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Table Of Contents

0. Executive summary
1. Introduction
1.1 Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan – this report
1.2 The Amber project – different definitions
1.3 Nord Stream, Yamal-Europe II, Nabucco
2. Conclusions and recommendations
2.1 Status of conclusions and recommendations
2.2 Market Issues
2.2.1 No need for permanent derogation of Baltic gas markets
2.3 Infrastructure
2.3.1 Focus on market integration and security of supply
2.3.5 LNG recommendations
3. Objectives and criteria
4. Analysis of indigenous production/transmission/storage and LNG
4.1 Gas demand around the Baltic Sea
4.2 Indigenous production/transmission/storage/LNG capacities
4.2.1 Norway is the main gas source in North-West Europe
4.2.2 Germany
4.2.3 Poland
4.2.4 Denmark
4.2.5 The Netherlands
4.2.6 The UK
4.3 Gas transmission in the region
4.3.1 Integration of gas networks in Germany
4.4 Gas storage in the region
4.4.1 Geological potential, existing and planned facilities
4.4.2 Demand for storage capacity in the Baltic countries and Finland
4.5 LNG around the Baltic Sea
4.6 Conclusions on gas reserves and indigenous production
5. Links of the three Baltic countries with the Gazprom system
5.1 Overview over system
5.2 Capacity assessment of normal operation 2009
5.2.1 Pipeline capacities
5.2.2 Demand peaks during cold periods
5.2.3 Supply-demand balance area 1
5.2.4 Supply-demand balance area 2
5.2.5 Supply-demand Finland
5.3 Capacity assessment after Nord Stream in operation
5.4 Summer operations of the Baltic gas system
5.5 Latvian gas storage interrupted
5.6 Belarus supply interrupted
6.2.2 Netback prices in the Baltic countries and Finland
6.2.3 Impact of decreasing transportation costs
6.3 Gas retail prices
6.3.1 Low retail prices compared to other EU member states
6.3.2 Potential for market integration
6.4 LNG prices
6.4.1 EU LNG import prices
6.4.2 LNG price in the Baltic Sea
6.5 Conclusion on prices
7. Main infrastructure gaps and bottlenecks
7.1 Missing links
7.2 Principles for interconnections around Baltic Sea
7.3 Bottlenecks in the system
7.3.1 Latvian/Lithuanian border
7.3.2 Polish- German border - Reverse flow in Yamal-Europe pipeline
7.3.3 Denmark-Germany
7.3.4 LNG storage
8.1 Derogations status and conditions
8.2 Uniform regulation
8.3 Security of supply
8.3.1 Low security of supply Baltic Sea countries
8.3.2 Security of supply costs in general
8.3.3 Security of supply costs in the Baltic countries
8.3.4 Security of supply costs in Denmark
8.4 Improving market mechanisms and strengthening incentives
8.5 Identification of possible market related actions
9.1 Methodologies, suite of models and evaluations
9.3 List of project and project assessment
9.3.1 SWOT Pipeline projects – short to medium term
9.3.2 SWOT Pipeline projects – Long-term
9.3.3 SWOT LNG projects
9.3.4 SWOT Storage projects
9.4 Pipelines versus LNG projects
9.5 LNG assessment
9.5.1 Small or “large” scale LNG
9.5.2 Conclusions on LNG size
9.5.3 Location of LNG
9.5.4 LNG options – traditional with storage or direct gasification on ship
9.5.5 Gas storage versus pipelines and LNG
9.6 Qualitative comparison of projects
9.7 Quantitative comparison model
9.7.1 Model description
9.7.2 Conclusions on quantitative analysis
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2009 Bemip Ramboll Bemip Final Report

2009 Bemip Ramboll Bemip Final Report

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Published by Andra Ješinska

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Published by: Andra Ješinska on Aug 23, 2011
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05/24/2012

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