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An Investigation into the Issues Impacting the Media Freedom in Post-Taliban Afghanistan, Bita Riazati

An Investigation into the Issues Impacting the Media Freedom in Post-Taliban Afghanistan, Bita Riazati

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Published by Bita Ahooramazda
This thesis utilises interviews with Afghan journalists and media professionals to develop a context for discussion of media issues in Afghanistan. I have argued the existence of particular individuals from former regimes in post-Taliban structures who are hindering media’s ability to critically discuss particular public interest issues. I have applied Price et al’s (2002) theory of media reform to identify this group as ‘harmful remnants’ in new political structures who see media’s position as the fourth estate a threat to their power renewal in Afghanistan. I have termed their negative influence over media freedom, as the ‘indirect politicisation’ of media. This indirect politicisation focuses on sensitive aspects of Afghan culture, such as ethnicity, language and religion to politicise the media’s ability to report and consequently hinders social change. While there are restrictions, through the interviews, the thesis has demonstrated that many brave and courageous journalists are in fact putting their lives at risk by strategically tackling critical social change issues. Author: Bita Riazati (2009)
This thesis utilises interviews with Afghan journalists and media professionals to develop a context for discussion of media issues in Afghanistan. I have argued the existence of particular individuals from former regimes in post-Taliban structures who are hindering media’s ability to critically discuss particular public interest issues. I have applied Price et al’s (2002) theory of media reform to identify this group as ‘harmful remnants’ in new political structures who see media’s position as the fourth estate a threat to their power renewal in Afghanistan. I have termed their negative influence over media freedom, as the ‘indirect politicisation’ of media. This indirect politicisation focuses on sensitive aspects of Afghan culture, such as ethnicity, language and religion to politicise the media’s ability to report and consequently hinders social change. While there are restrictions, through the interviews, the thesis has demonstrated that many brave and courageous journalists are in fact putting their lives at risk by strategically tackling critical social change issues. Author: Bita Riazati (2009)

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Published by: Bita Ahooramazda on Aug 22, 2011
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 Issues of Media Freedom in Post-Taliban Afghanistan
Media Freedom in Afghanistan
An Investigation into the Issues of Media Freedom in Post-Taliban Afghanistan
نا رد ن زا  ر داز ت
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirementsfor the degree: Master of Media and Communications (Journalism)BITA RIAZATIBachelor of Multimedia (Media Studies)Faculty of Life and Social SciencesSwinburne University of TechnologyJuly 2009
 
 Issues of Media Freedom in Post-Taliban Afghanistan
Declaration
I certify that, except where due acknowledgement has been made, the work is that of the author alone; the work has not been submitted previously, in whole or in part, toqualify for any other academic award; the content of the thesis is the result of work which has been carried out since the official commencement date of the approvedresearch program; any editorial work, paid or unpaid, carried out by a third party isacknowledged; and, ethics procedures and guidelines have been followed.
…………………..……………Bita RiazatiFriday 10
th
August, 2009
 
 Issues of Media Freedom in Post-Taliban Afghanistan
Contents
DEFINING THE MEDIA'S ROLE IN AFGHANISTANThesis Introduction ......................................................................................... 7
 
Introduction: Defining Media Freedom ......................................................... 19
 
Defining Communitarian Philosophy and its Relevance ................................ 20
 
Defining Public Journalism in Afghanistan ................................................... 26
 
DEFINING THE ROLE OF “HARMFUL REMNANTS” IN THE MEDIA'S“ENABLING ENVIRONMENT”Introduction: Defining the Media's “Enabling Environment” ......................... 31
 
Defining “Harmful Remnants” ...................................................................... 33
 
The Role of Harmful Remnants in The Media's Environment ........................ 34
 
THE IMPACT OF HARMFUL REMNANTS BY POLITICISING THEMEDIA'S ENVIRONMENTIntroduction: Ethnicity as a Political Instrument ............................................ 42
 
Defining Politicisation of Ethnicity ............................................................... 44
 
Defining Politicisation of Religion ................................................................ 50
 
STRATEGIES OF RESPONSE BY JOURNALISTS IN AFGHANISTANIntroduction: Media Interviews ..................................................................... 58
 
Interview Categories ..................................................................................... 59
 
(1) Traditional Restrictions ........................................................................... 59
 
(2) Law Enforcement .................................................................................... 65
 
(3) Professional Experience ........................................................................... 69
 
(4) Responsible Journalism ........................................................................... 73
 
Thesis Conclusion ......................................................................................... 77
 
Bibliography ................................................................................................. 79
 

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