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Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack

Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack

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Published by Oxfam
Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access to resources influence how each will be affected by different hazards, and how they will cope with and recover from disaster. Unequal power relations between women and men mean that, despite the incredible resilience and capacity for survival that women often exhibit in the face of disaster, they also experience a range of gender-specific vulnerabilities. Oxfam believes that all of its work should strive to strengthen gender equality and women’s rights by transforming the balance of power between women and men. It sees this as both a matter of justice and basic rights, and as a means of addressing poverty and suffering more effectively. This is particularly important in preparing for, and responding to, disasters and the impacts of climate change, as these tend to magnify existing inequalities between women and men. This training pack has been written for Oxfam programme staff, partner organisations and other agencies working in areas associated with DRR. Its purpose is to provide a ‘gender lens’ through which they can plan, implement, and evaluate their work. The focus here is on the operational aspects of projects and programmes, and to a lesser extent on influencing broader institutional policies and practices through policy and advocacy work. The pack aims to develop participants’ skills and competencies in addressing gender issues throughout the project cycle, from assessment, analysis, and planning through to implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.
Understanding how gender relations shape women’s and men’s lives is critical to disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is because women’s and men’s different roles, responsibilities, and access to resources influence how each will be affected by different hazards, and how they will cope with and recover from disaster. Unequal power relations between women and men mean that, despite the incredible resilience and capacity for survival that women often exhibit in the face of disaster, they also experience a range of gender-specific vulnerabilities. Oxfam believes that all of its work should strive to strengthen gender equality and women’s rights by transforming the balance of power between women and men. It sees this as both a matter of justice and basic rights, and as a means of addressing poverty and suffering more effectively. This is particularly important in preparing for, and responding to, disasters and the impacts of climate change, as these tend to magnify existing inequalities between women and men. This training pack has been written for Oxfam programme staff, partner organisations and other agencies working in areas associated with DRR. Its purpose is to provide a ‘gender lens’ through which they can plan, implement, and evaluate their work. The focus here is on the operational aspects of projects and programmes, and to a lesser extent on influencing broader institutional policies and practices through policy and advocacy work. The pack aims to develop participants’ skills and competencies in addressing gender issues throughout the project cycle, from assessment, analysis, and planning through to implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.

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Published by: Oxfam on Aug 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/19/2013

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Gender andDisaster Risk Reduction
A training pack
Maria Caterina Ciampi, Fiona Gell, Lou Lasap, and Edward Turvill
Bima, Indonesia. Photo: Oxfam
 
2
Acknowledgements
These resources were rst developed by Maria Caterina Ciampi, Lou Lasap, Dyvia Mukand, andEdward Turvill. They have been revised and further developed by Fiona Gell, supported by OleyDibba-Wadda, Ines Smyth, and Edward Turvill. Sam Carpenter and Sophie Howsley providedinvaluable support in researching resources and structuring this version, and Joanna Hoare edited thenal draft.Oxfam would also like to thank Ivan Scott, Charlotte Sterrett, Chris Anderson, Catherine Pettengell,Vivien Walden, Javeria Afzal, Isabelle Bremaud, Anthea Gordon, Anna Coryndon, Abigail HumphriesRobertson, Tess Dico-Young, and Rachel Hastie for their input and support.First published by Oxfam GB July 2011 at http://www.oxfam.org.ukOxfam GB, Oxfam House, John Smith Drive, Cowley, Oxford, OX4 2JY, UK
© Oxfam GB
ISBN 978-1-84814-907-6All rights reserved. This publication is copyright, but may be freely reproduced by any method for teaching and programme development, but not for resale. The copyright holder requests that all suchuse be registered with them for impact assessment purposes. For copying in any other circumstances,or for re-use in other publications, or for translation or adaptation, prior written permission must beobtained from the publisher, and a fee may be payable. Email publish@oxfam.org.ukThis e-publication, and information about similar Oxfam publications, is available to download atwww.oxfam.org.uk/publicationsOxfam GB is a member of Oxfam International. Registered Charity No: 202918
 
3
Contents
Introduction 4Module 1: Key concepts and links: gender, disaster risk reduction (DRR) 16
Session 1: Basic concepts in disaster risk reduction 17Session 2: What is gender? 22Session 3: How does gender affect the way people experience disasters? 25
Module 2: Gender mainstreaming and gender analysis in DRR work 32
Session 1: Gender mainstreaming in DRR work 33Session 2: Capacity and vulnerability analysis (CVA) 37Session 3: What is gender analysis? 42Session 4: Gendered analysis of capacity and vulnerability 50Session 5: Other useful tools for assessing capacity and vulnerability 54
Module 3: Gender in programme planning and implementation:participation, empowerment, dignity, and accountability 58
Session 1: Programme planning and design 59Session 2: Programme quality: standards and benchmarks 66Session 3: Programme implementation 71
Module 4: Monitoring and evaluation: Wrap-up session 76
Session 1: Monitoring and evaluation 77Session 2: Workshop summary 81
Equipment needed:
ip chart, markers, pens, sticky notes (post-its), sticky tack (blue tack),
 
metacards (sheets of coloured paper, about half the size of regular A4 printer paper).
Materials needed:
Handouts and PowerPoint slides can be found at
 
www.oxfam.org.uk/genderdrrpack

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