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Table Of Contents

**Gender IR - 1NC Shell**
Link—IR Ignores Gender
Link—State (Africa Specific)
Link—“Women = Peace”
Link—Foreign Aid/Disease
Link—Foreign Policy (1/2)
Link—Development (1/2)
Link—Sexual Politics
Link—Reproductive Health Care
Link—Humyn Rights (1/2)
Link—Economy (1/2)
Link—Representations of Instability
Link—Democracy (1/2)
Link—War Rhetoric
Link—Free Market/Trade Liberalization
Link—Feminine Victims
Link—Prostitution/Sex Trafficking
Link—Public/Private Partnerships
Link—Environmental Security
Link—Sexual Rights
Link—Conflation of Sex/Gender
Impact—Laundry List
Impact—War/Domestic Violence
Impact—Perpetuates Domination
Impact—Nuke War
Patriarchy Impact—Laundry List (Extinction)
Patriarchy Impact—Discrimination
Patriarchy Impact—Nuke War
Patriarchy Impact—War (1/2)
Patriarchy Impact—Human Rights
Patriarchy Impact—Nationalism
Patriarchy Impact—Environment
Patriarchy Impact—Arab/Israeli Conflict
*Gendered Perspective
Alt Solvency—Gendered Perspective (1/7)
*Other Alts
Alt—Feminist/Gendered Approach
Alt—Critique Masculine IR
Alt—Gender Focus
Alt—Revealing Gender
Alt—Reject Static Gender
Alt—Gendered Approach
Alt—Recognizing Gender Differences
Alt—Reconceptualize Democracy
*Alt Solves Impacts
Alt Solves Violence
Alt Solves Security
Alt Solves Poverty
Alt Solves Sustainable Development
Alt Solves Militarism
Alt Solves Otherization
Alt = More Accurate Reality
**Answers To Aff Answers**
AT: Perm (1/2)
Realism War
**Other Stuff
AT: “But We Incorporate Gender!”
AT: Claims About Biological Sex
AT: We Include Womyn
AT: Gender Neutrality
AT: Womyn in Power
AT: Intersectionality
AT: Pacifism
Africa Key
IR Key To Fem
Gender Dichotomy Spills Over
Discourse Key
Race/Class/Location Key to Gendered Perspective
**Aff Answers**
Tickner Indict—Essentialism
No Link
No Alt Solvency (1/2)
Perm Solvency (1/3)
Perm Solvency—State
K Links to Itself
No Gender Bias In IR
***Western Feminism K***
K of Western Fem 1NC (1/5)
K of Western Fem 1NC (2/5)
K of Western Fem 1NC (3/5)
K of Western Fem 1NC (4/5)
K of Western Fem 1NC (5/5)
Link – African Identity
Link – Capitalism/Development
Link – Development/Empowerment
Link - Dichotomies
Link - Discourse on Africa
Link – ‘Feminist’
Link - FGM
Link – Humyn Rights
Link - Intersectionality
Link - Omission of African Women
Link – ‘Patriarchy’
Link – Population Control
Link – Social Categories
**Case Turns
Case Turn - Biodeterminism
Case Turn – Gender Hierarchies
Case Turn - Otherization
Case Turn – Kills Movements
Case Turn – Gender Binaries
Case Turn – Male Dominance
Case Turn – Colonialism
Case Turn – Re-Entrench Patriarchy
Case Defense
**Internal Links
WF Patriarchy
WF Dehumanization
WF Colonialism
WF Orientalism
WF Imperialism
WF Impose Dichotomies
WF Dualism
WF Eurocentrism
WF Body Becomes Sexual
WF Body Focus
WF Biological Binaries
WF Gender Binaries/Biological Focus
WF Biological Determinism
WF Homogenizes Gender
WF Categorization + Hierarchies
Impact - Orientalism
Impact - Colonialism
Impact - Western Imperialism
Impact - Whitewashes Culture / Universalize Gender
Impact – Essentialism/Gender Hierarchies
Impact - Patriarchy
Impact - Patriarchy / Distancing Other
Impact - Hurts Self-representation
Impact – Hate Crimes
Alt – Re-examine African Hierarchies
Alt – “African Womanism”
Alt - Motherhood
Alt - Rethinking
Alt Solvency – Discourse Maps Culture
Alt - Representing history
Alt solves – Questioning Imperialist Discourse
Alt - Reconceptualization
Alt - Intersectionality
Alt solves – Incorporate Marginalized
Alt Solves - Black Feminism
Alt solvency – Recognize Difference
**Answers to Answers
At: Disappearance of Womyn Identity
At: Essentialism of African Countries
At: Good Intentions
At: They Want Representation
Epistemology First
Movements Don’t Solve
At: Gender is Constructed
Alt Links to K
Western Fem Solves Public Participation
Coalitions Key
Turn: K of W.Fem Increased Exclusion
Women are represented now (in Africa)
Women Have Status in NGOs
Political activism key to solve
Media Attention turns the K
At: Feminist Solidarity Good
Political action not key
Grassroots mobilization key to solve
Western and Indigenous Fem Differ
Alt Causality
Differences Key
Women Key to Development
African Women Key
**Alternative Doesn’t Solve
Plan key / Alt doesn’t solve
Alt Doesn’t Solve - Indigenous Fem
Alt Doesn’t Solve – “African Womanism”
Alt Doesn’t solve – Analysis of Colonial Discourse
Alt Doesn’t Solve - Motherhood Alt
**Perm Solvency
State Key
1NC (1/5)
1NC (2/5)
1NC (3/5)
1NC (4/5)
1NC (5/5)
Link: Discourse – Language of “The Body”
Link: Discourse – Gender is Constructed
Link: Discourse – Non-Western
Link: Gender – Socially Constructed
Link: Homosexuality
Link: Gender – Root of Racial, Ethnic, National ID
Link: Gender – Root of National Hegemony
Link: Ethnic and National Identity
Implications: Gender Binaries – Reinforce Masculine
Implications: Difference Precludes Democracy
Alternative – Genealogy
Critique of Feminism – Identity Precedes Feminism
Critique of Feminism – Internal Contradictions
Critique of Feminism – Fem Domination
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GDI Gender IR K

GDI Gender IR K

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Published by poricydebater

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Published by: poricydebater on Aug 15, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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