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Calculus Early Transcendentals 8th Edition Solution Manual Chapter_08

Calculus Early Transcendentals 8th Edition Solution Manual Chapter_08

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01/14/2013

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January 27, 2005 11:45 L24-CH08 Sheet number 1 Page number 337 black
337
CHAPTER 8
Principles of Integral Valuation
EXERCISE SET 8.1
1.
u
= 4
2
x,du
=
2
dx,
12
 
u
3
du
=
18
u
4
+
=
18(4
2
x
)
4
+
2.
u
= 4 + 2
x,du
= 2
dx,
32
 
udu
=
u
3
/
2
+
= (4 + 2
x
)
3
/
2
+
3.
u
=
x
2
,du
= 2
xdx,
12
 
sec
2
udu
=12tan
u
+
=12tan(
x
2
) +
4.
u
=
x
2
,du
= 2
xdx,
2
 
tan
udu
=
2ln
|
cos
u
|
+
=
2ln
|
cos(
x
2
)
|
+
5.
u
= 2 + cos3
x,du
=
3sin3
xdx,
13
 
duu
=
13ln
|
u
|
+
=
13ln(2 + cos3
x
) +
6.
u
=23
x,du
=23
dx,
16
 
du
1 +
u
2
=16tan
1
u
+
=16tan
1
23
x
+
7.
u
=
e
x
,du
=
e
x
dx,
 
sinh
udu
= cosh
u
+
= cosh
e
x
+
8.
u
= ln
x,du
=1
xdx,
 
sec
u
tan
udu
= sec
u
+
= sec(ln
x
) +
9.
u
= tan
x,du
= sec
2
xdx,
 
e
u
du
=
e
u
+
=
e
tan
x
+
10.
u
=
x
2
,du
= 2
xdx,
12
 
du
1
u
2
=12sin
1
u
+
=12sin
1
(
x
2
) +
11.
u
= cos5
x,du
=
5sin5
xdx,
15
 
u
5
du
=
130
u
6
+
=
130cos
6
5
x
+
12.
u
= sin
x,du
= cos
xdx,
 
duu
u
2
+ 1=
ln
1 +
1 +
u
2
u
+
=
ln
1 +
 
1 + sin
2
x
sin
x
+
13.
u
=
e
x
,du
=
e
x
dx,
 
du
4 +
u
2
= ln
u
+
 
u
2
+ 4
+
= ln
e
x
+
 
e
2
x
+ 4
+
14.
u
= tan
1
x,du
=11 +
x
2
dx,
 
e
u
du
=
e
u
+
=
e
tan
1
x
+
15.
u
=
x
1
,du
=12
x
1
dx,
2
 
e
u
du
= 2
e
u
+
= 2
e
x
1
+
16.
u
=
x
2
+ 2
x,du
= (2
x
+ 2)
dx,
12
 
cot
udu
=12ln
|
sin
u
|
+
=12lnsin
|
x
2
+ 2
x
|
+
17.
u
=
x,du
=12
xdx,
 
2cosh
udu
= 2sinh
u
+
= 2sinh
x
+
 
January 27, 2005 11:45 L24-CH08 Sheet number 2 Page number 338 black
338 Chapter 8
18.
u
= ln
x,du
=
dxx,
 
duu
2
=
1
u
+
=
1ln
x
+
19.
u
=
x,du
=12
xdx,
 
2
du
3
u
= 2
 
e
u
ln3
du
=
2ln3
e
u
ln3
+
=
2ln33
x
+
20.
u
= sin
θ,du
= cos
θdθ,
 
sec
u
tan
udu
= sec
u
+
= sec(sin
θ
) +
21.
u
=2
x,du
=
2
x
2
dx,
12
 
csch
2
udu
=12coth
u
+
=12coth2
x
+
22.
 
dx
x
2
4= ln
x
+
 
x
2
4
+
23.
u
=
e
x
,du
=
e
x
dx,
 
du
4
u
2
=
14ln
2 +
u
2
u
+
=
14ln
2 +
e
x
2
e
x
+
24.
u
= ln
x,du
=1
xdx,
 
cos
udu
= sin
u
+
= sin(ln
x
) +
25.
u
=
e
x
,du
=
e
x
dx,
 
e
x
dx
1
e
2
x
=
 
du
1
u
2
= sin
1
u
+
= sin
1
e
x
+
26.
u
=
x
1
/
2
,du
=
12
x
3
/
2
dx,
 
2sinh
udu
=
2cosh
u
+
=
2cosh(
x
1
/
2
) +
27.
u
=
x
2
,du
= 2
xdx,
12
 
du
csc
u
=12
 
sin
udu
=
12cos
u
+
=
12cos(
x
2
) +
28.
2
u
=
e
x
,
2
du
=
e
x
dx,
 
2
du
4
4
u
2
= sin
1
u
+
= sin
1
(
e
x
/
2) +
29.
4
x
2
=
e
x
2
ln4
,u
=
x
2
ln4
,du
=
2
x
ln4
dx
=
x
ln16
dx,
1ln16
 
e
u
du
=
1ln16
e
u
+
=
1ln16
e
x
2
ln4
+
=
1ln164
x
2
+
30.
2
πx
=
e
πx
ln2
,
 
2
πx
dx
=1
π
ln2
e
πx
ln2
+
=1
π
ln22
πx
+
31. (a)
u
= sin
x,du
= cos
xdx,
 
udu
=12
u
2
+
=12sin
2
x
+
(b)
 
sin
x
cos
xdx
=12
 
sin2
xdx
=
14cos2
x
+
=
14(cos
2
x
sin
2
x
) +
(c)
14(cos
2
x
sin
2
x
) +
=
14(1
sin
2
x
sin
2
x
) +
=
14+12sin
2
x
+
,and this is the same as the answer in part (a) except for the constants.
32. (a)
sech2
x
=1cosh2
x
=1cosh
2
x
+ sinh
2
x
(now multiply top and bottom by sech
2
x
)=sech
2
x
1 + tanh
2
x
 
January 27, 2005 11:45 L24-CH08 Sheet number 3 Page number 339 black
Exercise Set 8.2 339
(b)
 
sech2
xdx
=
 
sech
2
x
1 + tanh
2
xdx
= tan
1
(tanh
x
) +
, or, replacing 2
x
with
x
,
 
sech
xdx
= tan
1
(tanh(
x/
2)) +
(c)
sech
x
=1cosh
x
=2
e
x
+
e
x
=2
e
x
e
2
x
+ 1
(d)
 
sech
xdx
= 2
 
e
x
e
2
x
+ 1
dx
= 2tan
1
(
e
x
) +
33. (a)
sec
2
x
tan
x
=1cos
2
x
tan
x
=1cos
x
sin
x
(b)
csc2
x
=1sin2
x
=12sin
x
cos
x
=12sec
2
x
tan
x
, so
 
csc2
xdx
=12lntan
x
+
(c)
sec
x
=1cos
x
=1sin(
π/
2
x
)= csc(
π/
2
x
), so
 
sec
xdx
=
 
csc(
π/
2
x
)
dx
=
12lntan(
π/
2
x
) +
EXERCISE SET 8.2
1.
u
=
x
,
dv
=
e
2
x
dx
,
du
=
dx
,
v
=
12
e
2
x
;
 
xe
2
x
dx
=
12
xe
2
x
+
 
12
e
2
x
dx
=
12
xe
2
x
14
e
2
x
+
2.
u
=
x
,
dv
=
e
3
x
dx
,
du
=
dx
,
v
=13
e
3
x
;
 
xe
3
x
dx
=13
xe
3
x
13
 
e
3
x
dx
=13
xe
3
x
19
e
3
x
+
3.
u
=
x
2
,
dv
=
e
x
dx
,
du
= 2
xdx
,
v
=
e
x
;
 
x
2
e
x
dx
=
x
2
e
x
2
 
xe
x
dx
.For
 
xe
x
dx
use
u
=
x
,
dv
=
e
x
dx
,
du
=
dx
,
v
=
e
x
to get
 
xe
x
dx
=
xe
x
e
x
+
1
so
 
x
2
e
x
dx
=
x
2
e
x
2
xe
x
+ 2
e
x
+
4.
u
=
x
2
,
dv
=
e
2
x
dx
,
du
= 2
xdx
,
v
=
12
e
2
x
;
 
x
2
e
2
x
dx
=
12
x
2
e
2
x
+
 
xe
2
x
dx
For
 
xe
2
x
dx
use
u
=
x
,
dv
=
e
2
x
dx
to get
 
xe
2
x
dx
=
12
xe
2
x
+12
 
e
2
x
dx
=
12
xe
2
x
14
e
2
x
+
so
 
x
2
e
2
x
dx
=
12
x
2
e
2
x
12
xe
2
x
14
e
2
x
+
5.
u
=
x
,
dv
= sin3
xdx
,
du
=
dx
,
v
=
13cos3
x
;
 
x
sin3
xdx
=
13
x
cos3
x
+13
 
cos3
xdx
=
13
x
cos3
x
+19sin3
x
+

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