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Automatic Irrigation System

Automatic Irrigation System

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ECE Mini Projects...
Uploaded by RS
ECE Mini Projects...
Uploaded by RS

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Published by: www_rsrajashekar9001 on Aug 19, 2011
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11/17/2014

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1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACK GROUND“AUTOMATIC IRRIGATION SYSTEM”
this Project mainly depends onembedded systems.
1.2 INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEM
An Embedded system is a special-purpose system in which the computer iscompletely encapsulated by or dedicated to the device or system it controls. Unlike ageneral-purpose computer, such as a personal computer, an embedded system performs one or a few predefined tasks, usually with very specific requirements. Sincethe system is dedicated to specific tasks, design engineers can optimize it, reducingthe size and cost of the product. Embedded systems are often mass-produced, benefiting from economies of scale.Personal digital assistants (PDAs) or handheld computers are generallyconsidered embedded devices because of the nature of their hardware design, eventhough they are more expandable in software terms. This line of definition continuesto blur as devices expand. With the introduction of the OQO Model 2 with theWindows XP operating system and ports such as a USB port both features usually belong to "general purpose computers", the line of nomenclature blurs even more.Physically, embedded systems ranges from portable devices such as digitalwatches and MP3 players, to large stationary installations like traffic lights, factorycontrollers, or the systems controlling nuclear power plants.In terms of complexity embedded systems can range from very simple with asingle microcontroller chip, to very complex with multiple units, peripherals andnetworks mounted inside a large chassis or enclosure.
Examples of Embedded Systems:
Avionics, such as inertial guidance systems, flightcontrol hardware/software and other integratedsystems in aircraft and missiles
Cellular telephones and telephone switches1
 
Engine controllers and antilock brake controllers for automobile
Home automation products, such as thermostats, air conditioners, sprinklers,and security monitoring systems
Handheld calculators
Handheld computers
Household appliances, including microwave ovens, washing machines,television sets, DVD players and recorder 
Medical equipment
Personal digital assistant
Videogame consoles
Computer peripherals such as routers and printers.
1.3 BLOCK DIAGRAM
TO REQUIRED COMPONENTS
 
Fig 1.1: Block diagram of a Automatic Irrigation System
1.4 BLOCK DIAGRAM EXPLANATION
28051Microcontroller LM324RELAYMOISTURESENSOR WATER PUMP MOTOR LCD DISPLAY
 
Power Supply
 
POWER SUPPLY:
In this system we are using 5V power supply for microcontroller of Transmitter section as well as receiver section. We use rectifiers for converting theA.C. into D.C and a step down transformer to step down the voltage. The fulldescription of the Power supply section is given in this documentation in thefollowing sections i.e. hardware components.
MICRO CONTROLLER 
In this project work the micro-controller is playing a major role. Micro-controllers were originally used as components in complicated process-controlsystems. However, because of their small size and low price, Micro-controllers
 
arenow also being used in regulators for individual control loops. In several areasMicro-controllers are now outperforming their analog counterparts and are cheaper aswell.The purpose of this project work is to present control theory that is relevant tothe analysis and design of Micro-controller system with an emphasis on basic conceptand ideas. It is assumed that a Microcontroller with reasonable software is availablefor computations and simulations so that many tedious details can be left to theMicrocontroller. The control system design is also carried out up to the stage of implementation in the form of controller programs in assembly language OR in C-Language.
LCD DISPLAY SECTION
This section is basically meant to show up the status of the project. This project makes use of Liquid Crystal Display to display / prompt for necessaryinformation
LM234 OP AMP
3

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