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Math - Integration

Math - Integration

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Published by: helixate on Sep 28, 2008
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INTEGRATION: AN OVERVIEW 30/07/2008
FORMULAE NOT FOUND IN MF15
1
1
nn
 x xdxcn
+
= ++
∫ 
where
1
n
≠ −
( )( )( )
1
1
nn
axbaxbdxcan
+
++ =+
∫ 
+
where
1
n
≠ −
 
1
1ln
 xdxdxxc x
= =
∫ 
+
 
( )
1
11ln
axbdxdxaxbcaxba
+ = = + ++
∫ 
 
( ) ( )( )
1
f1
nn
 x xxdxcn
+
= ++
∫ 
 
( )( )( )
ln
 xdxxc x
= +
∫ 
 
( )
( ) ( )
f
 xx
 xedxec
= +
∫ 
 
( )
( ) ( )
f
1ln
 xx
 xadxaca
= +
∫ 
 
 xx
edxec
= +
∫ 
 
 Anglo-Chinese Junior College
H2 Mathematics 9740:
INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)
 
Page 1 of 4
 
1
axbaxb
edxeca
+ +
= +
∫ 
 
1ln
 xx
adxaca
= +
∫ 
 
cossin
 xdxxc
= +
∫ 
 
sincos
 xdxxc
= − +
∫ 
 
2
sec tan
 xdxxc
= +
∫ 
 
2
cosec cot
 xdxxc
= − +
∫ 
 
sec tansec
 xxdxxc
= +
∫ 
 
cosec cotcosec
 xxdxxc
= − +
∫ 
 
FORMULAE FOUND IN MF15
122
1sin
 xdxcaax
= +
∫ 
 
( )
 xa
<
122
11tan
 xdxcaaax
= ++
∫ 
 
22
11ln2
 xadxcaxa xa
= ++
∫ 
 
( )
 xa
>
 
22
11ln2
axdxcaaxax
+= +
∫ 
 
( )
 
 xa
<
 
( )
tanlnsec
 xdxxc
= +
∫ 
 
2
 x
π 
<
 
( )
sec lnsec tan
 xdxxxc
= + +
∫ 
 
2
 x
π 
<
 
( )
cot lnsin
 xdxxc
= +
∫ 
 
( )
0
 x
π 
< <
 
( ) ( )
cosec lncosec cot 0
 xdxxxcx
π 
= + + < <
∫ 
 
TRIGONOMETRIC FORMULAE USED IN INTEGRATION
Trigonometric Identities
 
(NOT FOUND IN MF15)
 
22
sincos1
 xx
+ =
 
22
tan1sec
 xx
+ =
 
22
1cotcosec
 xx
+ =
 
 Double Angle Formulae
 
(FOUND IN MF15)
 
sin22sincos
 AA
=
 A
 
( )( )
222222
cos2cossin12cos1 cos1cos22112sin sin1cos22
 AAA AA AA
= = = += =
 A A
 
 Factor Formulae
 
(FOUND IN MF15)
 
( ) ( )( ) ( )
11sinsin2sincos2211sinsin2cossin22
PQPQPPQPQP
+ = + = +
QQ
 
( ) ( )( ) ( )
11coscos2coscos2211coscos2sinsin22
PQPQPQPQPQP
+ = +
Q
= +
 
http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project
 
OTHER TECHNIQUES USED IN INTEGRATION
 Integration by a given Substitution Integration by Parts
 
dvduudxuvvdxdx
=
∫ 
 x
 
SUMMARY (PLANE AREA & VOLUME OF SOLID OF REVOLUTION)
 Area under a curve(bounded by the x-axis)
 
 Area under a curve(bounded by the y-axis)
 
vertical strips
 
horizontal strips
  y
is written as a function of 
 x
 
 x
is written as a function of 
 y
 curve above
 x
-axis
positive area curve to the right of 
y
-axis
positive areacurve below
 x
-axis
negative area curve to the left of 
 y
-axis
negative area
ba
 ydx
∫ 
 
c
 xdy
∫ 
 
Volume of solid of revolution(rotated about the x-axis)Volume of solid of revolution(rotated about the y-axis)
Volume of solid formed when region under thecurve bounded by the
 x
-axis is rotated aboutthe
 x
-axis =
2
ba
 ydx
π 
∫ 
 Volume of solid formed when region boundedby the curve and the
 y
-axis is rotated about the
 y
-axis =
2
c
 xdy
π 
∫ 
 Volume of solid formed when region betweentwo curves is rotated about the
 x
-axis=
2212
bbaa
 ydxydx
π 
 
 Anglo-Chinese Junior College
H2 Mathematics 9740:
INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)
 
Page 2 of 4
 
π 
∫ 
Volume of solid formed when region betweentwo curves is rotated about the
 y
-axis=
2212
dcc
 xdyxdy
π 
 
π 
∫ 
 
a
 
b
 
δ
 x
 
 y
 
c
 
δ
 y
 
 xa
 
b
 
 y x
δ
 x
 
 y
 
δ  
 yc
 
 x x y
http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project
 
EXERCISE
1. Express
2
3(32)
 x xx
+
in partial fractions.Hence or otherwise, find
2
32(3)
 xdx xx
+
∫ 
. [ACJC 2006]2. (i) By using the substitution
θ 
sin2
=
 x
, find the exact value of 
( )
120
143
 xdx
∫ 
.(ii) The region
 R
, bounded by the curves
1
 x y
=
and
( )
 431
2
 x y
=
, the
 x
-axis, the
 y
-axis and the line is shown in the diagram below.
3.1
=
 x
 
 Anglo-Chinese Junior College
H2 Mathematics 9740:
INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)
 
Page 3 of 4
 
 yx
=
134
2
()
 y x
=
1
 
3.1
O y R x
(a) Find the area of 
 R
, correct to 3 significant figures.(b) Find the volume formed when the shaded region,
 R
, is rotated through 360
°
 about the
 x
-axis. [HCI 2006]3. (a) Find (i)
 x
2
∫ 
(ii)
 xe
 x
d
3
∫ 
 xe x
d
.
 x
35
(b) Use the substitution
u
to find the exact value of 
 x
=
∫ 
+
91
d54
 x x x x
.[NYJC 2006]4. (i) Find
2
1
 xxdx
in
, simplifying your answer.(ii) Find
4s
1
 xxdx
∫ 
. [AJC 2006]
http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project

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