the fate of fat
Most o the at in our ood is ound as triglycerides that are digested and absorbed in thesmall intestine. Triglycerides are then packaged up with cholesterol into little units calledlipoproteins and transported in the blood to where they are needed. The two lipoproteinsthat aect heart health are LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) and HDL (High Density Lipoprotein).
the effect of fats on the heart
Eating more calories than you need, whetheras carbohydrate, protein or at, will lead toweight gain, but eating too much at makesthis more likely as 1 gram o at provides9 calories, more than double the calories o1 gram o protein or carbohydrate.Being overweight, especially when the excessweight is carried around your middle, increasesthe risk o developing heart disease by puttingthe heart under strain, increasing bloodpressure and increasing your risk o developingdiabetes, a risk actor or heart disease.
Most o the cholesterol in your body is made by the liver, with only a small proportion comingdirectly rom your diet. How much cholesterolyour liver makes and how it is transported,whether as LDL or HDL cholesterol, dependson the type o at you eat. High levels oLDL cholesterol, sometimes known as ‘bad’cholesterol, and low levels o HDL cholesterol,otherwise known as ‘good’ cholesterol, in theblood encourage cholesterol to be depositedin artery walls causing a gradual build up oatty plaque that can narrow arteries and, insome cases, cause them to block. This canrestrict the blood ow to the heart, starving ito oxygen, and lead to angina or even a heartattack. Some ats are also thought to increaseinammation in the artery wall and makeblood clots more likely to orm.
just enough of the right sort
We all need some at in our diets, just enough o the right sort to keep ourbodies and hearts healthy.
In act, a at ree diet isn’t recommended because our bodies need some at or:
the synthesis o some hormones
production o bilesalts and vitamin D
proper cell unction, including brain and skin cells
helping theabsorption o at-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K)
There are also two atty acids our body cannot make, alpha-linolenic acid (omega 3) andlinoleic acid (omega 6) and these Essential Fatty Acids must come rom our diet.
Sorting out our ‘fat habits’,how much and the type of fat we eat, can have a big impact on our risk of heart disease.