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A Celtic Religious Centre in the Alps

A Celtic Religious Centre in the Alps

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Published by jwr47
The existence of two parallel series of Ego-pronouns the iòu, ieu and iau-series in parallel to the “me”- and “moi”-series suggests that the vowel-pronouns I*U may have originated as Celtic etymological and religious traces in the Alpine region, where they may have survived in remote Alpine areas in their most original state.

In other non-Alpine areas the predecessor layers of “mi”-, “mee”-, “me”- and “moi”-pronouns may have survived either as ancient pre-Celtic or early Celtic pronouns.

The IU-bipolarity may refer to the androgynous universal or purely Celtic deities or the corresponding androgynous creation legends.

The center of religious symbolism may have been the Gotthard-area – God's forest, which is a high Alpine area at the center of the Alps where both the Rhine and the Rhone are originating as symbolic twins.

The modern French pronoun “je” may be an abbreviation of the Provencal “ieu”, as well as (in analogy) “io”, “yo”, “ja” and “I” are abbreviations of “iou”, respectively “iau”.

Similar mechanisms may be derived for the corresponding divine names, “Diu”, “Dieu”, “Diou”, Juppiter, and so on...
The existence of two parallel series of Ego-pronouns the iòu, ieu and iau-series in parallel to the “me”- and “moi”-series suggests that the vowel-pronouns I*U may have originated as Celtic etymological and religious traces in the Alpine region, where they may have survived in remote Alpine areas in their most original state.

In other non-Alpine areas the predecessor layers of “mi”-, “mee”-, “me”- and “moi”-pronouns may have survived either as ancient pre-Celtic or early Celtic pronouns.

The IU-bipolarity may refer to the androgynous universal or purely Celtic deities or the corresponding androgynous creation legends.

The center of religious symbolism may have been the Gotthard-area – God's forest, which is a high Alpine area at the center of the Alps where both the Rhine and the Rhone are originating as symbolic twins.

The modern French pronoun “je” may be an abbreviation of the Provencal “ieu”, as well as (in analogy) “io”, “yo”, “ja” and “I” are abbreviations of “iou”, respectively “iau”.

Similar mechanisms may be derived for the corresponding divine names, “Diu”, “Dieu”, “Diou”, Juppiter, and so on...

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categoriesTypes, Research, History
Published by: jwr47 on Aug 14, 2011
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08/15/2011

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A Celtic Religious Center in the Alps
1
Celtic civilization originated ca. 1300 BCE from the Austrian Hallstatt area and culminated around500 BCE in the La Tène culture covering an area between the sources of the Danube and Seinerivers. Around 400 BCE they crossed the Alps and expanded their territory to Northern Italy.Around 200 BCE the Celtic peoples had settled major territories in modern France, Belgium,Switzerland, Austria, Southern Germany, Northern Italy, the Czech republic, Slovakia and Hungary.As a remarkable fact all of these areas are located in or around the Alps.Several remarkable data may indicate references between the Alps and Celtic religion.Most of the Alpine Ego-pronouns seem to have been structured according to a peculiar “vowel”I*U-pattern, in which the asterisk may be replaced by one of the vowels A, E or O. These Ego- pronouns (ieu, iou, iau
2
) do not belong to the oldest Indoeuropean Ego-pronouns, which seem to be“man”- or “me”-derivates. Instead they may have concentrated in the Alpine regions at the Celticeras for special reasons. Of course they may have been preserved in the remote Alpine areas.However there are other remote areas in the Pyrenees or on the British islands such as Man, inwhich other Ego-pronouns have been preserved, which in contrast to the “vowel” I*U-pronounsmust be considered as elder “man”- or “me”-generations of Ego-pronouns.These considerations did lead to the thesis that a Celtic religious center may have existed in theAlps, in which the “vowel”-pronouns (ieu, iou, iau) had been concentrated for religious purposes.The vowels may have been religious symbols in an alphabet in which the consonants have beenconsidered as “con”- respectively “co”-sounding symbols to the more important vowels.
 
 Fig. 1: Overview map of the Hallstatt (yellow) and La Tène (green)cultures the Hallstatt culture.
 
In order to prove the thesis we must consider the special conditions, which may have existed in theAlps and in Celtic philosophy:
The Alps have been a dominating mountainous area in the center of the Celtic population.
First of all both main rivers the male “
 Rhine
” and the female “
 Rhone
” etymologically seemto be androgynous
twins
and they spring from closely located sources near the
Gotthard 
area, in which the
Gotthard 
may be translated to
God's forest 
.
The Celts are known to have honored the antipodes similar to thetaijitu(Yin-Yang-symbol), which is known for its androgynous symbolism. Patterns similar to thetaijitualso form partof Celtic, EtruscanandRomaniconography, where they are loosely referred to as
yin yangsymbol
by modern scholars; no relationship between these and the Chinese symbol has beenestablished. In Celtic art, the motif of two interlockingcommas that appear to swirl is a recurrent one which can be traced back to the late 5th century BC
3
. With a view to the muchlater Chinese symbol, art historians of theLa Tène culturerefer anachronistically to theseclinging pairs as "yin yang".
Parallel to the bipolar symbols such as thetaijituthe Celts also preferred triads. The I*U- pronouns such as
ieu
,
iou
and
iau
are triads. The Wikipedia entryTaijitualso describes aCeltic yin yang whorl in a
triskele
or triad arrangement
4
. Now let us list a few pronouns and divine names for the former Celtic
 Alpine
territories in France,Switzerland. Data will be taken from the Swadesh -Lists
5
:
 LanguageGod Ego-Pronoun
DieuJe, moi
Dieu , Diu, DeuIeu, iu
Münstertalisch (Jauer )
Deis Jau
Diòuiòu më, m’ iòu
6
Occitan
Dieuieu, jo
Surselvisch(Sursilvan)
Deusjeu
Sutselvisch(Sutsilvan)
Jupiter
bzw.
*IOU-piterjou
Lower Engadin
Deis Eu, jau (jo)
Lower Engadinian (Zernez )
Deus oder Dios (?)jo
Lower engadinian(Vallader)
Deuseu
Upper Engadine (Puter)
Dieu eau
Southern Germany
Tuisco, Dis
7
(?)Ih, I
Table 1: Pronouns and divine names for the former Celtic Alpine territories
3Wikipedia: Taijituwhich also includes some samples 4 detail of the center of a bronze disc; find spot: Longban Island, Derry; pre-Christian period; on display at Ulster Museum in Belfast5The Hieroglyphs in the Ego-Pronoun
6
 Patois of Villar-St-Pancrace: Personal pronouns: Cas sujet Cas régime atone tonique direct indirectSg. 1°p a (l’) iòu më, m’ iòu 2°p tü, t’ të, t’ tü 3°p M u(l), al ei(l) së lu ei F eilo la eilo N o, ul, la - lu - Pl. 1°p nû* nû*2°p òû* vû* vû* 3°p M î(z) së lû* iè F eilâ (eilaz) lâ* eilâ7 Tuisco as documented by Tacitus in Germania, respectively Dis by Julius Caesar 
 
In contrast some old Celtic languages in remote, non-Alpine areas may prefer “me”-pronouns,although most refer to the standard Indoeuropean sky-god “
 Diu
”, for example:
 LanguageGod Ego-Pronoun
Manx 
Jeemee 
 
Diumi,fi 
Dia , Godmi 
Diomi 
Duwmi,fi 
Diudji; mi
8
Diu, Idiu
 jo
Table 2: Pronouns and divine names in Celtic languages in remote, non-Alpine areas
Other languagesCroatian andCzechmay still refer to “jau” in their ego-pronouns
 jaand já. 
 LanguageGod Ego-Pronoun
Bog ja 
Bůh já 
Table 3: Pronouns and divine names inCroatian Czechlanguages in remote, non-Alpine areas
From these table we may discern:
the  ja- and “
 jau
”-sounds belonging to the
east 
-Alpine regions, whereas
the je– and “
 jeu
”-sounds belonging to the
west 
-Alpine regions, and
the io - and “
 jou
”-sounds belonging to the
 southern
areas in which Jupiter bzw. *IOU-piter has been originated.These “
 jau
”-, “
 jeu
” and “
 jou
”-layers may have originated around 400 BCE at the time of the Celticsettlement of the Alps. Some of the central languages still carry traces of the ancient predecessor me-pronouns such as in
iòu më, m’ iòu
moi
(parallel to “je” inmodern French)
 
and
 
in a similar way comparable to French
dji; mi
Modern Pronouns
The modern French pronoun “je” may be an abbreviation of the Provencal “ieu” by skippingthe trailing female symbol “u”.
The modern Italian “io” and Spanish “yo” pronoun may be abbreviations of the Sutsilvan“iou” by skipping the trailing female symbol “u”.
The modernCroatianand Czechpronoun jamay be abbreviations of the Jauer-pronoun “jau” by skipping the trailing female symbol “u”.
The modern English pronoun “I” may be an abbreviation of the Southern “Ih”.
8For pronouns, the first one given is for the one doing the action (eg:
dji 
magne
= I eat), the second, for the one targetof the action (eg:
avou
mi 
= with me).

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