the French wine variety of average ripeness period. Thanks tosmall maintenance of tannins in this variety, Merlot gives more gentleearly ripening wine. Except for France this grade is widespread inCalifornia, Italy and Bulgaria.
the French grape variety of average-late ripeness period. It is used for preparation of table wines and high-qualitychampagne wine materials. Cabernet - Sauvignon possesses the same popularity, as white variety Chardonnay. Its sated deep color of a thick skin makes wine dark and fragrant. The big content of tannin in a peel of berries allows to mature the wines made from this variety for a long period. Wines from Cabernet-Sauvignon are usually matured in oak barrels .An outstanding Russian winemaker prince Lev Sergeevich Golitsyn repeated:"Grapes and wine are a product of district".The success of sparkling wines "Abrau-Durso" is certainly connected with soil-climatic conditions of the given district, with so called terrioir.
- is the set of soil-climatic factors and especialcharacteristics of district (a relief, a rose of winds, presence of water reservoirs,forest areas, surrounding fauna and flora), defining type and features of wine.Frenchmen often use the term " taste of terrioir " for the description of shades inwines which in their opinion are provided directly with ground on which therods grow.The terrioirs of "Abrau-Durso" and provinces Champagne are very similar:
The territory of Champagne more 70 million years ago has been covered by the sea that explains modern structure of ground. Cretaceousadjournment provide to vineyards of this region a good drainage andriches of mineral shades by which the best sparkling wines are sointeresting..
Soils of Abrau-Djurso are composed basically of limestones, chalky clay,gravels and the firm cement stone, that are the cretaceous adjournment of cretaceous and tertiary period when the bottom of ocean was here. Thenearness of Black sea for "Abrau-Durso" is a fine regulator of temperature. The average annual temperature for many years of supervision is equal 11, 4
C (in a province Champagne - 10,0
C ).Quantity of annual mean rainfall is equally 511 mm. The sum of activetemperatures for a year - 3557
C.The most important factor, which exerts an influence upon the quality of sparkling wines “Abrau-Durso” is the ecosystem of Peninsula Abrau, most part