2democracy, especially with the major regional developments pertaining to the Jewishoccupation of a large part of Palestine. Then came the unification of the East andWest Banks during Jericho Conference and the formation of the first Parliament splitequally between representatives from both banks. This parliament endorsed the union,setting as a condition the preservation of the Palestinian identity. That was on April24, 1950. Then other developments surfaced: The two-bank Parliament was dissolvedand new elections were held for the 1950 Chamber of Deputies, which remainedfunctional till 1954.It is worth highlighting in this context a remark from the address His Majesty the lateKing Abdullah I delivered at the House. It was a statement of special significance wequote from historical records:"You have joined my march over the past years and I will join yours in the comingones. It will be under your constitutional responsibility and I will offer fatherlyguidelines".In implementation of that, the government formed a committee to draft a constitutionthat was submitted to Parliament. The document had a contractual or semi-contractualnature, especially since it was adopted after the unification of the two Banks was fullyestablished. That was the 1952 Constitution, which was issued after the assassinationof the founding King in Jerusalem. He was succeeded by His Majesty the late KingTalal bin Abdullah. The Kingdom entered a new era of its political development,having at hand one of the best and most progressive constitutions in the modern Arabhistory
In the Official Gazette, issue No. 1093 on January 8, 1952, the most importantdocument in the political and social modern history of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was published, seen as a very ground-breaking and progressive step in thedevelopment of political life in the Arab World.It started as follows:"We, Talal the First, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, in accordance withArticle 25 of the Constitution, and in pursuance of the decision of the Senate andHouse of Representatives, hereby approve this revised Constitution and decree its promulgation".It is worth mentioning that this Constitution clearly emphasizes in its preamble andthe general provisions two basic principles that govern the democratic approach. InArticle 1, it explicitly stipulates that the Kingdom's "system of government is parliamentary with a hereditary monarchy".In Article 24, under the chapter covering powers, it stipulates:
Some of the references include Dr. Abdullah Tawalbeh's "Parliamentary Life in Jordan". Dr. KamelAbu Jaber's "Parliament in the Kingdom of Jordan" and "Constitutional Law," by Dr. Adel Hiari.