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P. 1

Math - IntegrationRatings:

4.5

(1)|Views: 2,216|Likes: 41Published by helixate

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/6275893/Math-Integration

06/18/2013

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INTEGRATION: AN OVERVIEW 30/07/2008

FORMULAE NOT FOUND IN MF15

1

1

nn

x xdxcn

+

= ++

∫

where

1

n

≠ −

( )( )( )

1

1

nn

axbaxbdxcan

+

++ =+

∫

+

where

1

n

≠ −

1

1ln

xdxdxxc x

−

= =

∫ ∫

+

( )

1

11ln

axbdxdxaxbcaxba

−

+ = = + ++

∫ ∫

( ) ( )( )

1

f ff 1

nn

x xxdxcn

+

⎡ ⎤⎣ ⎦′= +⎡ ⎤⎣ ⎦+

∫

( )( )( )

f lnf f

xdxxc x

′= +

∫

( )

( ) ( )

ff

f

xx

xedxec

′= +

∫

( )

( ) ( )

ff

1f ln

xx

xadxaca

′= +

∫

xx

edxec

= +

∫

Anglo-Chinese Junior College

H2 Mathematics 9740:

INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)

Page 1 of 4

1

axbaxb

edxeca

+ +

= +

∫

1ln

xx

adxaca

= +

∫

cossin

xdxxc

= +

∫

sincos

xdxxc

= − +

∫

2

sec tan

xdxxc

= +

∫

2

cosec cot

xdxxc

= − +

∫

sec tansec

xxdxxc

= +

∫

cosec cotcosec

xxdxxc

= − +

∫

FORMULAE FOUND IN MF15

122

1sin

xdxcaax

−

⎛ ⎞= +⎜ ⎟⎝ ⎠−

∫

( )

xa

<

122

11tan

xdxcaaax

−

⎛ ⎞= +⎜ ⎟+⎝ ⎠

∫

22

11ln2

xadxcaxa xa

−⎛ ⎞= +⎜ ⎟+−⎝ ⎠

∫

( )

xa

>

22

11ln2

axdxcaaxax

+⎛ ⎞= +⎜ ⎟−−⎝ ⎠

∫

( )

xa

<

( )

tanlnsec

xdxxc

= +

∫

2

x

π

⎛ ⎞<⎜ ⎟⎝ ⎠

( )

sec lnsec tan

xdxxxc

= + +

∫

2

x

π

⎛ ⎞<⎜ ⎟⎝ ⎠

( )

cot lnsin

xdxxc

= +

∫

( )

0

x

π

< <

( ) ( )

cosec lncosec cot 0

xdxxxcx

π

= − + + < <

∫

TRIGONOMETRIC FORMULAE USED IN INTEGRATION

Trigonometric Identities

(NOT FOUND IN MF15)

22

sincos1

xx

+ =

22

tan1sec

xx

+ =

22

1cotcosec

xx

+ =

Double Angle Formulae

(FOUND IN MF15)

sin22sincos

AA

=

A

( )( )

222222

cos2cossin12cos1 cos1cos22112sin sin1cos22

AAA AA AA

= −= − ⇒ = += − ⇒ = −

A A

Factor Formulae

(FOUND IN MF15)

( ) ( )( ) ( )

11sinsin2sincos2211sinsin2cossin22

PQPQPPQPQP

+ = + −− = + −

QQ

( ) ( )( ) ( )

11coscos2coscos2211coscos2sinsin22

PQPQPQPQPQP

+ = + −

Q

− = − + −

http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project

OTHER TECHNIQUES USED IN INTEGRATION

Integration by a given Substitution Integration by Parts

dvduudxuvvd dxdx

⎛ ⎞ ⎛ ⎞= −⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

∫ ∫

x

SUMMARY (PLANE AREA & VOLUME OF SOLID OF REVOLUTION)

Area under a curve(bounded by the x-axis)

Area under a curve(bounded by the y-axis)

vertical strips

horizontal strips

y

is written as a function of

x

x

is written as a function of

y

curve above

x

-axis

−

positive area curve to the right of

y

-axis

−

positive areacurve below

x

-axis

−

negative area curve to the left of

y

-axis

−

negative area

ba

ydx

∫

d c

xdy

∫

Volume of solid of revolution(rotated about the x-axis)Volume of solid of revolution(rotated about the y-axis)

Volume of solid formed when region under thecurve bounded by the

x

-axis is rotated aboutthe

x

-axis =

2

ba

ydx

π

∫

Volume of solid formed when region boundedby the curve and the

y

-axis is rotated about the

y

-axis =

2

d c

xdy

π

∫

Volume of solid formed when region betweentwo curves is rotated about the

x

-axis=

2212

bbaa

ydxydx

π

Anglo-Chinese Junior College

H2 Mathematics 9740:

INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)

Page 2 of 4

π

−

∫ ∫

Volume of solid formed when region betweentwo curves is rotated about the

y

-axis=

2212

dd cc

xdyxdy

π

π

−

∫ ∫

a

b

δ

x

yd

c

δ

y

xa

b

y x

δ

x

y

δ

yc

d x x y

http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project

EXERCISE

1. Express

2

3(32)

x xx

−+

in partial fractions.Hence or otherwise, find

2

32(3)

xdx xx

−+

∫

. [ACJC 2006]2. (i) By using the substitution

θ

sin2

=

x

, find the exact value of

( )

120

143

xdx

−

∫

.(ii) The region

R

, bounded by the curves

1

x y

=

and

( )

431

2

x y

−=

, the

x

-axis, the

y

-axis and the line is shown in the diagram below.

3.1

=

x

Anglo-Chinese Junior College

H2 Mathematics 9740:

INTEGRATION (REVISION 2008)

Page 3 of 4

yx

= −

134

2

()

y x

=

1

3.1

O y R x

(a) Find the area of

R

, correct to 3 significant figures.(b) Find the volume formed when the shaded region,

R

, is rotated through 360

°

about the

x

-axis. [HCI 2006]3. (a) Find (i)

x

2

∫

(ii)

xe

x

d

3

∫

xe x

d

.

x

35

(b) Use the substitution

u

to find the exact value of

x

=

∫

+−

91

d54

x x x x

.[NYJC 2006]4. (i) Find

2

1

d xxdx

⎡ ⎤−⎣ ⎦

in

, simplifying your answer.(ii) Find

4s

1

xxdx

−

∫

. [AJC 2006]

http://education.helixated.com/An Open Source Education Project

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