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Calculus Early Transcendentals 8th Edition Solution Manual Chapter_11Ratings: (0)|Views: 700|Likes: 6

Published by Karan Nayak

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/62563036/Calculus-Early-Transcendentals-8th-Edition-Solution-Manual-Chapter-11

01/17/2013

text

original

January 27, 2005 11:47 L24-ch11 Sheet number 1 Page number 475 black

475

CHAPTER 11

Analytic Geometry in Calculus

EXERCISE SET 11.1

1.

(1,

6

)(3,

3

)(4,

e

)(–1,

r

)0

c

/

2(5,

8

)(–6, –

p

)

2.

( ,

L

)

32

0

c

/

2(

–

3,

i

)(

–

5,

@

)(2,

$

)(0,

c

)(2,

g

)

3. (a)

(3

√

3

,

3)

(b)

(

−

7

/

2

,

7

√

3

/

2)

(c)

(3

√

3

,

3)

(d)

(0

,

0)

(e)

(

−

7

√

3

/

2

,

7

/

2)

(f)

(

−

5

,

0)

4. (a)

(

−√

2

,

−√

2)

(b)

(3

√

2

,

−

3

√

2)

(c)

(2

√

2

,

2

√

2)

(d)

(3

,

0)

(e)

(0

,

−

4)

(f)

(0

,

0)

5. (a)

(5

,π

)

,

(5

,

−

π

)

(b)

(4

,

11

π/

6)

,

(4

,

−

π/

6)

(c)

(2

,

3

π/

2)

,

(2

,

−

π/

2)

(d)

(8

√

2

,

5

π/

4)

,

(8

√

2

,

−

3

π/

4)

(e)

(6

,

2

π/

3)

,

(6

,

−

4

π/

3)

(f)

(

√

2

,π/

4)

,

(

√

2

,

−

7

π/

4)

6. (a)

(2

,

5

π/

6)

(b)

(

−

2

,

11

π/

6)

(c)

(2

,

−

7

π/

6)

(d)

(

−

2

,

−

π/

6)

7. (a)

(5

,

0

.

9273)

(b)

(10

,

−

0

.

92730)

(c)

(1

.

27155

,

−

0

.

66577)

8. (a)

(5

,

2

.

2143)

(b)

(3

.

4482

,

2

.

6260)

(c)

(

4 +

π

2

/

36

,

0

.

2561)

9. (a)

r

2

=

x

2

+

y

2

= 4; circle

(b)

y

= 4; horizontal line

(c)

r

2

= 3

r

cos

θ

,

x

2

+

y

2

= 3

x

, (

x

−

3

/

2)

2

+

y

2

= 9

/

4; circle

(d)

3

r

cos

θ

+ 2

r

sin

θ

= 6, 3

x

+ 2

y

= 6; line

10. (a)

r

cos

θ

= 5,

x

= 5; vertical line

(b)

r

2

= 2

r

sin

θ

,

x

2

+

y

2

= 2

y

,

x

2

+ (

y

−

1)

2

= 1; circle

(c)

r

2

= 4

r

cos

θ

+ 4

r

sin

θ, x

2

+

y

2

= 4

x

+ 4

y,

(

x

−

2)

2

+ (

y

−

2)

2

= 8; circle

(d)

r

=1cos

θ

sin

θ

cos

θ

,

r

cos

2

θ

= sin

θ

,

r

2

cos

2

θ

=

r

sin

θ

,

x

2

=

y

; parabola

11. (a)

r

cos

θ

= 3

(b)

r

=

√

7

(c)

r

2

+ 6

r

sin

θ

= 0,

r

=

−

6sin

θ

(d)

9(

r

cos

θ

)(

r

sin

θ

) = 4, 9

r

2

sin

θ

cos

θ

= 4,

r

2

sin2

θ

= 8

/

9

12. (a)

r

sin

θ

=

−

3

(b)

r

=

√

5

(c)

r

2

+ 4

r

cos

θ

= 0,

r

=

−

4cos

θ

(d)

r

4

cos

2

θ

=

r

2

sin

2

θ

,

r

2

= tan

2

θ

,

r

= tan

θ

January 27, 2005 11:47 L24-ch11 Sheet number 2 Page number 476 black

476 Chapter 11

13.

0

c

/

2

–

3

–

333

r

= 3sin2

θ

14.

–

33

–

2.252.25

r

= 2cos3

θ

15.

0

c

/

2

–

4 4

–

1

r

= 3

−

4sin3

θ

16.

0

c

/

2

r

= 2 + 2sin

θ

17. (a)

r

= 5

(b)

(

x

−

3)

2

+

y

2

= 9

, r

= 6cos

θ

(c)

Example 6,

r

= 1

−

cos

θ

18. (a)

From (8-9),

r

=

a

±

b

sin

θ

or

r

=

a

±

b

cos

θ

. The curve is not symmetric about the

y

-axis,so Theorem 11.1.1(a) eliminates the sine function, thus

r

=

a

±

b

cos

θ

. The cartesian point(

−

3

,

0) is either the polar point (3

,π

) or (

−

3

,

0), and the cartesian point (

−

1

,

0) is eitherthe polar point (1

,π

) or (

−

1

,

0). A solution is

a

= 1

,b

=

−

2; we may take the equation as

r

= 1

−

2cos

θ

.

(b)

x

2

+ (

y

+ 3

/

2)

2

= 9

/

4

,r

=

−

3sin

θ

(c)

Figure 11.1.18,

a

= 1

,n

= 3

,r

= sin3

θ

19. (a)

Figure 11.1.18,

a

= 3

,n

= 2

,r

= 3sin2

θ

(b)

From (8-9), symmetry about the

y

-axis and Theorem 11.1.1(b), the equation is of the form

r

=

a

±

b

sin

θ

. The cartesian points (3

,

0) and (0

,

5) give

a

= 3 and 5 =

a

+

b

, so

b

= 2 and

r

= 3 + 2sin

θ

.

(c)

Example 8,

r

2

= 9cos2

θ

20. (a)

Example 6 rotated through

π/

2 radian:

a

= 3

,r

= 3

−

3sin

θ

(b)

Figure 11.1.18,

a

= 1

,r

= cos5

θ

(c)

x

2

+ (

y

−

2)

2

= 4,

r

= 4sin

θ

January 27, 2005 11:47 L24-ch11 Sheet number 3 Page number 477 black

Exercise Set 11.1 477

21.

Line

4

22.

Line

(

23.

Circle

3

24.

4

Circle

25.

6

Circle

26.

12

Cardioid

27.

Circle

12

28.

42

Cardioid

29.

Cardioid

36

30.

510

Cardioid

31.

48

Cardioid

32.

131

Lima

ç

on

33.

12

Cardioid

34.

174

Lima

ç

on

35.

321

Lima

ç

on

36.

423

Lima

ç

on

37.

Lima

ç

on

317

38.

258

Lima

ç

on

39.

35

Lima

ç

on

7

40.

317

Lima

ç

on

41.

Lemniscate

1

42.

3

Lemniscate

43.

Lemniscate

4

44.

Spiral

2

c

4

c

6

c

8

c

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