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Table Of Contents

1 Sewerage Systems Design
1.1 Standards
1.2 Sources of Information
1.3 Estimation of Flows
1.3.1 Domestic
1.3.2 Industrial
1.3.3 Commercial
1.4 Peaking Factors
1.5 Hydraulic Design
1.5.1 Formulae
1.5.2 Minimum Pipe Sizes and Gradients
1.5.3 Minimum and Maximum Velocities
1.6 Septicity in Sewage, Odour Control and Ventilation
1.6.1 Explosion and Combustion Risk
1.6.2 Corrosion
1.6.3 Impact on Subsequent Treatment Processes
1.6.4 Odours
1.6.5 General Design Guidelines for Odour Control in Sewerage Systems
1.7 Pipeline Materials and Jointing
1.8 Pipe Bedding Calculations for Narrow and Wide Trench Conditions
1.8.1 Bedding Design for Rigid Pipes
1.8.2 Bedding Factors
1.8.3 Design Strength
1.9 Manhole Positioning
1.10 House Connections
1.11 Construction Depths
• Sewer System Manholes
1.12.1 Inspection Chambers
1.12.2 Sewer System Manholes
1.12.3 Elements of Design
1.13 Industrial Wastes
1.14 Septic and Sewage Holding Tanks
1.14.1 Design of Septic Tanks and Soakaways
1.14.2 Sewage Holding Tanks
1.15 Oil and Grease Interceptors
1.16 Flow Attenuation Methods
1.16.1 Flow Controls
1.16.2 Attenuation Storage Tanks and Sewers
1.17 Abandonment of Sewers
2 Pumping Stations
2.1 Standards
2.2 Hydraulic Design
2.2.1 Hydraulic Principles
2.2.2 Pump Arrangements
2.3 Rising Main Design
2.3.1 Rising Main Diameters
2.3.2 Twin Rising Mains
2.3.3 Economic Analysis
2.3.4 Rising Main Alignment
2.4 Maximum and Minimum Velocities
2.5 Pipe Materials
2.6 Thrust Blocks
2.7 Air Valves and Washout Facilities
2.7.1 Air Valves
2.7.2 Vented Non-return Valves
2.7.3 Wash – Outs
2.7.4 Isolating Valves
2.8 Flow Meters
2.8.1 Application and Selection
2.8.2 Magnetic Flowmeters
2.8.3 Ultrasonic Flowmeters
2.9 Surge Protection Measures
2.10 Screens
2.11 Pumping Station Selection
2.12 Pumps and Motors
2.13 Sump Design
2.14 Suction/Delivery Pipework, and Valves
2.15 Pumping System Characteristics
2.16 Sump Pumps and Over-Pumping Facilities
2.17 Power Calculations including Standby Generation
2.17.1 Introduction
2.17.2 Load Type
2.17.3 Site condition
2.17.4 Generator set operation and control
2.17.5 Type of installation
2.17.6 Type of Control Panel
2.17.7 Ventilation system
2.17.8 Fuel system
2.17.9 Starting method
2.17.10 Service facility
2.17.11 Generator set sizing
2.18 Switch Gear and Control Panels
2.18.1 Type–tested and partially type tested assemblies (TTA and PTTA)
2.18.2 Total connected load
2.18.3 Short circuit level
2.18.4 Type of co-ordination
2.18.5 Form of internal separation
2.18.6 Bus Bar rating
2.18.7 Type of starter
2.18.8 Protection device
2.18.9 Interlocking facility
2.18.10 Accessibility
2.18.11 Cable entry
2.19.1 PLC
2.19.2 RTU
2.19.3 SCADA and Telemetry Systems
2.20 Lighting
2.20.1 Light Fitting Selection Criteria
2.23.1 Ventilation
2.23.2 Odour Control
2.23.3 Air Conditioning
2.24 Structural Design
2.24.1 Substructures
2.24.2 Superstructures
2.25 Site Boundary Wall/Fence
2.26 Site Facilities
3 Documentation
3.1 Reference Standards
3.2 House Connection Survey
3.3 Building Permit
4 Health and Safety
5 Trenchless Technologies
5.1 Alternative Techniques
5.1.1 Pipe jacking (Open/Close Face)
5.1.2 Microtunnelling (Closed Face)
5.1.3 Directional drilling
5.2 Planning and Selection of Techniques
5.2.1 Initial Planning
5.2.2 Selection Criteria
5.2.3 Factors Affecting Choice Of Method
5.3 Geotechnical Investigations
5.3.1 Geological Strata Overview
5.3.2 Groundwater Regime
5.3.3 Soil/Rock properties
5.3.4 Indicative Scope of Interpretative Reporting
5.4 Design
5.4.1 Feasibility Study
5.4.2 Pipe Design
5.4.3 Shaft Design
5.5.2 Noise
5.5.3 Dust
5.6 Approvals – Procedures and Formats
5.6.1 Guidance for Design Check
5.7 Risk Assessment
5.8 Trenchless Construction References
6 References
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QT00129 Vol2 Final

QT00129 Vol2 Final

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Published by Waseem Siddique

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Published by: Waseem Siddique on Aug 18, 2011
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05/01/2013

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