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Six Decades of Second Party Relations

Six Decades of Second Party Relations

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Published by John Greenewald
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The following document(s) have been shared with Scribd users by The Black Vault, http://www.theblackvault.com, the world's largest private collection of declassified government documents. With well over 600,000 pages of declassified material on a vast array of topics, The Black Vault has fascinated users worldwide on the internet for more than 15 years. Check out the site, and help pass the word!

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Published by: John Greenewald on Aug 21, 2011
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DOCID:
3559613
CryptologicAlmanac50
th
AnniversarySeries
SixDecades
of
Second
Party
Relations
~
Theterroristevents
of
11
September2001dramaticallyillustratedtheimportance
of
SIGINTrelationshipswithourSecondParties(theU.K.,Canada,Australia,andNewZealand).Althoughwehavetrackedandreportedworldwideterrorismfordecades,itsintelligencemagnitudeflaredtoanunprecedentedbrilliancewithinhours.NewinitiativeswithourSecondParties,suchasbiweeklyvideoteleconferencesbetweenbothseniorsandanalysts,frequentTDYsfocusedoncounter-terrorism,andmorevigorousdailyinteractionhighlighttheacceleratedcooperation.
~
WhenitcomestoNSAanditsSecondPartypartnerspitchinginduringacrisis,
it's
what
we've
cometoexpectfromeachother.Thistradition
of
intelligencesharinghasdeepandwidespreadrootsthathavebeencultivatedformorethan
half
acentury.DuringWorldWarII,theU.S.ArmyandNavyeachdevelopedindependentforeignSIGINTrelationshipswiththeBritishandtheirDominions
of
Canada,Australia,andNewZealand.Theserelationsevolvedandcontinuedacrossthedecades,makingcriticalcontributionstoourSIGINTsuccessesthroughouttheColdWar.Inlate1991thedissolution
of
theSovietUnionforcedahesitantreevaluationandreshuffling
of
intelligencerequirements.Relationshipswerelessfocusedastargetsbecamehardertoidentify,muddlingattemptstoarticulategoalsanddirections.Despitethisuncertainenvironment,thefoundation
of
SecondPartyarrangementsremainedsolid.
UNITEDKINGDOM
(U)WhenyouhearthetermSecondParty,yourimmediatethoughtmightbe"theBritish."Andthat'sunderstandable.Itwasthemonumental,jointcryptanalyticeffortagainsttheAxiscryptomachinesinWorldWarIIthatspawnedheroesandfeats
of
epicdimensions.MentionENIGMAorPURPLEandeyeswidenandpulsesquicken.Bothcountries--andthefreeworld--benefitedtremendouslyfromthisrelationship.Thewartimecooperationgrewintoaformalreaffirmation
of
continuedcryptologictiesinMarch1946withthesigning
of
theBritish-U.S.(BRUSA)COMINTAgreementthatbetterdefinedthedegreeandscope
of
postwarcollaboration.By1948theBritishcentralizedintelligenceorganization,theLondonSignalsIntelligenceCentre(LSIC),hadbecometheGovernmentCommunicationsHeadquarters(GCHQ),anamewe'refamiliarwithtoday.Thefirstexchange
of
liaisonofficersoccurredin1946withtheU.S.namingaU.S.liaisonofficerinLondon,andtheBritishreciprocatingwiththeirSeniorBritishLiaisonOfficerin
Declassified
andapproved
forrelease
by
NSA
on
27
February
2007
pursuant
to
E.O.
12958,
as
amended.
MDR-51909
 
DOCID:
3559613
Washington.TheselaterevolvedintotheSpecialU.S.LiaisonOfficerLondon(SUSLOL)andtheSeniorU.K.LiaisonOfficerWashington(SUKLO).(U)TheU.S.COMINTBoard(DSCIB;later,DSIB)mandatedthattheBRDSArelationship
be
shepherdedbytheArmedForcesSecurityAgency(AFSA)whenAFSAarosein1949.Withthecreation
ofNSA
in1952,thisresponsibilityfelltoDIRNSA,asdidmanagingtheotherSecondPartyprograms.BRUSAbecameUKUSAin1954atthebehest
of
theBritish.(D)EventhoughtheU.S.servicesbeganELINTcollaborationwiththeU.K.in1948,theD.S.lackedasinglefocalpointforELINTissues.Ittooktenyears,butthisshortcomingwasaddressedbythesecretary
of
defenseinNSCID6
of
1958when
NSA
becamethecentralpointforELINT,aswellasCOMINT.
CANADA
(U)BoththeU.S.ArmyandNavywereworkingwiththeCanadianCOMINTorganizationby1942.Asapoint
of
historicalinterest,HerbertYardley,wholedtheU.S.
COMINT
effortinthe1920s,assistedinthecreation
of
Canada'sCOMINTentity.LiketheirAmericanandBritishcounterparts,theCanadiansenjoyedmuchsuccessduringWorld
War
II.
"1€)
CanadahadbeenmentionedintheBRDSAAgreement
of
1946asasecondaryplayer,but
by
thenextyear,Canadawaslobbyingtohaveher
own
SIGINTagreementwiththeU.S.withintheexistingframework
of
theNorthAmericandefensetreaties.
Her
perseverancepaid
off
twoyearslaterwhentheU.S.andCanadasignedtheCANUSAAgreement
of
1949.TheessencewasmuchliketheearlierBRUSAAgreement.ThefIrstliaisonexchangesbetweenthetwocountriesactuallybeganin1950,but
NSA
and
Canada's
COMINT
organization
swapped
representatives
in
1954,
whenSUSLOOttawa
(SUSLOO)
andCANSLO
Washington
(CANSLOW)cameinto
existence.
The
CommunicationsBranch
of
theNationalResearchCouncil(CBNRC),
Canada's
SIGINT
functionary,
was
created
inMay
1964.
TheCBNRC
became
theCommunications
Security
Establishment(CSE)undertheDepartment
of
NationalDefencein1975.
AUSTRALIA
(D)TheU.S.NavyFleetRadioUnitMelbourne(FRUMEL)andtheAustralianNavyCOMINTelementwerecooperatinginearly1942.AcombinedU.S.-Australian
COMINT
organization,designatedtheCentralBureau(CB),wasset
up
thesameyeartosupportGeneralMacArthur'scommandintheSouthwestPacifIc.Duringmost
of
thewar,ColonelAbrahamSinkov,USA,ledtheCB.Theseendeavorsprovedhighlysuccessfulin

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