat Tak sempurna .............................................................. 14Kalimat dipandang dari segi responsi yang diharapkan ...............14Kalimat pernyataan ................................................................... 14Kalimat pertanyaan ................................................................... 14Kalimat perintah ....................................................................... 14Kalimat dipandang dari segi sifat hubungan aktor-aksi...............14Kalimat aktif .............................................................................. 14Kalimat pasif ............................................................................. 142
 
Kalimat medial.......................................................................... 15Kalimat resiprokal..................................................................... 15Kalimat dipandang dari segi ada atau tidaknya unsur negatif pada frase verbal utama .............................................................. 15Kalimat afirmatif ....................................................................... 15Kalimat negatif .......................................................................... 15Kalimat dipandang dari segi kesederhanaan dan kelengkapan dasar ................................................................................... 15Kalimat formata ........................................................................ 15Kalimat transformata ................................................................ 15Kalimat deformata .................................................................... 15Kalimat urutan ....................................................................... 16Kalimat sampingan ................................................................ 16Kalimat elips .......................................................................... 16Kalimat tambahan ................................................................. 16Kalimat jawaban .................................................................... 16Kalimat seruan ....................................................................... 16Kalimat dipandang dari segi posisinya dalam percakapan ...........17Kalimat situasi.......................................................................... 17Kalimat urutan .......................................................................... 17Kalimat jawaban ....................................................................... 17Kalimat dipandang dari segi konteks dan jawaban yang diberikan ............................................................................................ 17Menurut susunan subyek predikatnya ......................................... 17Kalimat versi............................................................................. 17Kalimat inversi.......................................................................... 17Kalimat Efektif ................................................................................. 17Kesatuan ...................................................................................... 18Kepaduan ..................................................................................... 18Keparalelan ................................................................................. 18Ketepatan .................................................................................... 18Kehematan ................................................................................... 19Kelogisan ...................................................................................... 19Kesalahan Dalam Kalimat .............................................................. 197.1 Kesalahan Kalimat Sebagai Akibat Ketaksaan Pikiran ............19Aktif dan Pasif ........................................................................... 19Subjek dan keterangan ............................................................. 20Pengantar Kalimat dan Predikat ................................................ 20Kalimat Majemuk Setara dan Majemuk Bertingkat ................... 20Induk Kalimat dan Anak Kalimat ............................................... 213

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