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Abrau Durso "Terrior"

Abrau Durso "Terrior"

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Published by: wtdocuments on Aug 18, 2011
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08/18/2011

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Terrior "Abrau-Durso"
Russian collection champagne & Red matured sparkling wine
 
Vineyards "Abrau-Durso" are located on slopesof mountains at height of 130m above sea level. The area of fructifying vineyards makes 371 hectares. In 2007 eight hectares of young vineyards havebeen planted, rods have been received from nursery of the Austrian school of wine growing Tschida. By the end of 2007 it is also planned to plant 79hectares.
The following grades of classical sparkling grapes are grown in Abrau-Durso:
WHITE:
Chardonnay:
the French valuable wine variety of average ripeness period. The native land of this grapes - Burgundy. It makes about 1 %from all grapes which grow up in the world. It is a steady, strong grade. Itis used in manufacturing of long-living white wines, and also for  preparation of champagne wine materials of very high quality. Taste of wines from Chardonnay is gentle fruit, sometimes in it is present avanilla shade of oak barrels.
Pinot-Franc:
the French wine variety of early ripeness period. It is usedfor preparation of champagne wine materials of very high quality.
Pinot-Blanc:
the Native land of a grade - France (Burgundy). It is widelyspread in all winegrowing areas of the world, except for the extremelynorthern and extremely southern zones. Pinot-Blanc - the typical winevariety of an average ripeness period. At enough amount of heat for autumn months Pinot-Blanc is capable to high percent of sugar content atsteady preservation of acidity. The crop is used for preparation of tablewines and champagne wine materials of high quality.
Riesling:
the German valuable wine variety of average ripeness period. Itis rather cold-resistant. It is used for preparation of the best table wines,high-quality champagne wine materials and grape juice. Riesling isconsidered one of the best varieties of grapes in the world, possessinghigh acidity. The endurance of maturing of wines made from Riesling,can count tens years
Aligote:
the French wine grade of average ripeness period. It is used for  preparation of table wines, grape juice, champagnes and wine materials.
RED:
 
Merlot:
the French wine variety of average ripeness period. Thanks tosmall maintenance of tannins in this variety, Merlot gives more gentleearly ripening wine. Except for France this grade is widespread inCalifornia, Italy and Bulgaria.
Cabernet-Sauvignon:
the French grape variety of average-late ripeness period. It is used for preparation of table wines and high-qualitychampagne wine materials. Cabernet - Sauvignon possesses the same popularity, as white variety Chardonnay. Its sated deep color of a thick skin makes wine dark and fragrant. The big content of tannin in a peel of  berries allows to mature the wines made from this variety for a long period. Wines from Cabernet-Sauvignon are usually matured in oak  barrels .An outstanding Russian winemaker prince Lev Sergeevich Golitsyn repeated:"Grapes and wine are a product of district".The success of sparkling wines "Abrau-Durso" is certainly connected with soil-climatic conditions of the given district, with so called terrioir.
Terrior
- is the set of soil-climatic factors and especialcharacteristics of district (a relief, a rose of winds, presence of water reservoirs,forest areas, surrounding fauna and flora), defining type and features of wine.Frenchmen often use the term " taste of terrioir " for the description of shades inwines which in their opinion are provided directly with ground on which therods grow.The terrioirs of "Abrau-Durso" and provinces Champagne are very similar:
The territory of Champagne more 70 million years ago has been covered by the sea that explains modern structure of ground. Cretaceousadjournment provide to vineyards of this region a good drainage andriches of mineral shades by which the best sparkling wines are sointeresting..
Soils of Abrau-Djurso are composed basically of limestones, chalky clay,gravels and the firm cement stone, that are the cretaceous adjournment of cretaceous and tertiary period when the bottom of ocean was here. Thenearness of Black sea for "Abrau-Durso" is a fine regulator of temperature. The average annual temperature for many years of supervision is equal 11, 4
o
C (in a province Champagne - 10,0
o
C ).Quantity of annual mean rainfall is equally 511 mm. The sum of activetemperatures for a year - 3557
o
C.The most important factor, which exerts an influence upon the quality of sparkling wines “Abrau-Durso” is the ecosystem of Peninsula Abrau, most part

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