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Table Of Contents

General Objectives
Specific Objectives
2.1.1History of Biochar
2.1.2 Chemical Composition
2.1.3 Types of Biochar
2.1.4 Importance of Biochar
2.1.5 LIMITATION TO BIOCHAR USES
2.2.1 Biomass
2.2.1.1 Chemical Composition of Biomass
Fig 2-6 The molecular structure of cellulose
Figure 2-7 The chemical structure of softwood hemicellulose
Figure 2-8 The structure of the three main components of lignin
2.2.1.2 Saw Dust and Wood Shavings
2.2.1.2.1 Science of sawdust
2.2.1.2.1 Properties of Saw Dust and Wood Shavings
Table 2.1 Mechanical and Physical Properties of Some Selected Wood Species
2.3.1 Pyrolysis
Fig 2-9 Pyrolysis Flow chart
2.3.1.1 History of pyrolysis
Pyrolysis Flow chart
2.3.1.2 Pyrolysis Process Types
Table 2.2 Summary of The Various Types Of Pyrolysis
2.3.1.3 Processes of Pyrolysis
2.3.2 CHEMICAL REACTOR
2.3.2.1 Types of pyrolyzers
2. Circulating Fluidized Bed Pyrolyzers
3. The Rotating Plate Pyrolyzers
Fig 2-13 Rotating Cone Pyrolyzer
2.3.3.1.1 Principles of Thermocouples
2.3.3.1.2 Types of Thermocouples
Table 2.3 Summary of Thermocouple Types
2.3.3.1.3 Operation of Thermocouples
2.3.3.1.4 Aging of Thermocouples
2.3.3.1.7 Calibrating Thermocouples
2.3.3.2 Refractory Brick
2.3.3.3 FIBRE GLASS
Table 2.5 Properties of E and G Types Fibre Glass
2.4 Compost
2.4.1 Types of Compost
2.4.3 Uses of compost
3.1.2 Drying
Fig 3-1 Drying of Odum sawdust
3.1.3 Determination of pH
Fig3-4 Biochar Reactor
Fig 3-5 Heating of Reactor
Fig 3-8 Taking of Temperature after Feeding Reactor
3.2.5 WEIGHING OF DRIED BIOCHAR
4.2 THE PH AND YIELD OF THE CHARRED MATERIAL
Table 4.3 Summary of feed and yield of various raw materials
4.3 Temperature Measurement
Table 4.4 temperature reading during pyrolysis of wawa sawdust
Table 4.5 Temperature Reading During Pyrolysis of Wood Shavings
4.6 A 48 Hour Temperature monitoring of 24kg Wood shavings(C)
Table 4.7 Chemical Analysis on Some Biochar Types
5.0 DISCUSSION
5.1 RAW MATERIALS AND CHAR OBTAINED
6.1 CONCLUSION
6.2 RECOMMENDATIONS
6.3 REFERENCES
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Utilization of Agricultural Residue with a newly designed Biochar reactor

Utilization of Agricultural Residue with a newly designed Biochar reactor

Ratings: (0)|Views: 4,642|Likes:
Published by Richmond Godwyll

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categoriesTypes, Research, Science
Published by: Richmond Godwyll on Aug 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/15/2013

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