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The Philippine Islands 1493 1898 Volume 23

The Philippine Islands 1493 1898 Volume 23

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Published by: Icas Phils on Aug 23, 2011
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, VolumeXXIII, 1629-30, by VariousThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume XXIII, 1629-30Explorations By Early Navigators, Descriptions Of TheIslands And Their Peoples, Their History And Records OfThe Catholic Missions, As Related In Contemporaneous BooksAnd Manuscripts, Showing The Political, Economic, CommercialAnd Religious Conditions Of Those Islands From TheirEarliest Relations With European Nations To The Close OfThe Nineteenth CenturyAuthor: VariousEditor: Emma Helen BlairRelease Date: August 6, 2005 [EBook #16451]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS ***Produced by Jeroen Hellingman and the Distributed Proofreaders TeamThe Philippine Islands, 1493-1898Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands andtheir peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions,as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing thepolitical, economic, commercial and religious conditions of thoseislands from their earliest relations with European nations to theclose of the nineteenth century,Volume XXIII, 1629-30Edited and annotated by Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertsonwith historical introduction and additional notes by Edward GaylordBourne.
 
CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXIIIPrefaceDocuments of 1629-30Decree regarding mission appointments in theIndias. Felipe IV; Madrid, April 6, 1629Letter from Manila Dominicans to FelipeIV. Diego Duarte, and others; Manila, May 12,1629Letters to Felipe IV. Juan Niño de Tavora;Cavite, August 1, 1629Relation of 1629-30. [Unsigned; Manila, July,1630]Letters to Felipe IV. Juan Niño de Tavora;Manila, July 30, and Cavite, August 4, 1630History of the Augustinian order in the Filipinas Islands(to be concluded). Juan de Medina, O.S.A.; 1630 [but printedat Manila, 1893]Bibliographical DataILLUSTRATIONSMonument in Manila to Legazpi and Urdaneta; from a photographin possession of the Colegio de Agustinos Filipinos,Valladolid 125Map of the Marianas Islands (with large inset of the island ofGuam); photographic facsimile of Bellin's map in _HistorischeBeschryving der Reizen_ (Amsterdam, 1758), xvii, p. 6; fromcopy in library of Wisconsin Historical Society 135View of boat of the Ladrone Islands; from engraving in _Histoire générale des voyages_ (Paris, 1753) xi, facingp. 171; from copy in the library of Wisconsin HistoricalSociety 139Exterior of Augustinian church and convent, Manila; fromplate in possession of the Colegio de Agustinos Filipinos,Valladolid 205PREFACE
 
The present volume contains but few documents relating to currentaffairs in 1629-30, the greater part of its space being occupied withthe Augustinian Medina's history of his order in the Philippines to1630; but the annual reports of the governor present an interestingview of the colony's affairs at that time. As usual, the colonialtreasury is but slenderly provided with the funds necessary forcarrying on the government, and Tavora proposes expedients forobtaining these, and for utilizing hitherto neglected resources ofthe country. He has to contend with hostility on the part of theroyal officials, and apathy in Mexico as to the welfare of the farwestern colony dependent on it. The southern Malays are hostile,but thus far have been held in check; and threatened hostilitieswith Japan have been averted. Medina's history is of course largelyreligious; but it contains considerable mention of secular events andof social and economic conditions. The length of this work obligesus to synopsize such matter as is of secondary importance, and toconclude our translation of it in _Vol_. XXIV.A royal decree (April 6, 1629) commands the provincials of thereligious orders in the Spanish colonies to heed the rights ofthe royal patronage in making or changing appointments to missionposts. The leading Dominican officials in Manila write (May 12,1629) to the king, informing him that the country is in a ruinouscondition from the piracies of the Dutch, which have also brokenup the trade of the islands. They ask certain favors from the king,and are sending an envoy to Madrid to discuss their affairs with him.The annual reports of Governor Tavora (dated August 1, 1629) includemany important matters. As usual, he is embarrassed by lack of funds;little has been received from Nueva España, and the revenues ofthe islands are greatly diminished by the decline in trade. Heis endeavoring to secure what cloves he can from the Moluccas,and advises that this product be bartered in India, on the royalaccount, for supplies needed for the royal magazines in Manila,which can be done on highly profitable terms. Tavora minimizes thepossible danger to these cargoes from the Dutch enemy at Singapore,and asks that he be allowed to send cloves thus to India, at suchtimes as he can collect a sufficient quantity for this purpose;and that in this matter the treasury officials be not allowed tointerfere. He also proposes that the rations of rice allotted bythe government to its workmen be provided by letting Chinese farmerscultivate certain unused crown lands; he has even begun to plan forthis undertaking. Tavora recounts certain difficulties that he hasexperienced in dealing with the treasury officials at Manila, and asksfor the royal decision. In this connection, he remarks: "The officesin the Yndias are not worth anything unless one steals." To this letterare appended the decisions made by the royal fiscal in Spain. He refersto the royal councils the proposal to trade cloves in India; approvesthe farming of crown lands, but is uncertain whether the Mexicantreasury can provide the additional contribution thus made necessary;advises thorough inspection of the accounts of the probate treasury,and strict prohibition of the use of those funds by the governors;objects to accepting pay-warrants in place of cash; and states thatthe removal of minor officials in the treasury, and the fees paid tothem, are matters which should be investigated. A later opinion bythe fiscal is to the effect that those minor officials be removed andappointed, as hitherto, by the treasury officials, not by the governor.

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