SQL stands for Structured Query Language and is used to access and manipulate informationfrom databases
SQL allows users to access data in relational database management systems, such asOracle,Informix,Sybase, Microsoft SQL Server, Access etc.
SQL allows users to manipulate and define the data in a database.
SQL is an ANSI standard computer language
Strucured Query Language
SQL may frequently pronounced “sequel” but the alternate pronunciation “S.Q.L.” is also used.As the name implies, SQL is a computer language that you use to interact with a database. Infact, SQL works with a specific type of database, called a relational database.SQL is more than a query tool, although that was its original purpose, and retrieving data is stillone of its most important functions. SQL is used to control all of the functions of DBMS which provides for its users, including:
Data Definition Language.
In DDL user define the structure and organization of thestored data and relationships among the stored data items.
Data Retrieval Language.
An application program to retrieve stored data from thedatabase and use it.
Data Manipulation Language.
DML allows a user or an application program to updatethe database by adding new data, removing old data, and modifying previously storeddata.
Data Control Language.
DCL can be used to restrict a user’s ability to retrieve, add, andmodify data, protecting stored data against unauthorized access.
Is used to coordinate data sharing by concurrent users, ensuring that theydo not interfere with one another.
It defines integrity constraints in the database, protecting it from