Russian collection champagne & Red matured sparkling wine
Vineyards "Abrau-Durso" are located on slopes
of mountains at height of 130m above sea level. The area of fructifying
vineyards makes 371 hectares. In 2007 eight hectares of young vineyards have
been planted, rods have been received from nursery of the Austrian school of
wine growing Tschida. By the end of 2007 it is also planned to plant 79
The following grades of classical sparkling grapes are grown in AbrauDurso:
- Chardonnay: the French valuable wine variety of average ripeness
period. The native land of this grapes - Burgundy. It makes about 1 %
from all grapes which grow up in the world. It is a steady, strong grade. It
is used in manufacturing of long-living white wines, and also for
preparation of champagne wine materials of very high quality. Taste of
wines from Chardonnay is gentle fruit, sometimes in it is present a
vanilla shade of oak barrels.
- Pinot-Franc: the French wine variety of early ripeness period. It is used
for preparation of champagne wine materials of very high quality.
- Pinot-Blanc: the Native land of a grade - France (Burgundy). It is widely
spread in all winegrowing areas of the world, except for the extremely
northern and extremely southern zones. Pinot-Blanc - the typical wine
variety of an average ripeness period. At enough amount of heat for
autumn months Pinot-Blanc is capable to high percent of sugar content at
steady preservation of acidity. The crop is used for preparation of table
wines and champagne wine materials of high quality.
- Riesling: the German valuable wine variety of average ripeness period. It
is rather cold-resistant. It is used for preparation of the best table wines,
high-quality champagne wine materials and grape juice. Riesling is
considered one of the best varieties of grapes in the world, possessing
high acidity. The endurance of maturing of wines made from Riesling,
can count tens years
- Aligote: the French wine grade of average ripeness period. It is used for
preparation of table wines, grape juice, champagnes and wine materials.
- Merlot: the French wine variety of average ripeness period. Thanks to
small maintenance of tannins in this variety, Merlot gives more gentle
early ripening wine. Except for France this grade is widespread in
California, Italy and Bulgaria.
- Cabernet-Sauvignon: the French grape variety of average-late ripeness
period. It is used for preparation of table wines and high-quality
champagne wine materials. Cabernet - Sauvignon possesses the same
popularity, as white variety Chardonnay. Its sated deep color of a thick
skin makes wine dark and fragrant. The big content of tannin in a peel of
berries allows to mature the wines made from this variety for a long
period. Wines from Cabernet-Sauvignon are usually matured in oak
An outstanding Russian winemaker prince Lev Sergeevich Golitsyn repeated:
"Grapes and wine are a product of district".
The success of sparkling wines "Abrau-Durso" is certainly connected with soil-
climatic conditions of the given district, with so called terrioir.
- is the set of soil-climatic factors and especial
characteristics of district (a relief, a rose of winds, presence of water reservoirs,
forest areas, surrounding fauna and flora), defining type and features of wine.
Frenchmen often use the term " taste of terrioir " for the description of shades in
wines which in their opinion are provided directly with ground on which the
The terrioirs of "Abrau-Durso" and provinces Champagne are very similar:
- The territory of Champagne more 70 million years ago has been covered
by the sea that explains modern structure of ground. Cretaceous
adjournment provide to vineyards of this region a good drainage and
riches of mineral shades by which the best sparkling wines are so
- Soils of Abrau-Djurso are composed basically of limestones, chalky clay,
gravels and the firm cement stone, that are the cretaceous adjournment of
cretaceous and tertiary period when the bottom of ocean was here. The
nearness of Black sea for "Abrau-Durso" is a fine regulator of
temperature. The average annual temperature for many years of
supervision is equal 11, 4oC (in a province Champagne - 10,0 oC ).
Quantity of annual mean rainfall is equally 511 mm. The sum of active
temperatures for a year - 3557oC.
The most important factor, which exerts an influence upon the quality of
sparkling wines “Abrau-Durso” is the ecosystem of Peninsula Abrau, most part
of which belongs to territory of the North-Caucasian wildlife refuge. The large
forest areas, surrounding Abrau, partly smooth inconsistent influences of a
continental climate, but frosts here are not a rarity. However, to such a unicue
placement of wineyards and the long vegetative period champagne "AbrauDurso” is obliged by it’s aromatic subtlety.