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Calculus Early Transcendentals 8th Edition Solution Manual Chapter_03

# Calculus Early Transcendentals 8th Edition Solution Manual Chapter_03

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03/29/2013

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January 27, 2005 11:43 L24-ch03 Sheet number 1 Page number 75 black
75
CHAPTER 3
The Derivative
EXERCISE SET 3.1
1. (a)
m
tan
= (50
10)
/
(15
5)= 40
/
10= 4 m/s
(b)
(s)410 20
v
(m/s)
2. (a)
m
tan
(90
0)
/
(10
2)= 90
/
8= 11
.
25 m/s
(b)
m
tan
(140
0)
/
(10
4)= 140
/
6
23
.
33 m/s
3. (a)
m
tan
= (600
0)
/
(20
2
.
2)= 600
/
17
.
8
33
.
71 m/s
(b)
m
tan
(820
600)
/
(20
16)= 220
/
4= 55 m/sThe speed is increasing with time.
4. (a)
(10
10)
/
(3
0) = 0 cm/s
(b)
t
= 0,
t
= 2, and
t
= 4
.
2 (horizontal tangent line)
(c)
maximum:
t
= 1 (slope
>
0) minimum:
t
= 3 (slope
<
0)
(d)
(3
18)
/
(4
2) =
7
.
5 cm/s (slope of estimated tangent line to curve at
t
= 3)
5.
From the ﬁgure:
s
0
1
2
(a)
The particle is moving faster at time
t
0
because the slope of the tangent to the curve at
t
0
isgreater than that at
t
2
.
(b)
The initial velocity is 0 because the slope of a horizontal line is 0.
(c)
The particle is speeding up because the slope increases as
t
increases from
t
0
to
t
1
.
(d)
The particle is slowing down because the slope decreases as
t
increases from
t
1
to
t
2
.
6.
s
0
1
7.
It is a straight line with slope equal to the velocity.
8. (a)
decreasing (slope of tangent line decreases with increasing time)
(b)
increasing (slope of tangent line increases with increasing time)
(c)
increasing (slope of tangent line increases with increasing time)
(d)
decreasing (slope of tangent line decreases with increasing time)

January 27, 2005 11:43 L24-ch03 Sheet number 2 Page number 76 black
76 Chapter 3
9. (a)
m
sec
=
(1)
(0)1
0=21= 2
(b)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
0
(
x
1
)
(0)
x
1
0= lim
x
1
0
2
x
21
0
x
1
0= lim
x
1
0
2
x
1
= 0
(c)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
2
x
21
2
x
20
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(2
x
1
+ 2
x
0
)= 4
x
0
(d)
2 1 1 2–1123
x y
SecantTangent
10. (a)
m
sec
=
(2)
(1)2
1=2
3
1
3
1= 7
(b)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
1
(
x
1
)
(1)
x
1
1= lim
x
1
1
x
31
1
x
1
1= lim
x
1
1
(
x
1
1)(
x
21
+
x
1
+ 1)
x
1
1= lim
x
1
1
(
x
21
+
x
1
+ 1) = 3
(c)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
x
31
x
30
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
21
+
x
1
x
0
+
x
20
)= 3
x
20
(d)
x y
SecantTangent59
11. (a)
m
sec
=
(3)
(2)3
2=1
/
3
1
/
21=
16
(b)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
2
(
x
1
)
(2)
x
1
2= lim
x
1
2
1
/x
1
1
/
2
x
1
2= lim
x
1
2
2
x
1
2
x
1
(
x
1
2)= lim
x
1
2
12
x
1
=
14
(c)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
1
/x
1
1
/x
0
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
x
0
x
1
x
0
x
1
(
x
1
x
0
)= lim
x
1
x
0
1
x
0
x
1
=
1
x
20
(d)
x y
SecantTangent14

January 27, 2005 11:43 L24-ch03 Sheet number 3 Page number 77 black
Exercise Set 3.1 77
12. (a)
m
sec
=
(2)
(1)2
1=1
/
4
11=
34
(b)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
1
(
x
1
)
(1)
x
1
1= lim
x
1
1
1
/x
21
1
x
1
1= lim
x
1
1
1
x
21
x
21
(
x
1
1)= lim
x
1
1
(
x
1
+ 1)
x
21
=
2
(c)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
1
/x
21
1
/x
20
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
x
20
x
21
x
20
x
21
(
x
1
x
0
)= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
+
x
0
)
x
20
x
21
=
2
x
30
(d)
x y
TangentSecant12
13. (a)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
21
1)
(
x
20
1)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
21
x
20
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
+
x
0
) = 2
x
0
(b)
m
tan
= 2(
1) =
2
14. (a)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
21
+ 3
x
1
+ 2)
(
x
20
+ 3
x
0
+ 2)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
21
x
20
) + 3(
x
1
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
+
x
0
+ 3) = 2
x
0
+ 3
(b)
m
tan
= 2(2) + 3 = 7
15. (a)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
x
1
x
0
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
1
x
1
+
x
0
=12
x
0
(b)
m
tan
=12
1=12
16. (a)
m
tan
= lim
x
1
x
0
(
x
1
)
(
x
0
)
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
1
/
x
1
1
/
x
0
x
1
x
0
= lim
x
1
x
0
x
0
x
1
x
0
x
1
(
x
1
x
0
)= lim
x
1
x
0
1
x
0
x
1
(
x
1
+
x
0
)=
12
x
3
/
20
(b)
m
tan
=
12(4)
3
/
2
=
116
17. (a)
72
(b)
43)
/
6 = 4
F/h
(c)
decreasing most rapidly at about 9 P.M.; rate of change of temperature is about
7
F/h(slope of estimated tangent line to curve at 9 P.M.)