Claim Apple iPhone 41. A method for an orthogonalfrequency divisionmultiplexing multipoint-to-point communications system,the method comprising:The Apple iPhone 4 includes Wi-Fi connectivity that conforms to the IEEE 802.11 standards, inparticular, 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n. Exhibit 14A, iPhone Technical Specification,http://www.apple.com/iphone/specs.html(retrieved July 27, 2011).IEEE 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g are all different aspects specified in the standard IEEE 802.11-2007 (Exhibit 14B), whereas IEEE 802.11n is specified in IEEE 802.11n-2009 (Exhibit 14C) as anamendment to IEEE 802.11-2007. In particular, Clause 19 of IEEE 802.11-2007, among others,defines the features of 802.11g.
, Exhibit 14D, IEEE 802.11g-2003; Exhibit 14B, IEEE802.11-2007, § 19. Clause 19 is based on Clause 17, which defines the orthogonal frequencydivision multiplexing (OFDM) physical layer for 802.11a, but extends Clause 17 to 2.4 GHz ISMband. Exhibit 14B, IEEE 802.11-2007, §§ 19.1 and 19.1.2.A basic service area (BSS) may include an access point (AP), i.e., a “host unit,” that communicateswith multiple STAs. Exhibit 14B, IEEE 802.11-2007, § 22.214.171.124 (“An AP may be associated withmany STAs at one time.”).In addition, 802.11g devices communicate with one another and with the AP using OFDMtechnology. Exhibit 14B, IEEE 802.11-2007, § 17, § 19.establishing communicationbetween a first remote unit of a plurality of remote units anda host unit, the plurality of remote units communicativelycoupled to the host unit in amultipoint-to-pointconfiguration;The iPhone 4, along with other STAs in the system, can establish communication with the AP.For example, “[b]efore a STA is allowed to send a data message via an AP, it shall first becomeassociated with the AP. The act of becoming associated invokes the association service.” Exhibit14B, IEEE 802.11-2007, § 126.96.36.199.transmitting non-control dataon up to a plurality of tonesfrom the first remote unitusing an orthogonal frequencydivision multiplexingThe iPhone 4 transmits non-control data on up to 48 OFDM subcarriers (“tones”). The data may bemodulated using BPSK, QPSK, 16-QAM, or 64-QAM, depending on the rate requested.In particular, the 802.11 standard specifies that a total of 48 subcarriers may be used to transmit data: