Design – aspiration effect – effect of friction and velocitydistribution
Cooling & Solidification
Mechanism of solidification – rate of solidification
Riser design – placement
Design is the critical first step in the development of cost effective, high quality castings.The important advantage of casting design is able to produce highly complex functional shapesquickly and easily.Design process includes mold construction, mold filling & material solidification.Fluid life is the ability of the molten alloy to fill the mold cavity, flow through thin narrowchannels to form thin walls and sections, and conform to fine surface detail.In addition to temperature of the molten metal, fluid life also depends on chemical,metallurgical, and surface tension factors.