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CDC Capabilities March 2011

CDC Capabilities March 2011

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Published by AxX1om
National Standards for State and Local Planning
National Standards for State and Local Planning

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Published by: AxX1om on Aug 19, 2011
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08/19/2011

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P
ublic
H
ealtH
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reParedness
c
aPabilities
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n
ational
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 tandards
 
for
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 tate
 
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2011
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 
Table o Contents
(in alphabetical order)
1. Community Preparedness ................................................................................................................................ 162. Community Recovery ......................................................................................................................................... 223. Emergency Operations Coordination .......................................................................................................... 274. Emergency Public Inormation and Warning ............................................................................................ 365. Fatality Management ......................................................................................................................................... 456. Inormation Sharing ............................................................................................................................................ 557. Mass Care ................................................................................................................................................................ 628. Medical Countermeasure Dispensing .......................................................................................................... 719. Medical Materiel Management and Distribution ..................................................................................... 8110. Medical Surge ....................................................................................................................................................... 9211. Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions ............................................................................................................. 10212. Public Health Laboratory Testing ................................................................................................................ 10913. Public Health Surveillance and Epidemiological Investigation ........................................................ 11914. Responder Saety and Health ....................................................................................................................... 12715. Volunteer Management .................................................................................................................................. 133Endnotes .................................................................................................................................................................................... 140
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ublic health threats are always present. Whether caused by natural, accidental, or intentional means, these threatscan lead to the onset o public health incidents. Being prepared to prevent, respond to, and rapidly recover rompublic health threats is critical or protecting and securing our nation’s public health. The 2009 H1N1 inuenza pandemic underscored the importance o communities being prepared or potential threats.Because o its unique abilities to respond to inectious, occupational, or environmental incidents, the Centers or DiseaseControl and Prevention (CDC) plays a pivotal role in ensuring that state and local public health systems are prepared orthese and other public health incidents. CDC provides unding and technical assistance or state, local, and territorial publichealth departments through the Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) cooperative agreement. PHEP cooperativeagreement unding provides approximately $700 million annually to 50 states, our localities, and eight U.S. territories andreely associated states or building and strengthening their abilities to respond to public health incidents.
Evolving Threats and Strengthening the Public Health System
Public health departments have made progress since 2001, as demonstrated in CDC’s state preparedness reports(http://w
 
ww.cdc.gov/phpr/reportingonreadiness.htm). However, state and local public health departments continue to acemultiple challenges, including an ever-evolving list o public health threats. Regardless o the threat, an eective public healthresponse begins with an eective public health system with robust systems in place to conduct routine public health activities.In other words, strong state and local public health systems are the cornerstone o an eective public health response. Today, public health systems and their respective preparedness programs ace many challenges. Federal unds orpreparedness have been declining, causing state and local planners to express concerns over their ability to sustain the realand measurable advances made in public health preparedness since September 11, 2001, when Congress appropriatedunding to CDC to expand its support nationwide o state and local public health preparedness. State and local planners likelywill need to make difcult choices about how to prioritize and ensure that ederal dollars are directed to priority areas withintheir jurisdictions.
Defning National Standards or State and Local Planning
In response to these challenges and in preparation or a new ve-year PHEP cooperative agreement that takes eect in August2011, CDC implemented a systematic process or dening a set o public health preparedness capabilities to assist state andlocal health departments with their strategic planning. The resulting body o work,
Public Health Preparedness Capabilities:National Standards for State and Local Planning
, hereater reerred to as public health preparedness capabilities, creates nationalstandards or public health preparedness capability-based planning and will assist state and local planners in identiyinggaps in preparedness, determining the specic jurisdictional priorities, and developing plans or building and sustainingcapabilities. These standards are designed to accelerate state and local preparedness planning, provide guidance andrecommendations or preparedness planning, and, ultimately, assure saer, more resilient, and better prepared communities.
Public health preparedness capabilities.
CDC identied the ollowing 15 public health preparedness capabilities (shown intheir corresponding domains) as the basis or state and local public health preparedness:
Biosurveillance Incident Management
- Public Health Laboratory Testing - Emergency Operations Coordination- Public Health Surveillance and
Inormation Management
 Epidemiological Investigation - Emergency Public Inormation and Warning
Community Resilience
- Inormation Sharing
 
- Community Preparedness
Surge Management
- Community Recovery - Fatality Management
Countermeasures and Mitigation
- Mass Care- Medical Countermeasure Dispensing - Medical Surge- Medical Materiel Management and Distribution - Volunteer Management
 
- Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions
 
- Responder Saety and Health

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