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Table Of Contents

Overview
OSI Network Model
The Conundrum of Explaining the OSI Model
Mother of All OSI Model Explanations?
Anatomy of a Data Communication Session
The Way Things Used to Be
Explanation of OSI Layers
Another Mail Analogy
Encapsulation
Networking Equipment
Packet Forwarding
Repeaters—Layer 1, Physical
Hubs—Layer 1, Physical
Bridges—Layer 2, Data-Link
Switches—Layer 2, Data-Link
Routers—Layer 3, Network
Layer 3 Switches
CSU/DSUs (TSU)
TCP/IP Review
IP Addressing
Ports and Sockets
Important Protocols Related to Routing
Notes
What Is Routing?
Routing Begins at Home—The Workstation’s Route Table
Row 1—Default Gateway
Row 2—Loopback Address
Row 3—Local Subnet Address
Row 4—IP Address of Host
Rows 5, 6, and 7—Broadcast Information
Anatomy of a Routed Packet
Track a Packet—Source and Destination on the Same Network
Anatomy of a Route Table
Key Concept for Understanding Route Tables
Populating Route Tables
Routing Metrics
Administrative Distance
Summary
What Is Static Routing?
When to Use Static Routes1
Configuring Static Routes on a Router
Example with a Small Routed Network
Static Routes on a Workstation
Floating Static Routes
The Need for an Automated Routing Solution
What Is a Routing Protocol?
Considerations for Designing Routing Protocols
Metrics of Routing Protocols
Categorizing Dynamic Routing Protocols
Interior versus Exterior Routing Protocols
Distance Vector versus Link-State
Singlepath versus Multipath
Broadcast versus Multicast
Flat versus Hierarchical
Classful versus Classless
Route Summarization
Network Example 1
Network Example 2
Network Example 3
Network Example 4
Advantages of using RIP138
Disadvantages of using RIP138
Advantages of Using RIP
Disadvantages of Using RIP
RIP Background
RIPv2 Improvements
How RIP Works
Advertising Routes
Learning Routes
Information that RIP Tracks About a Route
A Look at How Route Tables Are Populated by RIP
RIP’s Achilles Heel
RIP Timers that Contribute to Slow Convergence
How RIP Defends Itself Against the Dreaded Routing Loop
Anatomy of a Routing Loop
Measures to Prevent Routing Loops
Load Balancing
Default Routing
Redistribution
Command Reference—RIP
Initial Configuration
Show Commands for RIP
Troubleshooting Commands
Advantages of using IGRP168
Disadvantages of using IGRP168
Advantages of Using IGRP
Disadvantages to Using IGRP
IGRP Background
How IGRP Works
Split Horizon
Poison Reverse
Autonomous Numbers
Load Balancing in IGRP
Route Summarization in IGRP
Command Reference—IGRP
Common IGRP Commands
Show Commands for IGRP
Advantages of using EIGRP186
Disadvantages of using EIGRP187
Advantages of Using EIGRP
Disadvantages of Using EIGRP
EIGRP Background
EIGRP Terminology
Neighbor
Neighbor Discovery and Recovery
Packet Types
Hold-Time
Neighbor Table
Topology Table
Route Table
Reliable Transport Protocol (RTP)
Retransmission Timeout (RTO)
Smooth Round Trip Time (SRRT)
Reported Distance (RD)
Feasible Distance (FD)
Feasibility Condition (FC)
Successor
Feasible Successor (FS)
Diffusing Update ALgorithm (DUAL)
Passive and Active Route States
Stuck in Active (SIA)
How EIGRP Works
EIGRP Architecture
Populating the Topology Table and Route Table
Command Reference—EIGRP
Common EIGRP Commands
Show Commands for EIGRP
Advantages of using OSPF 222
Disadvantages of using OSPF 223
Advantages of Using OSPF
Disadvantages of Using OSPF
OSPF Background
Explaining OSPF
Introduction to OSPF
How OSPF Works
OSPF Terminology
Important Networking Terminology
Important OSPF Terminology
Watch Out for the “Type” Trap
OSPF Operation, Part 1: The Building Blocks
OSPF and Network Types
OSPF Areas
OSPF Metrics and Population of Route Tables
Route Summarization in OSPF
Redistribution in OSPF
Default Routing in OSPF
Partitioned Areas
Virtual Links
OSPF Operation, Part 2: Tying It All Together
Designing OSPF Networks
Command Reference
Single Area Model
Multi-area Model (Standard Area)
Other Common OSPF Commands
Internal versus External Routing Protocols
Brief History of External Gateway Protocols
BGP—King of External Routing Protocols
When to Use BGP
Other Uses for BGP
How BGP Works
Sample BGP System
The Future of BGP
Route redistribution 362
Route Redistribution
The Need for Redistribution
Redistribution Issues
When to Use Default Routing
When Not to Use Default Routing
Configuring Default Routing
Quick-and-Dirty Subnetting— No Calculator
Index
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Network Routing Basics Understanding IP Routing in Cisco Systems

Network Routing Basics Understanding IP Routing in Cisco Systems

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Published by: ellybeauty on Aug 17, 2011
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