affects the distribution of water plants. Salts and ions can accumulate to high levels inwater. When salt concentration in the soil is high, the plant may lose too much waterthrough osmosis. Salt marshes have a variable salinity based on the tide, and often contain
, which survive high salt conditions by retaining enhanced levels of ions andresisting loss of water to their environment.
These are found dissolved in water of the soil solution, usually at low concentrations, andare essential for the growth of the plant. The essential elements are released by decay of dead plants and animals and their waste matter, including K and Ca, NO
. They areabsorbed then reused by the plant as ions, and endlessly cycled. Stocks can be added to bythe weathering of rocks, but nitrates are generated from atmospheric nitrogen gas by theactions of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms, and as an outcome of lightning. The availability of minerals is affected by pH and bacteria.
G.1.2 - Explain the factors that affect the distribution of animal species, includingtemperature, water, breeding sites, food supplies and territory
The dominant plants in an ecosystem will often determine animal distribution as theanimals are highly dependent on them for their sources of energy and carbon. It alsodetermines the type of habitat that exists, along with the critical abiotic conditions. Thisshould be kept in mind when investigating animal distribution.
This can influence the metabolism and growth of animals, as well as their behaviour. Thereis strong correlation between amount of light and temperature.
are able tosurvive very low or high temperatures using behavioural means, but cannot survive if it getstoo extreme.
are animals that regulate their own temperature.
maintain less control, and are more dependent on the external temperature.