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Table Of Contents

Organic matter decomposition and the soil food web
SOIL ORGANIC MATTER
THE SOIL FOOD WEB
Some functions of a healthy soil ecosystem
DECOMPOSITION PROCESS
Non-humic substances: significance and function
Compounds and function of humus
Humic substances retain nutrients available on demand for plants
Natural factors influencing the amount of organic matter
TEMPERATURE
VEGETATION AND BIOMASS PRODUCTION
Practices that influence the amount of organic matter
HUMAN INTERVENTIONS THAT INFLUENCE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER
Practices that decrease soil organic matter
Open cycle system
High harvest index
Use of bare fallow
Overgrazing
Removal of crop residues
Drainage
Fertilizer and pesticide use
PRACTICES THAT INCREASE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER
Ways to increase organic matter contents of soils
Evaluation of the organic matter content of a soil in Paraná
Balanced fertilization
Cover crops
Reduction of dry matter of different cover crops
Improved vegetative stands
Agroforestry and alley cropping
Examples of agroforestry systems worldwide
Reforestation and afforestation
Regeneration of natural vegetation
Crop residue management
Utilizing forage by grazing rather than by harvesting
Integrated pest management
Applying animal manure or other carbon-rich wastes
Compost
Mulch or permanent soil cover
Population size of root nodule bacteria with different crop rotations
Creating drought-resistant soil
EFFECT OF SOIL ORGANIC MATTER ON SOIL PROPERTIES
INEFFICIENT USE OF RAINWATER
INCREASED SOIL MOISTURE
Effect of amount of soil cover on rainwater runoff and infiltration
Water infiltration under different types of management
Effect of different soil covers on in-soil storage of water
REDUCED SOIL EROSION AND IMPROVED WATER QUALITY
Soil loss due to water erosion for different maize cropping systems
Key factors in sustained food production
INCREASED PLANT PRODUCTIVITY
INCREASED FERTILIZER EFFICIENCY
REDUCED WATERLOGGING
INCREASED YIELDS
Effect of organic matter on soil pH
Does improved organic matter management pay?
REDUCED HERBICIDE AND PESTICIDE USE
INCREASED BIODIVERSITY
RESILIENCE
PRINCIPLES OF CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE
ORGANIC MATTER DEPOSITION
Organic matter content of a soil under different tillage management
INCREASED CARBON SEQUESTRATION
Effect of crop residue burning once every two years on soil carbon stock
Conclusions
Bibliography
Effects of organic matter on soil properties
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Book OM

Book OM

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Published by Prince Hamdani

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Published by: Prince Hamdani on Aug 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/15/2012

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