The Women's Auxiliary organized a first aid station, provided childcare and collectedfood and money for strikers and their families. Some of the women organized theEmergency Brigade, an offshoot of the Women's Auxiliary. These women picketed theauto plant to divert management while another plant was seized. They smashed the auto plant's windows after they heard that the strikers had been gassed inside the building.On March 12, 1937, the Flint sit-down strike ended with an agreement under whichGeneral Motors recognized the United AutoWorkers as the bargaining agent for their workers. The success of the UAW inspired others. Unions grew across the nation.
The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) is a national federation of labor unions in the United States. It was formed in 1955 bythe merger of the AFL, an organization composed primarily of craft unions founded in 1886,and the CIO, a federation of industrial unions founded in 1938. (Craft unions organizeworkers by trades--bricklayers may form one union, carpenters another. Industrial unionsenroll members from an entire industry regardless of trade or level of skill, as in theautomobile, steel, or chemical industry.)The CIO was first formed within the AFL as the Committee for IndustrialOrganization in 1935; its mission was to organize workers in mass-production industries,which had few unions at that time. In 1938 the CIO was expelled from the AFL and becamethe Congress of Industrial Organizations. The conflict between the two federations waslargely over whether the mass-production industries were to be organized along industrial or along craft lines. The leadership of the CIO included John L. LEWIS of the UNITED MINE