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Published by Vipin Dakhole

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Published by: Vipin Dakhole on Aug 22, 2011
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iAssessing the Prospectsfor India’s Textile andClothing SectorJuly 2009iiProject LeaderDr. Jatinder S. BediStudy TeamMr. Radheshyam Verma Research Associate Dr. Pradip Biswas ConsultantMr. Sanjeev Kumar Research Analyst Ms. Minal Kapoor Research AssociateMr. Rajkumar Research Associate Mr. Raghav Gupta TraineeiiiForewordThe Textiles and clothing industry is the second most important economic activity in the country interms of employment generation (after agriculture). It is also one of the majorsources of exportearnings for the country. Its share in manufacturing value added is estimated currently at about 12percent. The textile industry is presently in a state of flux due to the severecontraction in export anddomestic demand in the wake of global economic and financial crisis. Major business restructuring istaking place across the industry. The government is also considering measures tosupport the industryon which livelihood of millions of people is dependent.The industry is afflicted by slow and uneven modernisation across various segments. Insufficientmodernisation is especially the case with dying and processing, weaving, garments, non-woven andtechnical textiles segments. Existing policies for modernization such as Technology UpgradationFund Scheme (TUFS) and policy to attract FDI need to be properly designed to allow investmentswhere they are most essential. This requires an understanding of the state of the textile and clothingindustry so that relevant policy decisions are taken on the basis of facts and figures.This study is an attempt to provide alternative estimates of basic parameters ofthe industry (numberof units, output, value added, employment, number of machines/looms, etc.). Thestudy provides areview of the government policies and programmes for the industry by analysing the relevantdocuments. It provides some insights into the corrections required in various policy measures andexplores various measures to make the industry more efficie nt and competitive.The study looks at a wide range of aspects such as stages of processing, sectorsof production, theircompetitiveness, retail marketing, number of intermediaries involved from factory stage to finalconsumer stage and margins and value addition by them. It also looks into the state and potential oftechnical textiles in India.We are grateful to Ministry of Textiles and Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Governmentof India, and the Confederation of Indian Textile Industry for entrusting this study to us. Weacknowledge their support not only in terms of funding this study but also for t
heir inputs throughdiscussions at various stages of the study.We hope that the study will be helpful in better understanding the constraints faced by textiles andclothing industry and help the decision makers in formulating policies which could help the industryto sharpen its competitive edge, especially in facing the current global economic slowdown.Suman BeryDirector GeneralNCAERivContentsAcknowledgmentExecutive SummaryIntroductionChapter 1 Indian Textiles and Clothing Industry in Mill Sector1.1 The Structure of Textiles and Clothing Industries1.2 Performance Indicators for the Mill Sector1.2.1 Spinning Sector1.2.2 Trends in consumption and exports of yarn1.2.3 Capacity Utilization of Spinning Mill1.2.4 Yarn-fibre ratio1.2.5 Output Capital, Output Labour and Capital Intensity ratios1.2.6 Capital stock per Spindle, Output per Labour1.3 Independent Weaving Mills1.3.1 Capacity Utilization1.3.2 Fabric -Yarn Ratio1.3.4 Output Capital Ratio1.4 Composite Mill1.4.1 Capacity Utilization1.4.2 Output Capital Ratio, Output Labour Ratio and Capital LabourRatio1.5 Garments1.5.1 Capacity Utilization1.5.2 Output Capital, Output Labour, Capital Intensity and Wagesper Employee RatiosChapter 2 State of Overall Textiles and Clothing Industry in India2.1 Spinning Sector2.2 Weaving Sector2.3 Made-ups2.4 Processing Activity2.5 Knitted and Crocheted Products2.6 Technical Textile2.7 Embroidery Work2.8 Manufacture of Wearing Apparel2.9 Overall Textiles and Clothing industry2.10 Estimates of Cotton and Synthetic Fabric s Production inPowerloom, Handloom and Hosiery SectorChapter 3 Analysis of NCAER, 2008-09 Survey data3.1 A note on Sampling Procedure adopted for selection of ClustersIncluding Artisanal Clusters3.2 Size-wise Estimates of Handloom and Powerloom Sector UnitsProducing Cotton and Synthetic Products3.3 Per Unit Ratios for Units Producing Fabrics as one of their products/product3.3.1 Units run with the aid of power and producing fabrics3.3.2 Units run without the aid of power and producing fabrics3.4 Estimates of Production, Employment, Looms Installed for Units Producing Fabricsas one of their products/product on the basis of Field furvey data using multipl
iers3.4.1 Powerloom Sector3.4.2 Handloom Sectorv3.4.3 Powerloom and handloom sector3.5 Major Characteristics of Surveyed Clusters across Different Segmentsof the Industry3.5.1 Powerloom Sector3.5.2 Hosiery Sector3.5.3 Handloom Sector3.5.4 ApparelChapter 4 Domestic Demand Pattern of Textiles and Clothing4.1 Trend in Consumption of Various Textiles Items4.1.1 Concepts and definitions for various categories of textiles4.1.2 Pattern of changes in consumption using Textile Committeedata for the year 1990, 2000 and 20064.1.2.1 Woven Textile in Piece Length4.1.2.2 Woven Garments in Piece Length4.1.2.3 Woven Readymade Garments4.1.2.4 Woven Household Varieties4.1.2.5 Hosiery Varieties (knitted varieties)4.1.3 Change in the Consumption of Various Items in ClothingExpenditure Using NSSO Data for year 1993-94 and 2004-054.2 Changes in consumption demand across income groups using NSSO data4.3 Expenditure and Price Elasticity of Textile Items4.3.1 Methodology of estimation for expenditure elasticity4.3.2 Price Elasticity4.3.3 Projection of Domestic Demand for 2011-12 and 2015-16 based onElasticities derived in Bedi & Cororation, IFPRI(DP), 20084.3.4 Summary4.4 Retailing4.4.1 Apparel Retailing in India4.4.2 Structure of Retailing in India4.4.3 Retail Location in India4.4.4 Growth of Retail Market in India4.4.5 FDI Policy in Retail4.5 Value Chain Analysis4.5.1 Purchase of fabrics/ garments by the traders4.5.2 Sale of fabrics/ garments4.5.3 Prevailing price at various stages4.5.4 ConclusionChapter 5 Exports and Import of Textiles and Clothing5.1 Exports5.1.1 Exports of Fibre from India to the Rest of the World5.1.2 Exports of Yarn from India to Rest of the World5.1.3 Exports of Fabric (Excluding Knitted) from India to the Rest of the World5.1.4 Exports of Knitted/ Crocheted Fabric from India to the Rest of the World5.1.5 Exports of Readymade Garments (Knitted/Crocheted) From India to theRest of the World5.1.6 Exports of Readymade Garments (Non-Knitted/Crocheted) From India toRest of the World5.1.7 Exports of Made-Ups from India to Rest of the Worldvi5.2 Imports5.2.1 Imports of Fibre from World to India5.2.2 Imports of Yarn from World to India5.2.3 Imports of Fabric (Excluding Knitted) from World to India5.2.4 Imports of Knitted/ Crocheted Fabric from world to India5.2.5 Imports of Readymade Garments (Knitted/Crocheted) from World toIndia

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