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49697426 English Arabic Dictionary

49697426 English Arabic Dictionary

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Published by: Silviana Abou Nassif Grigore on Aug 18, 2011
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05/12/2014

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AFEWWORDSFROMCHARLESBERLITZWORLDFAMOUSLINGUIST
Letmeintroduceyoutothecassettecourseyouhavechosentostudy.Inityouwillfindthebasicphrasesneededforcommunicationinthislan-guage.Therearetwoimportantthingstoremem-beraboutlearninganewlanguage:Beinterestedinthepeople,theircountryandlanguage.Wanttolearnthelanguage.Practiceitasoftenasyoucan.Nothingismoreeffectiveincreatingafriendlyatmo-sphereandnothingflatterspeoplemorethanwhenaforeignertriestospeaktheirlanguage.ThevoiceonthesecassetteswillsayaphraseinEnglish.Thenyouwillhearthetranslationofthephraserepeatedtwice.Duringthepauseafterthesecondrepetition,repeatthephrasealoud.Trytoimitatethepronunciationasnearlyasyoucan.Readthewordsastheyarespokenonthecas-setteandusetheguidetohelpyourememberthewordsandpronouncethemduringthepauses.Remember,knowingthelanguageisthebestwayofknowingthecountryandenjoyingItmore.CharlesBerlitz
1
PhraseDictionaryandStudyGuide
Arabic
ISBN0-910542-01-5
LAN6UA6E30
EducationalServicesWashington,D.C.
 
ReadtheintroductionbeforeturningoncassetteSIDE1.
INTRODUCTION
Arabicisoneoftheworld'smostancientlanguages.OriginallyspokenintheArabianPeninsulaintheseventhcentury,withtheconquestofIslam,itspreadthroughouttheMiddleEastandasfarwestasSpain.Todayitisthenativelanguageofmorethan192millionpeopleinanareaextendingfromwesternNorthAfricatotheeasternbordersoftheMiddleEast,deepintoAfricaandalongitscoasts.Arabicisanofficiallanguageofmorethantwentynations,comparableinthismultinationalrespectonlytoEnglish,French,andSpanish.ArabicowesitscohesivenesstotheIslamicreligionthroughtheKoran,theHolyBookoftheMoslems.TheKoranhasexercisedaunifyinginflu-enceovertheArabiclanguagewhereveritisspoken,andhasservedlikewiseasalinktotheArabcivilizationoftheMiddleAges.MostMoslemsarequitefamiliarwithArabic,havingstudieditinordertoreadtheKoran.
SpokenArabicdiffersfromcountrytocountry.
AtravelerwhohaslearnedspokenArabiconlyinSaudiArabia,orsay,solelyinLebanonorEgypt,wouldhavedifficultycommunicatingwithArabspeakersthroughouttheMiddleEast.Modern
literary
Arabic,however,isthelanguageofthemassmedia,andisunderstoodeverywhereintheArabworld.LANGUAGE/3DARABICteaches
universal
Arabiccombiningliteraryusagesandspokenphraseswhichavoidcountry-specificidiomsandwordvariations.ThiscoursefurnishesyouwithbasicphrasesyouneedtocommunicateinstandardArabic-whatyouwishtosay,andwhatyoucanexpecttohearinreply.Thephraseswillenableyoutomakeyourselfunderstoodsoyoucanexplainwhatyouwantandfindyourwayabout.Theyareshort,easytorepeatandmemorize,andareusedbyArabic-speakingpeoplemanytimeseveryday.Thenumberofwordsandphrasesemployedindailycon-versationissurprisinglysmall,andthevocabularyofthiscourseincludesandstressesthese.YourrepetitionofthesekeyphraseswillgiveyouaninstinctivegraspofArabicsentencestructureandyoucanmakeyourownsentencesasyoulearnnewwords.Whenyoustartthefirstcassette,youwillhearphrasesinEnglishimmediatelytranslatedintoArabiC,repeatedtwice,andfollowedbyapause.Duringthepause,saytheArabicwordsaloud.
Remember,
youcanalwaysstopthecassetteandrepeatanyphraseyoufeelunsureabout.
Justlisteningisnotenough.
YoumustrepeatthewordsandphrasesaloudasoftenaspOSSi-ble.Saythewordsmanytimestoimpressthemonyourmemory.TheArabicisspokenatnormalconversationalspeedandyoushouldpracticerepeatingatthesamespeed.Testinghasproventhataword
spoken
10to20timeswillimpressitselfonyoursubconsciousmindmorereadilythanaword
read
50
to
100
times.Whenthetwosystemsarecom-bined,asinthiscourse,youwillbesurprisedattheeasewithwhichyouacquireawholenewvocabulary.ArabicwritingreadsfromrighttoleftinsteadoflefttorightasinEnglish.ThebeautifulArabicscripthasbeenusedoverthecenturiesinartandarchitecturaldecorationforitsdelicateandornamentalcalligraphy.TherearemanywordsinEnglishofArabicorigin.SomeofthesewordsdatebacktothedaysofthegreatArabciviliza-tionoftheMiddleAges.WemustalsoincludetheArabs'mostimportantcontributiontotheWest-thesystemofnumbers,andespeciallytheconceptofzero.ArabicwordsinEnglishinclude
algebra
from
aljabr
(thereuniting);
cipher
from
sitr
(zero);
admiral
from
amiralbahr
(lordofthesea):
a/coho/froma/kohl
(antimony);
hashish
from
hasheesh
(driedgrass);
sheik
from
shaikh
(chieforprince):
harem
from
haraam
(forbidden):
coffee-qahwa;sugar-sukkar;camel-jama/;gazelle-ghazaal;
and
Sahara
whichsimplymeans
desert.
Asyoubeginyourstudyofthephrasesections,refertothemiddlecolumnshowingtheArabicwordsandphrasesspelledphonetically.ThespellingusessystematiCapproximationsofii
 
ArabicvowelsandconsonantsbasedonsoundsfamiliartotheearofthespeakerofAmericanEnglish.Theseapproximationsshouldserveonlyasaguidetohelpyoulearnthesoundsys-tem.ThebestwaytoperfectyourpronunciationistolistencloselytotheArabicspeaker.Stopthecassetteasyougoalong,imitate,andrepeat.Notethatlikesoundsthroughoutthetextwillvaryinpronunciationdependingonadjacentsoundsoreventhesocialsituation.Trainingyoureartodetectthesevaria-tionswillsharpennotonlyyourpronunciationskillsbutyourunderstandingofspokenArableaswell.Now,
startthecassetteSIDE
1andproceedwiththetext.iii
GENERALEXPRESSIONS
ENGLISHPRONUNCIATIONARABIC
SALUTATIONS
Goodmorning,Hasan.SabaahalkhayryaHasan.Goodafternoon,Hasan.Masaa'alkhayryaHasan.Howareyou,Sir?Kiifhaalakyasavyidi
!
Howareyou,Madame?Kiifhaalikyasayyidati?Howareyou?Kidhaalkumya~~~
L,..,.JJL..._s.S'
(addressingagroup
jarnaava
ofpeople)DoyouspeakEnglish?Haltatakallamingliizi?
'i
c5;.lSJ1~
J.o.
Yes,alittle.Nacam,qaliilan.
>t.Jj,._-.;
Pleasespeakslowly.Takallamshwayshway
dJ...i,j
0"
'5~
c5~~
minfadlak.IamverypleasedTsharrafna.
W~
tomeetyou.Thankyou.
.~
hukran.Youarewelcome.catwan.Please(addressingaman)MinfadlakPlease(addressingawoman)MintadlikPlease(addressingagroup)MinfadlikumWhereareyoustaying?Antawaynnaazil?IamstayingattheAnasaakinfil'utii!.hotel,Good-byeMaCassalaama
6.>W
I
t:
Good-bye(response)Allahisalmak
.~a.U1

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