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Excess and Exaggeration

Excess and Exaggeration

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Published by zaki77
Nice article on "Erroneous Attitude that Leads to
Excess and Exaggeration" in the Deen.
Nice article on "Erroneous Attitude that Leads to
Excess and Exaggeration" in the Deen.

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Published by: zaki77 on Aug 19, 2011
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مرا نرا  م
 و آ و  لور  ماو ةاو  دا
Erroneous Attitude that Leads toExcess and Exaggeration
Taken from: http://ilmpoint.wordpress.com
Excessive attitude towards the Prophets and righteous slaves of Allaah occurs amongst leaders and followersof various heretical groups. Within Soofiyah, some of their beliefs have been mixed with pagan concepts likethe trinity as well as pantheist ideals - and this attitude is from what causes the worst type of errors in beliefsand action.Allaah
 و 
َ ِِإ اوُرِ ُأ َ َوَمَ ْرَ َنْ اَِ َ ْ اَوِِنوُد ن  ً َ ْرَأْمُ َ َ ْ ھُرَوْمُ ھَرَ ْ َأ اوُذَ  ااًدِ اَو ً  ٰ ـَ ِإ اوُدُ ْ  ۖِإَ ٰ ـَ ِإ َوُ ھ ۚَنوُ ِرْ ُ   َ ُَ َ ْ ُ 
“They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allaah and (they alsotook as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary)...”
[Surat at-Tawbah, 31]
From the benefits and guidance contained in this Ayah is a reminder of humankind’s tendency to exaggerateand show excessive love to fellow creation, while it is the Creator alone that deserves such praise. By obeyingtheir rabis and monks in everything they commanded or prohibited, the Jews and Christians made lawful orunlawful according to their own desires without any sanction from Allaah.In the hadeeth recorded by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad (4/378) and At-Tirmidhi (3094), the Prophet
 مو 
explained the meaning of this Ayah to 'Adi ibn Haatim
   ر
when he said to the Prophet
 مو 
"We did not use to worship them (i.e. the rabbis and monks)." 
لا م اور مإ
مھو مارا م اوأو
مھإ مد كذ
"Indeed (you did). Do they not forbid what was permitted for them and do they not permit what was madeforbidden for them - That is your worship of them.”
Therefore, whatever Allaah had permitted for them, they forbid it for themselves and whatever Allaah hadmade forbidden, they made it permissible for themselves. This was explained to be a type of worship of them.Allaah further Mentions the behaviour of such people in Surat al-Hadeed, 27:
ِ َ َ ِرقَ  َ ھْوَ َر َ َ ِِناَوْ ِرَءَ ِ ْ اِإْمِ ْ َ َ  َ ھَ ْ َ َ  َ  َ ھوُ َدَ ْ اً ِ َ ْ ھَرَوَ  ۖْمُ ْ ِ  اوُ َ آَنِذ ا َ ْ َ َ  ْمُ ھَرْ َأ ۖَنوُ ِ َ ْمُ ْ  ٌرِ َ َو
“...But the monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them, but (theysought it) only to please Allaah therewith, but they did not observe it with the right observance. So Wegave those among them who believed their (due) reward; but many of them are Fasiqoon (rebellious,disobedient to Allaah).”
We find most of the teachings of those who claim to be Christians to be reflected through various forms of worship, which they devised for themselves. Whether it is through singing or beautified pictures and imagery,they have no recourse back to the origins of their religion and religious sources to verify the authenticity orthe establishment of such forms of worship. And it is from the sad state of affairs and deprivation that someMuslims began to imitate such behaviour and then attempt to justify their non-Islamic actions throughproclaiming that they are “seeking to please Allaah” based on their own desires and innovations.In Surat al-Baqarah, 113 – Allaah
 و 
ْ َ ْمُ ھَوٍءْَ  ٰَ َ ُدوُ َ ْ ا ِتَ ْ َ  ٰىَرَ  ا ِتَ َ َوٍءْَ  ٰَ َ  ٰىَرَ  ا ِتَ ْ َ ُدوُ َ ْ ا ِتَ َ َوَبَ ِ ْ اَنوُ 
“The Jews said that the Christians follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); and the Christians saidthat the Jews follow nothing (i.e. are not on the right religion); though they both recite the Scripture...”
It is ironic how this Ayah explains the denial of the truth that the Jews and the Christians have for each other,yet we find some Muslims taking hold of their subsequent denial and incorporating it into their own practisesand methods. How true the saying of the Prophet
مو   
is when he said:
ننننماررارذوعارذواودربهواولورندوا ىراولناذإ
“You will surely follow in the ways of those before you, span by span and cubit by cubit, so much so that if they were to enter a lizard's hole, you would follow after them." We said, "O Messenger of Allaah, do youmean the Jews and the Christians?" He replied, "Who else?"
[Saheeh al-Bukhari, 3222 and Muslim, 4829 and others]
What the Prophet
   مو
spoke of has indeed come to pass and has become widespread in recenttimes and across many of the Muslim countries. Many of the Muslims follow the enemies of Allaah in many of their customs and ways of behaving - they imitate them in some of their rituals and in celebrating theirholidays.In many Ayaat of the Qur’an and in many Ahadeeth, Allaah and His Messenger
مو   
have orderedthe Muslims to be different from the kuffar, especially in their acts of worship. Most of the learned andrighteous Imams and scholars of Islam see such practices of the Soofis and their leaders as invalid andconsider them as nothing except a class of ignorant and misguided people. It is the duty of every learnedMuslim to explain the Deen of Islam to people and instil the correct belief in their midst - that everythingmentioned in the Qur'an and proven Sunnah is the truth, while all opposition to them is a lie and false vanity.Ibn Majah records the following hadeeth on the authority of Ziyad bin Labeed
   ر
who narrated thatthe Prophet
مو   
ما بھذ ناوأ د كاذ,مھءأ ؤأ رو ءأ رو نآرا أر نو ما بھذ فو  لور  تل ا مو إ
د لر أ ن كار ت نإ دز كأ كةاروا نوءر ىراو دوا هذھ سوأ   ء نو  لاو
"This is the time-period (season) when knowledge will be taken away. (Ziyad) said, O Messenger of Allaah,and how will the knowledge be taken away when we read the Qur’an and read to our children and ourchildren will read to their children until the Day of Judgement? He
مو   
said: “May your motherbe bereaved (of you) Ziyad. I see you as a man of understanding (from the people) of Madinah. Don't theJews and Christians read the Torah and the Injeel, yet they do not act according to them (i.e. how has itbenefited them)."
[Ibn Majah, 4048 - with good isnad]
It is from the signs of the Day of Judgement that knowledge will be reduced and taken away. Rampantignorance will prevail (even) while many people continue to read from the books that are available. Thisincrease in reading of knowledge does not indicate understanding and wisdom; rather it is lack of understanding and benefit despite the abundance of knowledge. People may read but neither do theyunderstand nor do they benefit from it.On one occasion, Mu’awiya ibn Abi Sufyan
   ر
stood up and delivered a khutbah and in it he narrated:
“The Prophet
مو   
arose and gave a speech in it he
مو   
said, “This millah (religion)will be divided into 73 sects, all will be in hellfire, (only) one is in Jannah, this will be the Jama’ah, theJama’ah. And from my Ummah will come people who will follow their desires the way the dog follows hismaster, until this desire will leave no organ, flesh, vein nor bone, except that it will enter (it).”
[Abu Da’wud, 3981; Ad-Daarimi, 2406 and others]
 In another version found in Musnad Ahmad, it is recorded that the Prophet
مو   
إوجأماأيرءاھا,ىرا,قوإد. ﷲوبا اءوساىأأم
“...And there will come from my Ummah, people who will follow their desires, just as the dog follows hismaster, until this desire will leave no organ except that it will enter (it). O Arabs, by Allaah! If you do notfollow what your Prophet
و  ﷲ 
said (i.e. brought), then other people are more likely not toadhere to it.”
[Musnad Ahmad, 16329 [authenticated by Ahmad Shakir in ‘Umdah al-Tafseer’, 1/400]
The extremists amongst the Soofiyah also have their theological roots in Gnosticism whence rose
 mystic ideas like “fana” and they introduced other similar things like music and singing and dancing, alongwith shirk-filled poetry to invigorate their atmosphere of worship. In other words, they have made theirdesires a means to achieve false sense of salvation. How poignant is the hadeeth that Abu Hurayrah
 رم
narrated of the Prophet
مو   
when he said:
مھإو م ، مؤآ و مأ او م  مود سأ أ رآ  نو
“In the last part of my Ummah, there will come a people who will tell of you things that neither you, noryour fathers heard (of before), so beware of them.”
[Saheeh Muslim in his Muqadimah, 7; Al-Hakim in his ‘Mustadrak’, 357; also recorded by Imam Ahmad in his 'Musnad'; Imam al-Bukhari in his ‘Tareekh’ with very slight variation (see also Ibn Hibban, 6766)]
This hadeeth is profound and vast in meaning. It provides a general guideline by which wretched speech isrecognised. A speech that is a lie and leads to innovated rulings and false beliefs. To the contrary, theMessenger of Allaah
و  ﷲ 
 ت   هاوھ نو  مدأ نؤ 
“None of you believes until his desires are in accordance with what I have brought.”
[Ibn Abi Aasim 'As-Sunnah', 15; Al-Baghawi, 'Sharh as-Sunnah', 1/212; Khateeb al-Baghdadi 'Tareekh' 4/469; Bayhaqi, 'Al-Madkhal'209; Ibn Battah, 'Al-Ibanah', 291; Ad-Daylami, Tabarani and others – graded as saheeh by Ahmad Shakir in ‘Umdah al-Tafseer’,
Hakami in ‘Ma’arij al-Qubool’,
422/2; An-Nawawi in ‘Arab’een’, 41 and Ibn Hajar in ‘Fath al-Baari’, 13/302. Al-Albanigraded the isnad as da’eef; Ibn Uthaymeen commented (despite being da’eef), its ‘meaning is saheeh’

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