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The Mahabharataof Krishna-Dwaipayana VyasaBOOK 5UDYOGA PARVATranslated into English Prose from the Original Sanskrit Text byPRADYUMNA VASU DEVTHE MAHABHARATAUDYOGA PARAVASECTION IOM! HAVING BOWED down to Narayana, and Nara the most exalted of male beings, and also to the goddess Saraswati, must the word Jaya be uttered."Vaisampayana said, 'Then those valiant descendants of Kuru, who belongedto the same party (with Virata), having joyfully celebrated the nuptialsof Abhimanyu and rested themselves that night, presented themselves atdawn, well pleased, in the court of Virata, And the chamber of the kingof the Matsya was full of riches, and variegated with choice gems and precious stones, with seats methodically arranged, adorned with garlands,and filled with fragrance. And those mighty monarchs of men all came tothat place, And on the seats in front sat the two kings Virata andDrupada. And the revered and aged rulers of the earth, and Valarama andKrishna along with their father, all sat there. And close to the king of Panchala was seated the great hero of the race of Sini, together with theson of Rohini. And side by side with the king of the Matsya sat Krishnaand Yudhishthira, and all the sons of king Drupada, and Bhima and Arjuna,and the two sons of Madri, and Pradyumna and Samva, both valiant in battle, and Abhimanyu with Virata's sons. And those princes, the sons of Draupadi, rivalling their fathers in valour, strength, grace, and prowess, sat upon excellent seats inlaid with gold. And when those mightyheroes wearing shining ornaments and robes had set themselves down, thatgorgeous assembly of kings looked beautiful like the firmament spangledwith resplendent stars. And those valiant men, assembled together, havingconversed with one another upon various topics, remained for some time ina pensive mood, with their eyes fixed upon Krishna. And at the end of 
their talk, Krishna drew their attention to the affairs of the Pandavas.And those powerful kings together listened to Krishna's speech, pregnantand lofty. And Krishna said, It is known to you all, how thisYudhishthira was deceitfully defeated at dice by the son of Suvala, andhow he was robbed of his kingdom and how a stipulation was made by himconcerning his exile in the forest. And capable as they were of conquering the earth by force, the sons of Pandu remained firm in their  plighted faith. And accordingly for six and seven years theseincomparable men accomplished the cruel task imposed upon them. And thislast, the thirteenth year, was exceedingly hard for them to pass. Yetunrecognised by any one they have passed it, as known to you, sufferingunendurable hardships of various kinds. This is known to you all. Theseillustrious men have spent the thirteenth year, employed in menialservice of others. This being so, it is for you to consider what will befor the good of both Yudhishthira and Duryodhana, and what, as regardsthe Kurus and the Pandavas, will be consistent with the rules of righteousness and, propriety and what will meet with the approbation of all. The virtuous king Yudhishthira would not unrighteously covet eventhe celestial kingdom. But righteously he would accept the rule even of asingle village. How the sons of Dhritarashtra fraudulently robbed him of his paternal kingdom, and how he hath passed a life of unendurablehardships, are known to all the kings assembled here. The sons of Dhritarashtra are incapable of overcoming by strength Arjuna, the son of Pritha. Nevertheless, king Yudhishthira and his friends have no other desire than the good of Dhritarashtra's son. These brave sons of Kunti,and the two sons of Madri, ask for only what they themselves, achievingvictory in battle, had won from the defeated kings. You, no doubt, knowfull well how those enemies of the Pandavas--with the object of  possessing themselves of the kingdom, endeavoured by various means todestroy them, when they were yet mere boys. So wicked and rancorous theywere. Consider, how grasping they are and how virtuous Yudhishthira is.Consider also the relationship that exists between them. I beseech youall to consult together and also think separately. The Pandavas havealways had a regard for truth. They have fulfilled their promise to thevery letter. If now treated wrongfully by the sons of Dhritarashtra, theywould slay them all though banded together. They have friends, who, on being informed of their unworthy treatment at the hands of others, wouldstand by them, engaged in fight with their persecutors, and willinglyslay them even if they should lose their own lives for it. If you supposethem to be too few to be capable of winning a victory over their enemies,you must know that united together and followed by their friends, theywould, no doubt, try their utmost to destroy those enemies. WhatDuryodhana thinks is not exactly known, nor what he may do. When the mindof the other side is not known, what opinion can be formed by you as towhat is best to be done? Therefore, let a person, virtuous and honest andof respectable birth, and wary,--an able ambassador, set out to beseechthem mildly for inducing them to give half the kingdom to Yudhishthira.Having listened to the speech of Krishna, marked by prudence and a regardfor virtue and showing a pacific and impartial spirit, his elder brother then addressed the assembly bestowing high encomiums on the words of theyounger brother.'"
SECTION II"Baladeva said, 'You have all listened to the speech of him who is theelder brother of Gada, characterised as it is by a sense of virtue and prudence, and salutary alike to Yudhishthira and king Duryodhana. Thesevaliant sons of Kunti are ready to give up half their kingdom, and theymake this sacrifice for the sake of Duryodhana. The sons of Dhritarashtra, therefore, should give up half of the kingdom, and shouldrejoice and be exceedingly happy with us that the quarrel can be sosatisfactorily settled. These mighty persons having obtained the kingdomwould, no doubt, be pacified and happy, provided the opposite party behave well. For them to be pacified will redound to the welfare of men.And I should be well-pleased if somebody from here, with the view of  pacifying both the Kurus and the Pandavas, should undertake a journey andascertain what is the mind of Duryodhana and explain the views of Yudhishthira. Let him respectfully salute Bhishma the heroic scion of Kuru's race, and the magnanimous son of Vichitravirya, and Drona alongwith his son, and Vidura and Kripa, and the king of Gandhara, along withthe Suta's son. Let him also pay his respects to all the other sons of Dhritarashtra, to all who are renowned for strength and learning, devotedto their proper duties, heroic, and conversant with signs of the times.When all these persons are gathered together and when also the elderlycitizens are assembled, let him speak words full of humility and likelyto serve the interests of Yudhishthira, At all events, let them not be provoked, for they have taken possession of the kingdom with a stronghand. When Yudhishthira had his throne, he forgot himself by beingengaged in gambling and was dispossessed by them of his kingdom. Thisvaliant Kuru, this descendant of Ajamida, Yudhishthira, though notskilled in dice and though dissuaded by all his friends, challenged theson of the king of Gandhara, an adept at dice, to the match. There werethen at that place thousands of dice-players whom Yudhishthira coulddefeat in a match. Taking however, no notice of any of them, hechallenged Suvala's son of all men to the game, and so he lost. Andalthough the dice constantly went against him, he would still have Sakunialone for his opponent. Competing with Sakuni in the play, he sustained acrushing defeat. For this, no blame can attach to Sakuni. Let themessenger make use of words characterised by humility, words intended toconciliate Vichitravirya's son. The messenger may thus bring roundDhritarashtra's son to his own views. Do not seek war with the Kurus;address Duryodhana in only a conciliatory tone, The object may possiblyfail to be gained by war, but it may be gained by conciliation, and bythis means also it may be gained enduringly.'"Vaisampayana continued, 'While that valiant scion of Madhu's race waseven continuing his speech, the gallant son of the race of Sini suddenlyrose up and indignantly condemned the words of the former by these wordsof his.'

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