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The Creation of NSA Part 2

The Creation of NSA Part 2

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Published by John Greenewald
The following document(s) have been shared with Scribd users by The Black Vault, http://www.theblackvault.com, the world's largest private collection of declassified government documents. With well over 600,000 pages of declassified material on a vast array of topics, The Black Vault has fascinated users worldwide on the internet for more than 15 years. Check out the site, and help pass the word!
The following document(s) have been shared with Scribd users by The Black Vault, http://www.theblackvault.com, the world's largest private collection of declassified government documents. With well over 600,000 pages of declassified material on a vast array of topics, The Black Vault has fascinated users worldwide on the internet for more than 15 years. Check out the site, and help pass the word!

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Published by: John Greenewald on Aug 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/21/2011

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DOClD:
3575726
UNClASSIFIEO//FOR
uFFiCiAL
USE
ON!
Y
CryptologicAlmanac50
th
AnniversarySeriesTheCreationofNSA-Part2of
3:
AFSA
(U)SYNOPSIS:AfterWorldWarII,theArmyandNavycryptologicorganizationssought
to
eliminateduplication
of
effortandsurmountbudgetdifficultiesbyformingacooperativeorganization,theJointOperatingPlan.However,theJOPadministratordidnothavesufficientauthority
to
achievethesegoals.(U)NOW,
ON
WITHTHE
STORY:
InAugust1948,believingthatmoreeconomyhad
to
beachievedinCOMINTactivities,thesecretary
of
defenseauthorizedastudyonunifyingtheservicecryptologicactivitiestocutcosts.Heconvenedajointserviceboard,headed
by
RearAdmiralEarlStone,wholenthisnametoit.(U)TheStoneBoardprovedarathercontentiousgathering,andevenaftertwoextensions
of
itsdeadline,itcoulddonomorethanagree
to
disagree.WhiletheArmyfavoredanewinterserviceCOMINTagency,theNavyandtheAirForceopposedit.TheonlypossibilityfortheStoneBoardwasasplitreport.(U)AfterLouisJohnsonsucceededJamesForrestalasSECDEFin1949,thenewsecretaryacceptedtheArmyrecommendationforacentralCOMINTagencyanddirectedtheJointChiefs
of
Staff
to
createtheArmedForcesSecurityAgency(AFSA).(U)Afterextensivediscussions,theservicesagreedonAdmiralEarl
J.
Stone.AdmiralStoneformallyassumedhisdutiesasDIRAFSAon
15
July.Earlyon,hedecidedthat,insofaraspracticable,COMINTactivitieswouldbeconcentratedattheArmy'sArlingtonHallStation,COMSECattheNavyCommunicationsStation,andresearchanddevelopmentactivitiesdividedbetweenthem.(U)ThenonmilitarydepartmentswithaninterestinCOMINT,primarilytheStateDepartmentandCIA,weredispleasedwithwhatlooked
to
themlikeanattemptbythemilitary
to
setupaclosedshop,buthadlittlerecourse,sincetheservicescontrolledallCOMINTproductionassets.(U)AFSAmaintainedthehighstandardsincryptologythathadcharacterizedthewartimeeffort.
It
producedgoodintelligenceonawiderange
of
targets.AswiththeJOP,whateverelseitdid,theenforcedinterservicecooperationunderAFSAgavetheservicesvaluableexperienceinjointoperations,whichthenhadlittleprecedent,andhelpeddevelop
"
pprO",.ted
forRelease
by
~ ' · J S , A ,
or
6-·'12-2009
FOI.A
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5256

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