education vol.2 issue 2 2007
SHEn, PRIoR, WHITEad KARAMAnogLU
(c) Use the uiversity studet umber cderder.(d) Select team members based previusperfrmace.
(e) Select groups based on aheterogeneous mixture, i.e. sex, age,nationality, specialisation, etc.
(f) Select a team leader ad let them pick eadditial member i tur.() Select team members based sitti rstadi psiti.(h) Select team members based astrlical‘star si’ r mth f birth.
(i) Select team members based on theirPersonality Type and/or Learning Style.
(j) Issue cded labels t studets, wh thefrm rups based the cdes.of these methds, the mst cmmly usedare (a), (b) ad (c). Allwi studets t frm their w teamsresults i frmatis based friedships.Frieds rarely wrk well i a team situati –the relatiship is t csy, this d’t etde ad the atmsphere is t relaxed. Thismethd als teds t alieate peple based differeces i sex, ae, atiality, race,relii, disability ad scial status (as desmethd (f)). Methd (d) ca be used t placethe best studets i the tp (alpha) team adthe wrst studets i the bttm (zeta) team.This methd, whilst stimulati the bttmteam t perfrm r die, ca als have the effectf ivi the tp team a feeli f urealisticsuperirity (the Apll Sydrme) (Belbi,1981) with its may eative implicatis. Itis als bvius that yu eed histrical data,which is t available i Year 1 classes, temply this methd. Usi radm selectimethds such as (b), (c), (), (h) ad (j) willprduce averae results at best. The lymethds that will uaratee abve averaeresults are (e) ad (i). Hetereeus mixturesf studets usually perfrm well due ttheir bledi f expertise, experiece adperspectives. Hwever, eve apparetly well-balaced teams such as these smetimes failt perfrm due t bvius reas.Clearly it wuld be helpful t the eieerilecturer t be able t uderstad thepersality, mtivati, streths adweakesses ad leari style f the studetsbefre frmi the team. This ca best beachieved by usi a questiaire styleistrumet t extract this ifrmati. Thetw mst ppular methds are by usiistrumets such as the Idex f LeariStyles (ILS) develped by Felder ad Slmai 1991 ad by usi the Myers-Bris TypeIdicatr, MBTI
develped by Myers-Brissme 50 years earlier. These tw mdels sharemay facets ad are cmplimetary i mayrespects. This article will ccetrate theuse f the MBTI istrumet due t its wideprliferati ad its lare user base. Fr averview f Leari Styles please refer t theexcellet article by Felder & Bret (2005).
Belbin Team Roles
As already metied, the wrk f Dr R.Meredith Belbi ad his team f researchersduri the 1970s were ifluetial i termsf uderstadi maaemet teams i abusiess setti. His wrk, ver ie years atthe Heley Maaemet Cllee, ivestiatihw teams fucti, culmiated with his theryf Team Rles. This thery is based ieteam rles which ca be brke dw it:
Action oriented roles:
Shaper, Implementer, and Completer Finisher.
People oriented roles:
Co-ordinator,Teamworker and Resource Investigator.
Plant, Monitor Evaluator, andSpecialist.
This wrk has led t a series f busiessrietated bks ad the e-iterplace
sftwarepackae icrprati the Belbi Self-Percepti Ivetry (SPI) – a psychlicalprfili tl fr the idividual team member(Belbi Team Rles, 2007). There is a lt fverlap betwee the wrk f Belbi ad thatf Myers-Bris, hwever, i s far as theBelbi methd ccetrates the wrld fcmmerce, we shall ccetrate methdsprimarily fr the educatial setti.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
I its basic frm the Myers-Bris TypeIdicatr, MBTI
is a 93-item istrumet adthe mst widely kw psychlical typitl i use tday. It was estimated by Pitteer(1993) that ver 2 milli cpies were beisld aually i 1992. This has w rise t aestimated 3.5 milli aual sales wrldwide(oPP, 2007). The MBTI is available i mre tha21 lauaes.The MBTI has bee arud i e shape rather fr ver 60 years, ad has bee usedi a umber f ccupatial settis. n ther