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Published by Satyajit Mal

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Published by: Satyajit Mal on Aug 14, 2011
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 The Theosophical Society
, founded in 1875,is a worldwide body whose primary object is
Universal Brotherhood without distinction
basedon the realization that life, and all its diverse forms, human and non-human, is indivisiblyOne. The Society imposes no belief on its members, who are united by a common search forTruth and desire to learn the mean-ing and purpose of existence through study, reflection, self-responsibility and loving service.
Theosophy
is the wisdom underlying all religions when they are stripped of accretions andsuperstitions. It offers a philosophy which renders life intelligible and demonstrates that justice and love guide the cosmos. Its teachings said the unfoldment of the latent spiritual naturein the human being, without dependence.
Adyar Campus Visiting Hours:
Grounds:
Morning: 8.30-10.00am; Afternoon: 2.00-4.00pmMonday to SaturdayClosed Sunday and Public Holidays
Bookshop:
Morning: 9:00-12:noon; Afternoon: 3:00-6:00pmMonday to SaturdayClosed Sunday and Public Holidays
Library:
9.00-5.00pmTuesday to SundayClosed Monday and Public Holidays
Display of 
Morning: 9.30-12 noon; Afternoon: 2.00 - 4.00pm
Ancient Documents:
Tuesday to SundayClosed Monday and Public Holidays
Headquarters Address:
International HeadquartersThe Theosophical SocietyAdyar, Chennai 600 020 INDIATelephone: (044) 2491 2474Email: intl.hq@ts-adyar.org 
 
 
DakshinaChitra
is a center for the living traditions of art, folk performing arts, craft and architecture of India with an emphasis onthe traditions of South India. A project of the Madras Craft Foundation (MCF), a non-profit organisation.
DakshinaChitra
opened tothe public in December 1996. The center occupies ten undulating acres overlooking the Bay of Bengal, at Muttukadu, twenty fivekilometers south of Chennai, on the East Coast Road to Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, India...
Landmark 
next to MGM Dizee World
DakshinaChitra
East Coast Road, Muttukadu, Chinglepet District
 –
600 118.
Phone
044 27472603 / 044 27472783
Madras Craft Foundation
044 24462435 / 044 24918943
Time Factor
45 minutes from the city to
DakshinaChitra
  A complete tour of 
DakshinaChitra
takes a minimum of 1 hour
Basic Info
 
 Visiting Hours:
 10 am to 6pm
Weekly Holiday:
 Tuesday (open on all national holidays except on Diwali Day)
Entrance Tariff:
  Adult: Rs.75/-Child: Rs.20/- (5-12yrs)Student: Rs.30/-(below 18yrs with ID card)
School Students package:
Rs.70/-
Entrance Tariff:
 Overseas Visitors Adults: Rs.200/- (appx US$ 4.75)Students:Rs.75/-(appx US$ 1.75)
 
 Map of Dakshin Chitra
 
 A brief note on the Domestic Architecture of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
has a long sandy seacoast and a vast expanse of semi-arid plains, once covered with scrub forests, grass and groves of bamboo. Water was scarce and wells per village were few in number. Families clustered together, to be close to each other and to thesources of water. Wood was never in abundance, but was used for columns and beams. Rafters and reapers were usually of bamboo. Thepride of each house was the front door and this was carved and decorated to be as welcoming and auspicious as could be. Trees were
felled from nearby, preferably from the houseowner’s own compound. The village set rules where trees could and could not be f 
elled.The carpenters made the bullock carts and the ploughs and all that was necessary for agriculture and house building in the village. Theywere helped by the blacksmiths who made the hinges and the nails, the locks for the doors and the special fixtures for the carts. Thepotters made the terracotta roofing tiles. Floors were most often made of rammed mud, finished with a red oxide coating or cow dungslurry. Walls were made of sun-dried or baked brick or mud which were also regularly treated with a cow dung slurry, which kept the bugsaway with its antiseptic properties.Few people could afford the roofing tiles, and for centuries, a tiled roof required a royal permission accorded only to the rich. Most peoplehad thatch roofs, even wealthy people. The thatch kept the house cool. Palmyra trees grew in abundance and grasses and reeds, or evendried paddy stalk was used. Families used what was most convenient and abundant in their area. Bamboo was treated and sliced andwoven into mats which were sometimes even used as walls. Mats were woven from reeds for sleeping on or to spread on the cowdungfloors for guests to sit on.Lime plaster became the keystone of decoration on Tamil houses. The wealthy merchants and the royal families let the masons whospecialised in lime plaster use their imagination to create stories, florid capitals and ceilings and homage to patrons in plaster.Most Tamil houses have an inner courtyard which is used for drying grains, shelling pods and for functions. There is a raisedverandah or small seating area in the front of the house, called a tinnai. The houses from Tamil Nadu at
DakshinaChitra
aretypical of houses found in many villages throughout each region.
 A brief note on the Domestic Architecture of Kerala
The architecture, environment and culture of 
Kerala
stand in marked contrast to that of TamilNadu. Kerala is blessed with abundant water, verdant forests and rich lands. Unlike the Tamilian,the Keralite prefers to live isolated from neighbours in the middle of a plot of land, with privacy andbeautiful tropical vegetation. In Kerala houses, technique, form and materials are basically the samefor all classes and economic levels. Only size or the addition of more buildings to a compoundseparate the rich from the poor.
Kerala’s domestic architecture is pun
ctuated in form by the religious architecture of its threecommunities - the Hindus, Christians and Muslims. While the domestic architecture of the threecommunities is similar, small details such as a cross or a gable distinguish one type from another. A slight variation in the arrangement of rooms and spaces according to the social customs of each group, characterises thedifferences in the interior. All the Kerala houses at
DakshinaChitra
were sold to the Madras Craft Foundation because the

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