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Math - Integration

# Math - Integration

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06/18/2013

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INTEGRATION: AN OVERVIEW 30/07/2008
1
1
nn
x xdxcn
+
= ++
∫
where
1
n
≠ −
( )( )( )
1
1
nn
axbaxbdxcan
+
++ =+
∫
+
where
1
n
≠ −

1
1ln
xdxdxxc x
= =
∫
+

( )
1
11ln
axbdxdxaxbcaxba
+ = = + ++
∫

( ) ( )( )
1
f1
nn
x xxdxcn
+
= ++
∫

( )( )( )
ln
xdxxc x
= +
∫

( )
( ) ( )
f
xx
xedxec
= +
∫

( )
( ) ( )
f
1ln
xx
= +
∫

xx
edxec
= +
∫

Anglo-Chinese Junior College
H2 Mathematics 9740:
INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)

Page 1 of 4

1
axbaxb
edxeca
+ +
= +
∫

1ln
xx
= +
∫

cossin
xdxxc
= +
∫

sincos
xdxxc
= − +
∫

2
sec tan
xdxxc
= +
∫

2
cosec cot
xdxxc
= − +
∫

sec tansec
xxdxxc
= +
∫

cosec cotcosec
xxdxxc
= − +
∫

FORMULAE FOUND IN MF15
122
1sin
xdxcaax
= +
∫

( )
xa
<
122
11tan
xdxcaaax
= ++
∫

22
11ln2
= ++
∫

( )
xa
>

22
11ln2
axdxcaaxax
+= +
∫

( )

xa
<

( )
tanlnsec
xdxxc
= +
∫

2
x
π
<

( )
sec lnsec tan
xdxxxc
= + +
∫

2
x
π
<

( )
cot lnsin
xdxxc
= +
∫

( )
0
x
π
< <

( ) ( )
cosec lncosec cot 0
xdxxxcx
π
= + + < <
∫

TRIGONOMETRIC FORMULAE USED IN INTEGRATION
Trigonometric Identities

22
sincos1
xx
+ =

22
tan1sec
xx
+ =

22
1cotcosec
xx
+ =

Double Angle Formulae

(FOUND IN MF15)

sin22sincos
AA
=
A

( )( )
222222
cos2cossin12cos1 cos1cos22112sin sin1cos22
AAA AA AA
= = = += =
A A

Factor Formulae

(FOUND IN MF15)

( ) ( )( ) ( )
11sinsin2sincos2211sinsin2cossin22
PQPQPPQPQP
+ = + = +
QQ

( ) ( )( ) ( )
11coscos2coscos2211coscos2sinsin22
PQPQPQPQPQP
+ = +
Q
= +

http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project

OTHER TECHNIQUES USED IN INTEGRATION
Integration by a given Substitution Integration by Parts

dvduudxuvvdxdx
=
∫
x

SUMMARY (PLANE AREA & VOLUME OF SOLID OF REVOLUTION)
Area under a curve(bounded by the x-axis)

Area under a curve(bounded by the y-axis)

vertical strips

horizontal strips
y
is written as a function of
x

x
is written as a function of
y
curve above
x
-axis
positive area curve to the right of
y
-axis
positive areacurve below
x
-axis
negative area curve to the left of
y
-axis
negative area
ba
ydx
∫

c
xdy
∫

Volume of solid of revolution(rotated about the x-axis)Volume of solid of revolution(rotated about the y-axis)
Volume of solid formed when region under thecurve bounded by the
x
x
-axis =
2
ba
ydx
π
∫
Volume of solid formed when region boundedby the curve and the
y
y
-axis =
2
c
xdy
π
∫
Volume of solid formed when region betweentwo curves is rotated about the
x
-axis=
2212
bbaa
ydxydx
π

Anglo-Chinese Junior College
H2 Mathematics 9740:
INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)

Page 2 of 4

π
∫
Volume of solid formed when region betweentwo curves is rotated about the
y
-axis=
2212
dcc
xdyxdy
π

π
∫

a

b

δ
x

y

c

δ
y

xa

b

y x
δ
x

y

δ
yc

x x y
http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project

EXERCISE
1. Express
2
3(32)
x xx
+
in partial fractions.Hence or otherwise, find
2
32(3)
xdx xx
+
∫
. [ACJC 2006]2. (i) By using the substitution
θ
sin2
=
x
, find the exact value of
( )
120
143
xdx
∫
.(ii) The region
R
, bounded by the curves
1
x y
=
and
( )
431
2
x y
=
, the
x
-axis, the
y
-axis and the line is shown in the diagram below.
3.1
=
x

Anglo-Chinese Junior College
H2 Mathematics 9740:
INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)

Page 3 of 4

yx
=
134
2
()
y x
=
1

3.1
O y R x
(a) Find the area of
R
, correct to 3 significant figures.(b) Find the volume formed when the shaded region,
R
, is rotated through 360
°
x
-axis. [HCI 2006]3. (a) Find (i)
x
2
∫
(ii)
xe
x
d
3
∫
xe x
d
.
x
35
(b) Use the substitution
u
to find the exact value of
x
=
∫
+
91
d54
x x x x
.[NYJC 2006]4. (i) Find
2
1
xxdx
in
4s
1
xxdx
∫
. [AJC 2006]
http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project

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