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Health and Radiation Physics, Lecture Notes R20070927H

Health and Radiation Physics, Lecture Notes R20070927H

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Published by: Z. Yong Peng on Aug 23, 2011
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11/19/2013

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Health and Radiation Physics
Heiko Timmers
A lecture coursefor 2nd year students of physicsUniversity of New South WalesAustralian Defence Force Academy
July 2003
 
Contents
1 Bones and body mechanics 1
1.1 Mechanical representation of the human skeleton . . . . . . . . . . .21.2 Standing, bending, lifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41.3 Walking and running . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51.4 Bone: A good material choice? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
2 The eye and vision 13
2.1 Cornea, iris, lens and retina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142.2 Colour perception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172.3 Exploring vision with simple experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3 Hearing 21
3.1 Hearing sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .223.2 Structure of the ear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .243.3 Outer ear and middle ear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253.4 Inner ear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
4 Alpha-decay 335 Beta-decay 43
5.1 The story of a carbon atom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .445.2 Carbon-14 dating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
6 Gamma-decay 55
6.1 Nuclear medicine: history and modern practice . . . . . . . . . . .566.2 Gamma-rays in nuclear medicine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .596.3 The equivalence of energy and mass: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .606.4 Scintillation detectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .656.5 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
7 Appendix 67
7.1 First in-class test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
References 85
iii
 
Chapter 1
Bones and body mechanics
1

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