Domain 4
th
Course The Standards Pre Calculus Ideas AQR Ideas
N u m b e r & Q u a n t i t y
The ComplexNumber System
• Perform arithmetic
operations with complexnumbers.(+) N.CN.3
• Represent complex
numbers and theiroperations on the complexplane.(+) N.CN.4, 5, 63. (+) Find the conjugate of a complex number; use conjugates to findmoduli and quotients of complex numbers.4. (+) Represent complex numbers on the complex plane inrectangular and polar form (including real and imaginary numbers),and explain why the rectangular and polar forms of a given complexnumber represent the same number.5. (+) Represent addition, subtraction, multiplication, andconjugation of complex numbers geometrically on the complexplane; use properties of this representation for computation.
For example,
(
–1 + √3 i)
3
= 8
because
(
–1 + √3 i)
has modulus
2
and argument
120°.6. (+) Calculate the distance between numbers in the complex planeas the modulus of the difference, and the midpoint of a segment asthe average of the numbers at its endpoints.VectorQuantities andMatrices
• Represent and model with
vector quantities.(+) N.VM.1, 2, 3
• Perform operations on
vectors.(+) N.VM.4a, 4b, 4c, 5a, 5b
• Perform operations on
matrices and use matrices inapplications.(+) N.VM.6, 7, 8, 9, 10,11, 121. (+) Recognize vector quantities as having both magnitude anddirection. Represent vector quantities by directed line segments, anduse appropriate symbols for vectors and their magnitudes (e.g.,
v
,
v
, 
v
,
v
).2. (+) Find the components of a vector by subtracting the coordinatesof an initial point from the coordinates of a terminal point.3. (+) Solve problems involving velocity and other quantities that canbe represented by vectors.4. (+) Add and subtract vectors.a. Add vectors endtoend, componentwise, and by theparallelogram rule. Understand that the magnitude of a sum of twovectors is typically not the sum of the magnitudes.b. Given two vectors in magnitude and direction form, determine themagnitude and direction of their sum.c. Understand vector subtraction
v
–
w
as
v
+ (
–
w
), where
–
w
is theadditive inverse of
w
, with the same magnitude as
w
and pointing inthe opposite direction. Represent vector subtraction graphically byconnecting the tips in the appropriate order, and perform vectorsubtraction componentwise.5. (+) Multiply a vector by a scalar.a. Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors andpossibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplicationcomponentwise, e.g., as
c
(
v
x,
v
y) = (
cv
x,
cv
y).b. Compute the magnitude of a scalar multiple
c
v
using 
c
v
 =
c

v
. Compute the direction of
c
v
knowing that when 
c

v
≠ 0, the
direction of
c
v
is either along
v
(for
c
> 0) or against
v
(for
c
< 0).6. (+) Use matrices to represent and manipulate data, e.g., to