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36550738-Abap-Notes

36550738-Abap-Notes

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Published by Ravi Kedia

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Published by: Ravi Kedia on Aug 23, 2011
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11/24/2012

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SAP ABAP
ABAP
- ADVANCED BUSINESS APPLICATION PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE.It is 4
th
generation language and it is a proprietary language of SAP.
TRANSACTION CODE
:-It is flow of screens. Every screen is called a session.Maximum number of sessions allowed 6.It is also called T-Code. In short we can say thatit is a short form or short cut key to execute a program.ABAP is not case sensitive. We can use upper case or lower case or combinationalso. But is space sensitive.All user defined object names in SAP should start with either 
‘Z’
or 
‘Y’
. If we don’t start object name with either ‘Z’ or ‘Y’ it will ask for 
access key
.Hence we can say that as a user we don’t have the access to create an object namewithout starting with ‘Z’ or “Y’.All statements in ABAP should be terminated with a period (full stop or dot).Thereare 5 types of programs available in ABAP. They are ….1)Executable Program2)Function Group3)Modulepool Program4)Include Program5)Subroutinepool Program.To create all these programs T-Code is
SE38.
It is also called
ABAP Editor.EXECUTABLE PROGRAM:-
A program which takes input from the user and givesoutput is called Executable Program or Report Program. Input screen of report program iscalled
SELECTION-SCREEN
.Output screen of report program is called
LIST
. Bydefault for every report program Selection-screen number will be
1000.
 Whenever you login into SAP first screen you get is called SAP Easy accessscreen. In that screen top one is called Menu bar. After that we have standard Tool bar and after Application tool bar. On Standard tool bar we have command filed where weenter Transaction code.
 
If you want to create any of the above 5 types of programs, in command prompttype SE38 T-Code and press enter. You will go to ABAP Editor screen. There you enter a program name starting with either ‘Z’ or ‘Y’. For example just say ZSAMPLE. After entering the program name press create button. Immediately you will get next screenwhere you have to enter title. Title is the meaningful description to the program. That iswhat is the purpose for which you are writing the program.

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