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Procedures and Observations for Chemical and Physical Changes Lab

Procedures and Observations for Chemical and Physical Changes Lab

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Published by kmwawers

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Published by: kmwawers on Aug 23, 2011
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Name _____________________________________________________
Chapter 2: Physical and Chemical Changes Lab
Chemistry is the study of matter and how it changes. There are two typesof changes: physical and chemical. Physical changes are alterations of matter which do not result in the formation of a different substance. Theatomic or molecular identity of matter which undergoes a physical changeis not changed. Chemical changes do result in the formation of differentmatter. The atomic or molecular identity of matter which undergoes achemical change is changed.Examples of physical changes include: cutting, melting, and dissolving.Examples of chemical changes include rusting, burning, and digesting.
Beakers, 150mL and 250mL10mL graduated cylinder100mLgraduated cylinderWatch glasstest tubestest tube holdersmatchesMortar and pestlescoopulaBunsen burnerwhitestirring stick 
Be sure to wear your safety glasses throughout the lab until clean-up iscompleted.Matches should be thrown away in the trash, not left in the sink.Check with Mrs. Wawers about the proper disposal of the chemicals.Wash your hands when cleaning up.
Procedures and Observations
Follow the procedure and write your observation in the space provided.Identify the change as physical (P) or chemical (C).
1.Place a small nail in a test tube. Cover the nail with copper (II) sulfate solution(blue liquid). Place the test tube in a beaker, write the period that you havechemistry on the beaker and put the beaker in the cupboard where yoursafety glasses are stored. Leave this overnight. Observe the nail and thesolution the next day.
 ______________________________________________________________________________  _____________________________________________________________ (P or C) ________ 2.Add a scoopula of ammonium chloride (NH
Cl) to one test tube and ascoopula of calcium chloride (CaCl
) to a second test tube. Fill each test tubehalf-way with water. Place your hand around the bottom of each test tube.
Observations: NH
Cl test tube
 _______________________________________________________________(P or C) ________ 
test tube
___________________________________________________ (P or C) ________ 3.Measure about 2mL of mercury (II) nitrate (Hg(NO
) into a 10mL graduatedcylinder. Obtain 12mL of potassium iodide (KI) in a 100mL graduatedcylinder. Add the mercury nitrate to the larger cylinder with the potassiumiodide, mix, and observe.
 ______________________________________________________________________________  _________________________________________________________________ (P or C) ______ 
4.Add 150mL of distilled water to a 250mL beaker. Add three drops of phenolphthalein to the water and a small piece of calcium metal.
 ______________________________________________________________________________  ________________________________________________________________ P or C _________ 5.Cut a small piece off of a birthday candle and place this wax in a test tube.Attach the test tube to a test tube holder, and gently heat the wax over theBunsen burner flame until it melts. Allow the wax to cool, make yourobservations, and throw the test tube away in the broken glass container.
Save the candle for #6Observations:
 ______________________________________________________________________________  _________________________________________________________________ P or C ________ 6.Using aluminum foil, make a “stand” for the birthday candle. Light the candleand allow it to burn until it burns out. You may go on to the next step whilethe candle is burning, but be sure to observe it periodically.
 ______________________________________________________________________________  _____________________________________________________________ P or C ___________ 7.Tear a piece of paper into smaller pieces. Place the torn pieces onto a watchglass. Use a match and light the paper on fire. Allow it to burn.
The burntpaper can be thrown in the trash after you make sure it is completeddone burning.Observations after tearing ___________________________________________ Por C________Observations after burning _________________________________________ P orC_________

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