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Table Of Contents

DISCLAIMER
Introduction
How to learn RAM Advanse?
User Interaction Principle
Design in RAM Advanse
Voice commands
Do you need assistance?
How to report bugs?
New features
Interface:
Analysis:
Design:
Others:
RAM Connection:
Chapter 1: General Overview
Main Window
Data explorer
Units
Entering nodes, members and shells
How to create nodes?
End nodes of physical members
Nodes generation tools
Entering nodes coordinates in an Excel worksheet
How to create members?
Selecting the nodes
Connecting the members
How to create shells?
Assigning properties to nodes, members and shells
Selecting the elements
Entering the required information in the worksheet
Grouping members and shells
Load cases and combinations
Automatic generation of load combinations
Entering loads for a load case
Display of data and results
Zoom and rotation
Panning
Selecting and hiding elements
Other basic operations
Undo Command
Erasing elements
Erasing the contents of a worksheet
Delete duplicated elements and un-connected nodes
Segment Elements
Customizing the interface
General Configuration
Chapter 2: Local and Global Axes
Coordinate systems
Global coordinate system
Local coordinate system
Principal coordinate system
Element rotation
180 and 90 degrees rotation
Rotating members at an angle
Making a local axis parallel to a global axis
Orientating a local axis toward a specific node
Orientating a local axis parallel to a vector between two nodes
Principal axes
Laterally restrained for torsion
Physical members
Model Data Check
Rotating the Structure
Chapter 4: End Releases and Tension-Only Members
Pin (hinges) at both ends of members
Pin one end of a member
Fixing ends of elements
Tension only members
Pre-tension
Cardinal Points
Rigid zone offsets
Beams aligned to floor level (dropped floor)
Some advises in relation to the use of rigid zone offsets and cardinal points
Simultaneous use of rigid offsets and hinges
Rigid floor
Entering Rigid floor
Pressure on frame members
Chapter 6: Creating Sections and Materials
Creating new sections
Section names
Section Collections
Parameters for the design of steel members
Laterally restrained for torsion:
Qmod2' exact:
Tapered Members
Creating Materials
Importing and exporting sections and materials
Chapter 7: Using Structure Templates
Templates
Example 1: Creating a Truss
Example 2: Creating an entire structure
Completing data
Chapter 8: Other Advanced Subjects
Generation of load combinations
Elastic supports
Prescribed displacements
Self - weight
Thermal loads
Node generation
Copy nodes
Linear generation of nodes
Quadratic generation of nodes
Circular generation of nodes
Chapter 9: Analysis
Frame Element
Shell Element
Rigid Diaphragm Constraints
P-Delta Analysis
What is P-Delta effect?
Small p-delta effect
Large P-Delta effect
P-Delta calculation methods
Iterative P-Delta Effects
P-Delta effect in load combinations
Dynamic analysis, and P-Delta
Option to disregard P-Delta effects in members with loads along their span
Nonlinear (Incremental\Iterative) Analysis
Eigen Value Analysis
References
Chapter 10: Dynamic Seismic Analysis
Modal Analysis
Determination of the Dynamic Forces
Methods of Modal Superposition
CQC Method
SRSS Method
ABS Method
Seismic results with sign
Entering Mass
Seismic Loads
Seismic analysis
Seismic loads: response spectrum and earthquake acceleration
Load combinations
Construction details
Seismic aspects in RAM Advanse
Seismic dynamic analysis of buildings
Viewing mode shapes (Free vibration)
Chapter 11: Steel and Wood Structure Optimization and Code check
Optimization and code check
Optimization
Verification or Code Check
Optimization basis
How RAM Advanse chooses an optimum section
Optimization process
Verification process
Structure deflections and deformations
Optimization with other criteria
Appropriate section not found
Non-steel or wood members
AISC and AISI sections
Optimization with default collection of sections
Chapter 12: Printing Graphics and Reports
Model Data
Loads Data
Analysis Results
Dynamic Analysis
Steel Design
Reinforced Concrete Design
Connections Design
Wood Design
List of Materials
Parts List
List of Joints
Diagrams
Report
Display on the screen
Export diagrams to DXF files
Reports
General commands for print report
Customizing the heading of a report
Reports of the detailing modules
Printing Graphics
Text Box
Chapter 13: Importing and Exporting Data
Importing
Exporting
DXF files
What are DXF files?
Exporting as DXF files
Importing a DXF file
Creating a DXF file
Reading DXF files
RAM Structural System Files
SDNF Files
What are SDNF files?
Sending data to a SDNF file
Sending data to RAM BasePlate
Chapter 14: Shells
The Shell Element
Applications for the model
Generating shells
Description
Entering Shell Thickness
Defining the degree of segmentation (meshing)
Assigning Materials
Pressure on the Plates
Segmentation (meshing) of Plates
Determination of the required reinforcement area for RC shells
Printing the results
Shell stresses
Internal forces in nodes
Corner Forces
Face forces
Reinforced concrete design for plates
Graphic environment
Frame members (default)
Stresses
Reinforcement in RC plates
Smooth
Envel and Max
Stresses on both sides of the shell
Chapter 15: Creating New Types of Sections with Macros
SetSolid
Bars and Bar
Join
Closed
Line
Prop Tapered properties
Prop PropertiesCalc
Chapter 16: Creating Structure Templates
The TEXT.tpl file
The TPL file
DESCRIPTION
VARIABLES
SELECT
LINE
DIAGONAL
TEMPLATE
Example 1: Creating a template
1) Create a 20x20-pixel bitmap drawing
2) Create a detailed 150x150-pixel bitmap drawing
3) Create the TPL file
Example 2: Creating a template
1) Create a 20x20-bitmap drawing
2) Create a detailed 150x150-pixel drawing
Using the Example 2 template
Chapter 17: Building Structures
Generating deck or wall areas
Generating Wind Load
Rigid floor diaphragm
Generating wind loads
Generating masses for each floor
Chapter 18: Design and Detailing Modules
Design
Design and Detailing Modules
Invoking the Modules
Dependent detailing modules
Independent detailing modules
Organization of the Modules
Navigation and Data Entry
Zoom
Font Size
Print graphics
Data Entry
Results and verifications
Chapter 19: General Design of Steel Structures
Sections
Selection of the design code
Coordinate system used in design
Design Parameters
Braced Against Sidesway Flag
Effective Length (K) Factors
Axial unbraced length of the member (L)
Lbpos, Lbneg lengths
Cm Coefficients
Cb Coefficients
Lepos, Leneg lengths
m Coefficients
mLT Coefficients
Torsion
Design and optimization
Steel Connections
Output of results
Screen output
Chapter 20: Design of Hot Rolled Steel Members (AISC-ASD-LRFD)
Determination of a member with an AISC section
CODE=HOTROLLED
TYPE=LINEOPEN
TYPE=LINECLOSED
SetSolid..EndSolid
FORMULATION=<formulation>
Second order analysis
ASD technical notes
Assumptions and restrictions for sections and elements
Tension members
Beams and other flexural members
Columns and other compression members
Members subject to torsion
Combined stresses
LRFD technical notes
Assumptions and restrictions for elements
Members in tension
Tapered members
AISC-ASD Flowcharts
AISC-LRFD Flowcharts
Flexural members
Compression members
Combined axial load and bending
Tubular members
AISI 96 Flowcharts
Chapter 22: Design of Steel Members (BS 5950)
Determination of a member with a BS section
CODE=HOTROLLED or CODE=BS_COLDFORMED
Load Combinations
BS 5950 Flowcharts
Chapter 23: ACI Reinforced concrete design
Chapter 23: ACI Reinforced Concrete Design
Loads
Bar size series
Chapter 24: Reinforced Concrete Beam Design
Identifying Concrete Beams
Analysis
Second Order Analysis
Technical Notes
General
Limitations
Flexural Design
Shear Design
Torsion Design
Detailing Requirements
Reports and Screen Output
Summary Report of Beam Design
Screen Display of Reinforcement
Concrete Beam Design/Detailing Module
Data Screen
Report of reinforced concrete beams
ACI 318-99 Beam Design Flowcharts
Chapter 25: Design and Detailing of Reinforced Concrete Columns
Identifying the columns for design
Column Design Parameters
Effective Length (K) Factor
Local Member Stability (Cm) Factor
Unbraced Member Length (L)
ACI Technical Notes
Design of longitudinal reinforcement
Slenderness effects
Bending design
Shear design
Special provisions for seismic design
Output
Report Output
Concrete Column Design/Detailing Module
Design screen
Report of reinforced concrete columns
ACI 318-99 Column Design Flowcharts
Chapter 26: Footing Design and Detailing
Design Steps
Soil-footing-structure modeling
Adopted dimensions
Verifications
Overall stability against sliding, overturning and soil bearing capacity
Foundation Spring Modeling Tools
Concrete Footing Design/Detailing Module
Report of reinforced concrete footings
Appendix A: Soil Structure Interaction - Theory
Column Located at Center of Footing
Eccentric Footings (Columns located at edge of the footing)
Appendix B: ACI 318-99 Footing Design Flowcharts
Chapter 27: Wood Design (NDS-ASD)
Determination of the wood member data
Member Section
Wood materials
Species
Design post processing inside RAM Advanse
Deflection control
Wood Detailing Module
Wood design macro for adjustment factors
Chapter 28: Steel Connections
What is a Connection?
How to find technical information about a specific connection?
How to Use RAM Connection?
Grouped Connections
Individual Connections
Designing Connections
Inclination angles of members (Skew and Slope)
HSS Section Supports
Design Criteria
The Connection Template Database
Database Organization
Defining Connection Templates
Databases for sections, materials, bolts and welds
Connection Toolbar
Group1: Selection options (connections and joints)
Group2: Result display options
Group3: Design and Assignment settings
Groups4,5: Groups of Connection Assignment Buttons
Customizing the connection toolbar
Connection Worksheet
Assigning connections to the model using the worksheet
Assign selected connection template to model
Replace (all) the current selected connection (s)
Assign connection description
Deleting model connections
Connection Pad
1: Properties area
2: Drawing area
3: Help area
LEO Code (macros)
Connections Reports
Chapter 29: Retaining Walls
Design steps
1) Data introduction
2) Verification and Detailing
3) Optimization
Terminology
Design Codes
Stem axial loads
Earth pressures
Seismic Load
Design of components of the wall
Unreinforced Concrete Design
Reinforced Masonry Design
Retaining Wall Design/Detailing Module
View as RAM Advanse Model
Chapter 30: Design and Detailing of Continuous Beams
1) Entering Data
2) Analysis/Design/Detailing
3) Verifications
4) Optimization
Pattern loading
Design parameters
Cracked Section Factors
Unbraced length Lb
Bending coefficient Cb
Design/Detailing Module Beam
Entering data for a Continuous Beam
Passing data of the main program
Optimization screen
Chapter 31: Programming in LEO
Macros for connections
Basic example of a macro
Customizing geometry
End Plate
Entering the commands
LEO Commands
Data types and variables
Explicit form
Short form
By assigning an initial value
Operations with Float variables
Structured statements
IF THEN statements
IF THEN ELSE statements
FOR 1(x=0 to N do) statements
FOR 2(i=0, <N ; +1) statements
WHILE statements
WHILE TRUE / BREAK statements
GROUP statements
PROP READ statements (Property)
PROP READ/WRITE statements (Property)
Parameters by reference
Properties as parameters by reference
Assigning expressions as parameters by reference
Additional commands for LEO Editor
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RAMAdvanseManual

RAMAdvanseManual

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Published by: Ricardo Americo Ortega Garcia on Aug 19, 2011
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